Saint-Memin Print Collection

General Samuel Smith, Saint-Memin Print Collection

General Samuel Smith, 1800, Saint-Memin Print Collection, MdHS.

The Saint-Memin Print Collection consists of more than 250 portraits created by French engraver Charles Balthazar Julien Fevret de Saint-Mémin. The items span the years 1796-1809.

Biographical Note

Charles Balthazar Julien Fevret de Saint-Mémin was born in France in 1770. He served as an officer in the French Army, and was exiled after the French Revolution. When he arrived in the United States in 1793, he began to teach himself the arts of engraving and painting, producing some views of New York City as early as 1794. His first work was published in 1796, the year he began a portrait business with Thomas Bluget de Valdenuit, a fellow Frenchman. The two utilized the physiognotrace, a device whereby a sitter's profile was traced by a bar, and a pantograph, with a piece of chalk attached to its end, drew the same profile in a smaller dimension onto a piece of paper. Details were then added to the outline drawing. Another pantograph was used to trace the drawing and produce a continuous line engraving on a copper plate. Saint-Mémin then utilized a roulette, a tool of his own invention, to produce shading on the engravings. The sitter usually received the drawing, the copper plate and a dozen engravings for a set fee.

While in business with Valdenuit, Saint-Mémin produced the engravings from his partner's drawings. The partnership dissolved after about a year, and Saint-Mémin went on to create both the portrait drawings and engravings himself. He left New York in 1798, and traveled down the east coast of the United States, with stays in Philadelphia, Baltimore, Washington, Richmond, and Charleston. In 1810, Saint-Mémin returned to France, effectively ending his portrait business. He returned briefly to America, but moved to France in 1814, where he lived until his death in 1852. During his stay in America, Saint-Mémin drew a total of more than 900 portraits and engraved more than 800 of these.

Source: New York Historical Society, Guide to the Saint-Memin Print Collection.

Collection Origin

Various Donors: Acc# 54315: Mrs. Thomas C. Jenkins; Acc# 51276: Elizabeth L. Clark; Acc# 49741: L. H. Dielman; Dec. 1954, 1947, 1944.

The Saint-Memin Print Collection was originally part of MS 718. Items were transferred to the Graphics Division in 1977. The collection was then processed as a print collection in April 2014.

Scope and Contents

In 1862, Elias Dexter published The Saint-Memin Collection of Portraits, containing photographs of Saint-Mémin's American portraits and biographical sketches of the sitters. Although some sitters were misidentified in the volume, it has been used as a standard means for identification of the Saint-Mémin portraits. Dexter's numbers that he assigned to each portrait can be found in the container list below. (note: the numbers to do not correspond to a chronological or alphabetical listing). A copy of The Saint-Memin Collection of Portraits can be found in the MdHS library.

Biographical sketches and information about the Maryland sitters in the collection can be found in Check List of Profile Portraits of Maryland People: Crayon Drawings, Engraved Portraits, Water Color Miniatures by Charles Balthazar Julien Fevret de Saint-Memin, compiled by Edith Rossiter Bevan, 1951, Vertical File, MdHS.

The Saint-Memin Print Collection consists of 5 boxes of prints and other items housed in folders. The Collection is organized into three series.

Series I: Portraits

Series I consists of loose portraits by Saint-Memin. There are also some reproductions, negatives, a few copperplates and one silverplates. The portraits are organized alphabetically.

Series II: Ephemera

This series consists of three pieces of ephemera related to Saint-Memin’s prints.

Series III: Albums

This series consists of two albums of portraits by Saint-Memin collected by Elizabeth L. Clark and Bertha Lee Jenkins Miller and donated to the Maryland Historical Society in 1947. The albums are organized in rough alphabetical order. Three portraits are missing from the albums: John B. Bordley, Thomas Jefferson, and Martin Luther. The box also contains two exhibit label boxes for the albums.

Download a PDF version of the Saint-Memin Print Collection Finding Aid

Container List 

Title

Date

State of sitter

Box

Dexter #

Series I: Portraits

 

 

 

 

Alexander, Henry

1806

Baltimore, Maryland

1

364

Archer, Dr. John

ca 1796-1810

unknown

1

not in Dexter

Baldwin, Judge Simeon (2 prints)

1807

Conneticut

1, 4

448

Bassett, Governor Richard

1802

Delaware

1

155

Bentalou, Paul

ca 1796-1810

unknown

1

not in Dexter

Bentalou, Mrs. Paul

ca 1796-1810

unknown

1

not in Dexter

Bland, Theodorick

1804

Maryland

1

342

Bordley, John B.

1800

Maryland

1

166

Bowie, Governor Robert

1804

Maryland

4

330

Boyce,___

ca 1796-1810

unknown

1

not in Dexter

Brazier, Amable (1 print; 1 reproduction)

1800

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

1

237

Brent, Richard

1803

Virginia

1

379

Brent, William

1806

Virginia

1

409

Brice, Judge Nicholas (2 prints)

1803

Maryland

1

341

Buckley, A.M. (reproduction)

1798

Pennsylvania

4

129

Burbeck, General Henry (3 prints)

1806

Boston, Massachusetts

1

397

Cabell, Governor William H.

1807

Virginia

1

575

Caldwell, Mary M.

1798

Pennsylvania

1

744

Caldwell, S.A. (2 reproductions)

ca 1796-1810

unknown

1

not in Dexter

Caldwell, Mrs. Samuel (2 prints)

ca 1796-1810

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

1

not in Dexter

Campbell, James

ca 1796-1810

unknown

1

not in Dexter

Carroll, Jr., Charles (photograph of print)

1804

Maryland

1

333

Carr, Peter

1808

Virginia

1

604

Clinton, Governor George (2 prints)

ca 1796-1810

New York

1

not in Dexter

Clinton, Mrs. George

ca 1796-1810

New York

1

not in Dexter

Clinton, General James

1797

New York

1

57

Clinton, Mrs. James

1798

New York

1

742

Coale, Edward Johnson (3 prints)

1804

Baltimore, Maryland

1, 4

338

Coles, John

1809

Virginia

4

not in Dexter

Dallas, Alexander J.,

1801

Pennsylvania

1

138

Dayton, L.L.D., Jonathan

1798

New Jersey

1

444

Dearborn, General Henry

1805

New Hampshire

1

401

De Butts, Dr. Samuel

1805

Maryland

1

531

De Butts, Mrs. Samuel

1805

Maryland

1

729

Dorsey, Judge Walter (3 prints; 1 copperplate)

1804

Baltimore, Maryland

1, 4

337

Drayton, Governor John

1809

Charleston, South Carolina

1

648

Duane, Colonel William

1802

New York

1

159

Duponceau, Peter S.

ca 1796-1810

unknown

1

not in Dexter

Dutilh, Catherine

1801

Pennsylvania

1

722

Dutilh, Etienne

1801

Pennsylvania

1

299

Du Val, Judge Gabriel

1806

Maryland

1

404

Ellicott, J. (2 prints)

1804

Baltimore, Maryland

1, 4

344

Pfister, Philip

1808

Virginia

1

205

Foxhall, Henry

1806

Washington, D.C.

2

413

Foxhall, Mrs. Henry

1806

Washington, D.C.

2

727

Ghesalia, Dr. Reverdy

ca 1796-1810

unknown

2

not in Dexter

Gilman, Benjamin Ives (2 prints)

1801

New Hampshire

2

706

Gilmor, Robert (reproduction)

1803

Baltimore, Maryland

2

352

Gilmor, William (1 print; 1 reproduction)

1803

Baltimore, Maryland

2

353

Gilmore, Mrs. William

1803

Baltimore, Maryland

2

284

Glenn, Elias (4 reproductions; 1 negative)

1803

Baltimore, Maryland

2

380

Goddard, J.

1804

Maryland

2

361

Goodwin, Lyde Jr. or Brice, Nicholas (See Bevans)

1807

Baltimore, Maryland

2

341

Gourdin, Theodore

1809

South Carolina

2

671

Gray, Edward

ca 1796-1810

unknown

4

not in Dexter

Green, John U.S.N.

1809

unknown

2

not in Dexter

Gywnn, William (1 print; 1 copperplate)

1804

Maryland

2

220

Hewson, Miss (Mrs. David Caldwell)

1798

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

2

271

Jefferson, Thomas (reproduction)

1805

Virginia

2

441

Jones, Judge Walter

1805

Maryland

4

517

Johnson, Thomas

1802

Maryland

2

not in Dexter

Kalkman, Charles F.

1803

Baltimore, Maryland

2

687

Kinney, Jacob

1808

Staunton, Virginia

4

603

MacNeal, Neil (2 prints)

1809

Charleston, South Carolina

2

653

Marshall, Thomas

1808

Virginia

2

593

Mayo, Colonel John

1808

Richmond, Virginia

2

599

McHenry, James (5 prints)

1803

Baltimore, Maryland

2

336

Morris, Martha

ca 1796-1810

unknown

2

not in Dexter

Morris, Samuel (2 reproductions)

ca 1796-1810

unknown

2

not in Dexter

Morton, Perez (2 prints)

1807

Massachusetts

2, 4

514

Murray, Mrs. William Vance

ca 1796-1810

unknown

2

not in Dexter

Nicholson, Joseph Hopper (4 prints; 1 negative)

1806

Maryland

2, 4

not in Dexter

Oliver, John

1805

Baltimore, Maryland

2

 

Read, Nathan

1800

Maine

2

439

Reardan, D.

1799

unknown

2

130

Robertson, Thomas Bolling (6 prints)

1808

Virginia

2

614

Rodney, Caesar A.

1800

Delaware

2

28

Rogers, Lloyd Nicholas

1802

Baltimore, Maryland

2

not in Dexter

Sargeant, Governor Winthrop

1802

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

2

300

Smith, Isaac (1 print; 1 reproduction)

1803

Baltimore, Maryland

2

343

Smith, Mrs. Isaac

1803

Virginia

2

747

Smith, John Cotton (3 prints)

1806

Connecticut

3, 4

492

Smith, General Samuel (4 prints)

1800

Baltimore, Maryland

3, 4

454

Sperry, Jacob

1800

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

3

692

Stephenson, James

1806

Pennsylvania

3

475

Sterett, Charles (2 prints)

1804

Baltimore, Maryland

3, 4

346

Street, Charles

ca 1796-1810

unknown

3

Not in Dexter

Tayloe, John

ca 1796-1810

unknown

4

Not in Dexter

Teagel, Elizabeth Custis (reproduction)

ca 1796-1810

unknown

3

Not in Dexter

Trippe, Lieutenant John (4 prints; 1 is affixed to a glass plate)

1809

Maryland

3

21

Tucker, St. George (4 prints)

1808

Virginia

3

590

Turner, Richard

1808

Virginia

4

not in Dexter

Unidentified man (copperplate)

ca 1796-1810

unknown

3

not in Dexter

Unidentified man

ca 1796-1810

unknown

4

not in Dexter

Unidentified woman

ca 1796-1810

unknown

3

not in Dexter

Van Bibber, Isaac

1803

Maryland

4

not in Dexter

Van Cortlandt, Pierre

1796

New York

3

46

Waggoman, Thomas E.

1803

Maryland

3

360

Waggoman, Mrs. Thomas E.

1808

Maryland

3

285

Walter, Mr. (3 prints)

1803

unknown

3, 4

367

Washington, William Augustine (2 prints; 1 silverplate))

1806

Virginia

3

403

Welles, William Hill

1798

Delaware

3

495

Wirt, William

1802

Virginia, Maryland

3

581

Yeaton, William

1807

Alexandria, Virginia

4

532

Series II: Ephemera

 

 

 

 

The St. Memin Collection of Engraved Portraits…of the Corcoran Gallery of Art, brochure

not dated

n/a

3

n/a

Gold Ring with Profile Portrait of Washington by St. Memin, card

not dated

n/a

3

n/a

Chief Justice Marshall, facsimile of large portrait published by William J. Campbell, advertisement (2 items)

not dated

n/a

3

n/a

Series III: Albums

 

 

 

 

Album I

 

 

 

 

Alexander, Henry

1806

Baltimore, Maryland

5

364

Bache, Theophylact

1797

New York

5

68

Badaraque, Thomas

1800

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

5

240

Baldwin, Simeon

1807

Connecticut

5

448

Birch, William

1802

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

5

176

Bordley, John Beale (missing)

1807

Maryland

5

166

Caldwell, Mary M.

1798

Pennsylvania

5

744

Buccanan (Buchanan), J.A.

1803

Baltimore, Maryland

5

351

Brazier, J. Amable

1800

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

5

237

Busti, Elizabeth

1807

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

5

32

Burbeck, Henry

1806

Massachusetts

5

397

Busti, Paul

1801

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

5

293

Caldwell, James R.

1799

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

5

156

Chevalier, John A.

1808

Virginia

5

245

Caldwell, Mrs. Samuel

ca 1796-1810

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

5

not in Dexter

Clinton, Governor George

ca 1796-1810

New York

5

not in Dexter

Coale, Edward Johnson

1804

Baltimore, Maryland

5

338

Clinton, Mrs. George

ca 1796-1810

New York

5

not in Dexter

Dallas, Alexander J.

1801

Pennsylvania

5

138

Davenport, John

ca 1796-1810

unknown

5

not in Dexter

Dearborn, Henry

1805

New Hampshire

5

401

Dayton, Jonathan

1798

New Jersey

5

444

Dorsey, Judge Walter

1804

Maryland

5

337

Dutilh, Catherine M.

1801

Pennsylvania

5

722

Dutilh, Etienne

1801

Pennsylvania

5

299

Dutilh, Elizabeth

ca 1796-1810

Pennsylvania

5

not in Dexter

Dutilh, Edward

1802

Pennsylvania

5

132

Dutilh, Edmund G.

1802

Pennsylvania

5

136

Duponceau, Mlle.

ca 1796-1810

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

5

25

Ducatel, Edmund

1800

Baltimore, Maryland

5

255

Duponceau, Peter Stephen

ca 1796-1810

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

5

not in Dexter

Erskine, Mrs. David

1809

Maryland

5

19

Edwards, Horace Hampton

1799

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

5

694

Erskine, Hon. David

1799

Pennsylvania

5

707

Duvall, Gabriel

1806

Maryland

5

404

Ellicott, J. (J. Helicot)

1804

Baltimore, Maryland

5

344

Foucher,___

1800

unknown

5

267

Kemper, Elizabeth M.

ca 1796-1810

unknown

5

not in Dexter

Kinney, Jacob

1808

Virginia

5

603

St. George, de ___

1800

unknown

5

280

Georges,____

1800

Pennsylvania

5

234

Gilman, Benjamin Ives

1801

New Hampshire

5

706

Gilmor, Mrs. Robert

1803

Baltimore, Maryland

5

284

Gilmor, William

1803

Baltimore, Maryland

5

353

Hart, Abraham

1796

New York

5

90

Jefferson, Thomas (missing)

1805

Virginia

5

441

Hurst, M.D., William

1800

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

5

149

Huger, Benjamin

1805

South Carolina

5

488

Kalkman, Charles F.

1803

Baltimore, Maryland

5

687

Hewson, Eliza

1798

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

5

271

Laight, Edward W.

1807

New York

5

92

Lewis, Joseph

1805

Virginia

5

474

Loir, J.B.

1800

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

5

279

Marks, Hyman

1805

Virginia, Pennsylvania

5

559

Luther, Martin (missing)

ca 1796-1810

unknown

5

not in Dexter

Mayo, Colonel John

1808

Richmond, Virginia

5

599

Album II

 

 

 

 

McHenry, James

1803

Baltimore, Maryland

5

not in Dexter

McIlvaine, Dr. William

1798

New Jersey

5

187

MacNeal, Neil

1809

Charleston, South Carolina

5

653

Mieris,___

1800

unknown

5

170

Morris, Samuel

1798

Pennsylvania

5

165

Morton, Perez

1807

Massachusetts

5

514

Murray, Reverend John

1802

Massachusetts

5

196

Newton, Thomas

1806

Virginia

5

497

Park, Dr. Thomas

1802

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

5

154

Powell, Levin

1800

Virginia

5

462

Read, Nathan

1800

Maine

5

439

Reedy, David

1798

New York

5

79

Reardon, D.

1799

unknown

5

130

Reynolds, John

1802

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

5

177

Robertson, Thomas Bolling

1808

Virginia

5

614

Sitgreaves, Samuel

1798

Pennsylvania

5

460

Sedgwick, L.L.D., Theodore

1801

Massachusetts

5

449

Sitgreaves, William

1798

Pennsylvania

5

113

Smith, Robert

1803

Baltimore, Maryland

5

343

Smith, General Samuel

1804

Baltimore, Maryland

5

454

Smith, Mrs. Robert

1803

Baltimore, Maryland

5

747

Smith, John Cotton

1806

Connecticut

5

492

Games