Views of Alexandroffsky and The Crimea Album - PP127

Collection finding aids of Photograph Collections in the Prints and Photographs Division of the Maryland Historical Society H. Furlong Baldwin Library

ca. 1875

Prints and Photographs Division, Maryland Historical Society
201 W. Monument St.
Baltimore, MD 212101 

Finding aid created by Katherine Cowan with funding from the Andew W. Mellon Foundation, February 2000



Alexandroffsky was the residence built in 1853 by Thomas DeKay Winans (1820-1878) on West Baltimore Street at Freemont Avenue in Baltimore City, razed in 1928. The Crimea was Winans' country house, overlooking Franklintown Road from Leakin Park. Built shortly before the Civil War, Crimea and surrounding property became city owned park land in the 1940s. 

Thomas Winans, the eldest son of Ross Winans, was born in Sussex County, New Jersey and came to Baltimore in ca. 1830 where his father was a machinist/engineer developing equipment for the B&O Railroad. Thomas Winanas also trained as a machinist and soon went to work in the railroad industry, as did his brother William. Sent to Russia by their father in 1843 to work for the Nicolai Railroad, Thomas and William soon gained a contract to complete the railroad from St. Petersburg to Moscow, in partnership with Joseph Harrison, and engineer from Philadelphia. Working in Russia off and on into the 1860s, the Winans brothers and their colleagues made sizeable fortunes from this work. Back in Baltimore, Thomas Winans pursued varied interests, especially mechanical inventions like the Cigar Boat and operated a soup house across the street from Alexandroffsky, which fed as many as 4,000 people daily in the early 1860s. 

In 1847, Winanas married Celeste Revillon, a Russian woman of French and Italian descent, and they had four children. Winans was related by marriage to the family of artist James McNeill Whistler. 

Collection Origin

Gift of Mrs. Reginald Winans Hutton and Miss Celeste Winans Hutton, 1948 (51271).

Scope and Contents

The collection consists of one box with one album containing 17 photographic prints. All images depict Winans' estates Alexandroffsky and The Crimea, ca. 1875. Alexandroffsky views include the house, conservatory, gardens, gazebo, statuary, pond and foundation, varied plant materials, greenhouse, and an image showing men with scythes on the grounds. Views of The Crimea include the house, grounds, springhouse, and waterwheel. There is also a reproduction of a painting showing the Cigar Boat, an invention of Thomas, William, and Ross Winans. 

Note: Related materials found at the Maryland Historical Society: Manuscripts Department - MS916 The Winans Papers; Vertical File of the Prints and Photographs Division; duplicate of the album is held in the Baltimore City Life Museum Collection.

Digital Images

View all digital images available for this collection


The photographs remain in one album.

Container List

1 Album

41 x 49 cm. Brown leather and gilt cover with gold lettering: "Views of Alexandroffsky and The Crimea." 17 photographic prints, ca. 1875.

PP127.1 - Alexandroffsky, garden with eagle sculpture, house in background. 

PP127.2 - Alexandroffsky, view of house with garden and fountain in foreground.

PP127.3 - Alexandroffsky, building with sculpture of human figure.

PP127.4 - Alexandroffsky, general view of house.

PP127.5 - Alexandroffsky, view of house showing semi-circular conservatory and bay, sculptures in foreground.

PP127.6 - Alexandroffsky, sculptures on ground: deer and bust, house in background.

PP127.7 - Alexandroffsky, garden with gazebo and sculptures of human figures, house on right.

PP127.8 - Alexandroffsky, garden with pond and sculpture.

PP127.9 - Alexandroffsky, garden with sculptures.

PP127.10 - Alexandroffsky, garden showing various plant materials.

PP127.11 - Alexandroffsky, grounds showing men with scythes, greenhouse at right, house in background.

PP127.12 - The Crimea, grounds showing trees, building in background.

PP127.13 - The Crimea, house seen from lawn. Copy negative: Z24.1176

PP127.14 - The Crimea, general view of house. Copy negative: Z24.1177

PP127.15 - The Crimea, springhouse. Copy negative: Z24.1178

PP127.16 - The Crimea, waterwheel. 

PP127.17 - Winans' Cigar Boat. Reproduction of painting.