N. Louise Young Manuscript Collection, MS 3137

Finding Aid to the N. Louise Young Manuscript Collection, MS 3137

H. Furlong Baldwin Library, Maryland Historical Society

Collection summary

Title

N. Louise Young Manuscript Collection

Call number

MS 3137

Inclusive dates

1898-1999

Extent

2 boxes

Abstract

Collection of manuscript items related to Dr. N. Louise Young, (1907-1997) Maryland’s first practicing African-American female physician, and her family. The collection includes correspondence, materials related to Dr. Young’s tenure at Provident Hospital in Baltimore, and an assortment of citations and awards presented to Dr. Young for her professional and charitable work. Photographs originally housed with these materials are located in PP283, N. Louise Young Photograph Collection.

Related Collections

PP283

 

 

Administrative summary

Repository

H. Furlong Baldwin Library

Maryland Historical Society

201 W. Monument St.

Baltimore, MD 21218

www.mdhs.org

specialcollections@mdhs.org

Access restrictions

Open to the public without restrictions.

Provenance

No accession information located as of December 2013

Processing note

Processed by Damon Talbot, December 2013

 

 

 

 

Biographical Note

Dr. N. Louise Young

The only daughter of Dr. and Mrs. Howard Young, N. (Nellie) Louise Young (1907-1997) holds the distinction of being Maryland’s first practicing African-American female physician. After completing her undergraduate studies at Howard University in just three years, she advanced to the School of Medicine and gained her degree in 1930. After completing her internship at Freedmen’s Hospital in 1931 and her residency at Provident Hospital in obstetrics and gynecology, Dr. Young was appointed staff physician at the Maryland Training School for Girls in 1933-1940. She also served, for various later periods, as the physician at Morgan State University and Douglass High School.

At Baltimore’s Provident Hospital, she served as a member of the staff from 1940-1950, and also served on the executive committee. She was assistant chief of obstetrics from 1945-1950; chief of obstetrics from 1950-1952; and chairperson of the Provident committee from 1948-1949. This committee raised over $9,000 from the Elks fraternal organization to open the Elks Blood Bank at Provident Hospital.

Dr. Young, like her parents, also supported the right of individuals. She served as a member of the Mayor of Baltimore’s Task Force on Civil Rights. During the Administration of Mayor Theodore McKeldin, she sat on the city’ Hospital Integration Subcommittee. Dr. Young also acted as Maryland’s chairperson of the Committee to Prevent Passage of Voluntary Sterilization Laws, laws similar to what had been enacted against the Jewish population in Nazi Germany.

Alfred Young

The patriarch of the family, Reverend Young was born a slave in Cambridge, Maryland. Emancipated at seventeen in 1864, Young moved to Baltimore whre he soon married Emma Jane Carpenter Sorrell. The couple had fourteen children, ten boys and four girls. Notes from a family history recount that “three of the boys became pharmacists, and seven were musicians. Two of the girls became teachers.”

After an initial period of training, in 1876 Young became a licensed Methodist Episcopal preacher. He would later graduate with a theology degree from Howard Univeristy. Reverend Young served at numerous churches throughout Maryland – from Reisterstown and Lutherville in Baltimore County to Sandy Springs in Montgomery County. His most prestigious appointment, however, was in Baltimore City where he presided over the Sharp Street Memorial Church for two years.

Howard E. Young

The fourth child of Reverend and Mrs. Young, Howard E. Young’s early schooling occurred “wherever his father’s pastorate required.” In 1893 he entered the School of Pharmacy at Howard University and graduated with the degree of Doctor of Pharmacy several years later. Iniitially working in Washington, Dr. Young, “with…a loan of $100 – and with determination and faith” opened Baltimore’s first African-American owned and operated pharmacy in May of 1900. In 1905 he married Estelle Hall. The couple had three children.

Dr. and Mrs. Young were actively involved in the fight for human rights in Maryland. Dr. Young served as the Secretary-Treasurer of the Niagara Movement in Maryland, a precursor organization to the NAACP. Mrs. Young acted as President of Baltimore’s Colored Women’s Suffrage Association.

Estelle Hall Young

Mrs. Young, a native of Georgia, attended Spellman College and the Atlanta University where she was a student of Dr. W.E.B. Dubois. Though originally trained as a schoolteacher, she put aside the profession after her marriage. Estelle Young devoted herself to civic causes in the Baltimore area. According to a biographical sketch, she established the first African-American women’s suffrage club in the United States. As part of this organization’s work, classed were held at Baltimore’s “Colored” YWCA to teach African-American women the political processes involved with voting.

(Information for the biographical note was taken from exhibit labels for an exhibit on Dr. Young held by MdHS.)

Scope and Content

The collection consists of two boxes of manuscript items related to Dr. N. Louise Young and her family. There are a number of certificates and awards presented to Dr. Young for both her professional and her charitable work. Also included are ephemera and other items related to Dr. Young’s career at Provident Hospital. There are also materials related to Howard E. Young and Alfred Young.

Container List

Contents

Dates

Box

Folder

 

 

 

 

Fiftieth wedding anniversary announcement of Alfred and Emma Young

1919

1

1

Photograph of 50 years of service card for Alfred Young

not dated

1

1

Informational pamphlet for Rev. Alfred Young Rev. Alfred Young, 1140 Druid Hill Ave., Fifty-four Years a Members of the Methodist Episcopal Church, Forty-nine Years a Minister.

ca 1920s

1

1

One page biography of Alfred Young by Louise Young

not dated

1

1

Pamphlet for Presentation of the J.M.T. Finney, Sr. Portrait Provident Hospital, Sunday March 12, 1972.  (Dr. N. Louise Young was Co-Chairman of the event.)

1972

1

2

Position Paper: Provident Hospital: A community resource.

not dated

1

2

Letter to Dr. N. Louise Young from the Board of Trustees of Provident Hospital (Harry S. Cummings, Jr. Secretary) dated Aug. 26, 1947. 

26-Aug-47

1

2

Presentation of the Elk Blood Bank to Provident Hospital by the Lodges and Temples of Maryland and the Grand Lodge and Temple of I.B.P.O.E. of W. at Bethel AME Church, Sunday Nov. 2, 1947. 4:00 pm.  Rev. J.E. Reese, Pastor.  Dr. Louise Young served as Chairman of the Executive Committee, and wrote forward.  Pamphlet sponsored by Young’s Prescription Service (Dr. Young’s father’s business)

1947

1

2

Program, The Provident Hospital, Baltimore 17, Maryland, William Berkley Butler Memorial Lecture, Seventh Lecture, 1966,

1966

1

2

N. Louise Young, newspaper clippings

1982-1986, nd

1

3

Letter to Mrs. Howard E. Young from Senator Philips Lee Goldsborough with attached letter to Senator Goldsborough from Dr. W.A. Warfield, Surgeon in Chief at Freedman’s Hospital.  June 12, 1930.  Correspondence in relation to Miss N. Louise Young’s acceptance for an internship at Freeman’s Hospital, including congratulatory remarks from the senator.  

12-Jun-30

1

4

Letter to Mrs. Howard E. Young from Senator Phillips Lee Goldsborough.  Letter acknowledging Mrs. Young’s visit to his office and a request that he attend the Costigan-Wagner Anti-Lynching Bill hearing scheduled for the day of her visit. Goldsborough was a member of the United States Senate Committee on Banking and Currency.

22-Feb-34

1

4

In Memoriam, Robert Lee Jackson, M.D., F.A.C.S. 1894-1974, Feb. 28, 1974, Madison Ave. Presbyterian Church. 

28-Feb-74

1

5

A Christian Service in Celebration of the Life of Grace Losey Grogaard, June 28, 1927- Dec. 21, 1998. 

1998

1

5

Acceptance Speech for the First Annual Clinical Achievement Award, American College of Gastroenterology, Fairmont Hotel, Dallas, Texas, October 27, 1987, Leonidas H. Berry, FACG

27-Oct-87

1

5

Calendar, They Were Our Community, March Funeral Homes, 1999, (Features Maryland African-American Community leaders)

1999

1

5

Howard E. Young, Jr., State of Maryland, Department of Licensing an Regulation Maryland Real Estate Commission, Registration card

1975-1976

1

5

Dr. N. Louise Young, M.D. for Outstanding Achievement in Medicine and Community Service, March 2, 1980 buy Howard University Alumni Baltimore Chapter, plaque

March 2, 1980

1

6

Certificate of Competency from the Maryland Pharmaceutical Association award to Howard E. Young

January 19, 1901

1

7

Commissioner’s of Pharmacy registration for Howard E. Young as a Pharmacist

June 25, 1898

1

7

Certificate/Diploma for Howard E. Young from Washington High School, Seventh and Eighth Divisions.

June 20, 1984

1

7

In Memoriam pamphlet for Howard E. Young, celebrated by Gamma Boulé Sigma Pi Phi Fraternity

February 17, 1946

1

7

Typed copy of the Obituary of Dr. Howard E. Young

October 6, 1945

1

7

Biographical sketch of Howard E. Young

not dated

1

7

Obituary in the Baltimore Afro-American, Oct. 6 1945 Dr. Howard Young Dies at Age of 70 (only continuation of article, first part missing)

October 6, 1945

1

7

William E. Spencer, Certificate and citation from Howard University and the Men's Club of Madison Avenue Presbyterian Church (2 items)

 

1

8

N. Louise Young, Certificates, citations, awards (8 items)

1948 - 1976

1

9

N. Louise Young, Certificates, citations, awards (14 items)

1977 - 1985, nd

1

10

Invitation to Inauguration of Lyndon Baines Johnson as President of The United States of America and Hubert Horatio Humphrey as Vice President of the United States of America on 20th of January, 1965 (includes envelope addressed to Doctor N. Louise Young)

January, 1965

1

11

Certificate of Life Membership, This Certifies that Louise N. Young is a Life Member of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, plaque

October, 1967

1

12

Maryland State Conference of Branches, National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, Award of Honor, Mrs. Estelle Young (signed by President Lillie M. Jackson

not dated

2

13

License by the Board of Medical Examiners of the State of Maryland, Nellie Louise Young

July 16, 1931

2

13

Certificate of the Maryland Board of Commissioners, Pharmacy and Practical Chemistry to Howard E. Young

May 17, 1899

2

13

Procuratores Universitatis Howardinanae in Agro Columbiae (N. Louise Young, Scientiae Baccalaurei Diploma from Howard University

1927

2

14

Procuratores Universitatis Howardinanae in Agro Columbiae (N. Louise Young, Medical Diploma from Howard University

1930

2

15

 

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