MS 3068, Ogden C. Gorman World War II Papers, 1937-2003

Collection Summary:

 

Title Ogden C. Gorman World War II Papers, 1937-2003

 

Creator Gorman, Ogden C. (1921-1992)

 

Call Number  MS 3068

 

Inclusive Dates 1937-2003

 

Bulk Dates 1941-1945

 

Extent 5 boxes, 51 folders.

 

Abstract Gorman’s correspondence, military service records, ephemera and printed materials from his military service during World War II. 

 

 

Administrative Summary:

 

Repository      H. Furlong Baldwin Library

                        Maryland Historical Society

                        201 W. Monument Street

                        Baltimore, MD 21218

                        www.mdhs.org

                        special_collections@mdhs.org

 

 Access restrictions Open to the public without restrictions.

 

Use restrictions Permission to quote must be requested in writing from the Special Collections Librarian.

 

Provenance Gift of Peter Gorman, 2005. 

 

Accession number 7045

 

Processing note David Kaplan processed and created the finding aid for this collection in April 2006.

 

Biographical Note:

Ogden Gorman was born on November 28, 1921 in Annapolis, Maryland to Douglas and Gwendolyn Gorman.  He had three older brothers and one younger brother.  They were Douglas (b. November 16, 1912), Edmund (Teddy) (b. July 25, 1914), Arthur Pue (Petey) (b. January 16, 1917) and Kenneth (Aubrey) (b. April 27, 1924).  All of the brothers were commissioned officers in World War II.

 

Ogden grew up in Stevenson, Maryland. He attended Calvert, Gilman and St. Andrews schools. In 1939-1940, he enlisted in the Royal Canadian Air Force as student pilot as his vision disqualified him from being able to join the U.S. Army Air Force.  In 1942, he then was sent to Vulcan, Alberta to work at the Flight Instruction School.  Soon after he was sent to the Service Flying Training school in Hagersville, Ontario to instruct student pilots, which he does until July, 1943.  After years of training, he organized his flight crew, Squadron 427

 

Ogden Gorman is then sent to the #1 Satellite Station at Gameston.  With his crew, he flew heavy bombers.  On June, 9 1944 he received news from home that his brother Petey was killed in combat in Biak, New Guinea.  In August 1944, Ogden was sent to Junior Officers training course at Cranwell, the R.A.F. Academy.  After finishing this course, he was made Flight Commander of one of the two flights in his squadron with the rank of Flight Lieutenant.  In January 1945, Ogden returns home to Maryland to see his dying father, who passes away on January 22.  Soon after, Ogden is transferred to the United States Army Air Force.  Later that spring Ogden moved to Pampas, Texas with his AAF unit, to practicing flying the B-25.  He had by now attained the rank of captain.  In June 1945, he was demobilized and sent back to civilian life.

 

After the war, Ogden worked for nine years as manager of the United States Alliance branch office in Paris.  After that he worked for Emery Air Freight in Luxembourg.  Eventually Ogden returned to Baltimore and worked for Prudential Alliance, a freight line, from 1965-1970.  And finally he worked for Walker-Wilson Travel Agency as their Vice-President until his death on July 12, 1992.  He was married twice, first to Carol Stettinius from 1947 until her death in 1991, and then to Betsy McLane Fisher until Ogden’s death.  He had four sons: Peter C. Gorman, Ogden P. Gorman, Geoffrey N. Gorman and Mark Gorman and two stepsons: Thomas H. Cover and McLane F. Cover.

 

For more details on the life of Ogden C. Gorman, please see the biography in Series I.

 

Scope and Content Note:

The materials in the Ogden C. Gorman (1921-1992) World War II Papers span from 1937 to 1993 and consist of Ogden Gorman’s correspondence, military service records, ephemera and printed materials.  Most of the materials span from 1941-1945 while Ogden fought in the Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF) and later in the United States Army-Air Force during World War II.  The bulk of the materials is correspondence between Ogden Gorman, his family, and friends.  Principal correspondents include his mother, Mrs. Douglas Gorman; his father, Mr. Douglas Gorman; his brothers: Edmund (Teddy) Gorman, Arthur (Petey) Gorman, and Kenneth (Aubrey) Gorman; and his friends.  There is a lengthy biography of Ogden Gorman written by his son, Peter Gorman (also the donor of the collection).  Ogden Gorman also received several awards after World War II such as Certificates of Appreciation and the Distinguished Flying Cross which are included in the collection. The collection contains other materials such as his military record books; drills and exams with the Royal Canadian Air Force; his mess bills and leave slips; his bombing maps; his postcards of Great Britain; theater and movie flyers; propaganda leaflets; newspaper clippings; his RCAF materials; and his military reunion pamphlets.

 

This collection demonstrates an important part of United States World War II history since it deals with a military family and how its life was altered by having four sons in the military overseas.  It is also important since it shows first hand the difficulties and sacrifices endured during a long war.  An interesting part about this collection is that this family had sons serving both the United States and Canada during World War II.   This collection has rich and valuable information for a researcher because it describes the life of a serviceman and the effect of World War II on his family.

 

Some of the correspondence has been digitized onto CDs kept with the reference file.

 

Series Descriptions:

The Ogden C. Gorman World War II Papers consist of four major series: Biography; Correspondence; Military Service Records and Materials; and Ephemera and Printed Materials.  The papers in this collection range from 1937-1993. 

 

Series I: Biography   1937-1993 (Box 1, Folders 1-5)

This series includes a 12 page biography of Ogden Gorman written by his son Peter Gorman; Certificates of Appreciation and the Distinguished Flying Cross Award, educational records from St. Andrew’s High School and a newspaper obituary after Ogden Gorman died of cancer in 1992. There is also a letter written to Ogden Gorman about a fellow soldier (Field Lieutenant C.P. Herrick) and letters of sympathy written to Betsy, Ogden Gorman’s second wife and to his son Peter Gorman. There are also news clippings and photocopied pictures of Ogden Gorman while in the service. 

 

Series II: Correspondence 1940-1988 (Boxes 1-3)

This series includes correspondence involving Ogden Gorman. 

 

            Subseries 1: Ogden Gorman and his parents 1941-1944  (Box 1-2, Folders 6-18)

            This subseries includes correspondence between Ogden Gorman and his parents, Mr. and Mrs. Douglas Gorman.  Most of this correspondence deals with Ogden’s life in the military and life at home in both Stevenson and Baltimore, Maryland without Ogden and the others off at war.  The bulk of the correspondence is from Mrs. Douglas Gorman to Ogden Gorman.  Also included are prints of digital images of letters from Petey Gorman to Mrs. Douglas Gorman that had originally been sent to Ogden, but were not included in the donation to the MdHS, except in digital formats.  The prints have been re-filed in their original location of with correspondence from Mrs. Douglas Gorman to Ogden Gorman.

 

            Subseries 2: Ogden Gorman and his brothers 1941-1945  (Box 3, Folders 19-20)

            This subseries includes correspondence between Ogden Gorman and his brothers Edmund (Teddy), Arthur (Petey), and Kenneth (Aubrey) Gorman during World War II.  Edmund was an administrator for the Army Air Transport Command stationed in London and attained the rank of major.  Arthur was a 2nd Lieutenant in the Army Air Corps. Aubrey was commissioned as a fighter pilot in the Army Air Corps in May 1944.  They discuss topics such as their military lives and the family at home.  The only brother’s letters that are not included in the collection are Douglas Gorman, who was an assistant military attaché to the American Embassy in Santiago, Chile. 

 

            Subseries 3: Mrs. Douglas Gorman, friends, family to Ogden on the death of Petey Gorman 1944 (Box 3, Folder 22)

            This subseries includes correspondence that Ogden Gorman received from his friends, family and Mrs. Douglas Gorman on Petey Gorman’s being killed in New Guinea.  

 

            Subseries 4:  Ogden Gorman and his friends, 1941‑1949 (Box 3, Folders 23-27) This subseries includes correspondence that Ogden Gorman received from his friends.  This correspondence deals with Ogden Gorman’s service in World War II, his friends’ lives during the war, and some invitations to visit. 

 

            Subseries 5:  Mrs. Douglas Gorman to Edmund (Teddy) Gorman, 1944 (Box 3, Folder 28)

            This subseries deals with outgoing correspondence from Mrs. Douglas Gorman to her son Teddy Gorman during World War II.  Mrs. Douglas Gorman asks Teddy about the war and gives information about herself and the rest of the family.  Copies of these letters were sent to Ogden. 

 

            Subseries 6:  Anita Gorman to Mr. Douglas Gorman, 1942 (Box 3, Folder 29)

            This subseries includes letters from Anita Gorman to her father in-law Mr. Douglas Gorman.  She is the wife of Ogden’s brother Douglas, whose letters are not included in the collection.  She wrote these while Douglas was stationed in Santiago, Chile.

 

            Subseries 7:  Military Correspondence 1941-1949 (Box 3-4, Folders 30-34) 

            This subseries primarily deals with correspondence that Ogden Gorman received from other members of Squadron 427, whom Ogden served with in the RCAF, as well as fellow servicemen who were not in Squadron 427.  The letters primarily ask Ogden how he is doing since he left the RCAF and transferred to the United States Army-Air Force in 1945.  It also includes his enlistment letter into the RCAF in 1941 with a recommendation by a family friend who is a lawyer, and a letter from Flight Lieutenant Babbit to Mr. Douglas Gorman commending Ogden on his service.  There is some 1988 Squadron 427 reunion correspondence in this series. 

 

            Subseries 8:  School Correspondence 1940-1943, (Box 4, Folder 35)

            This subseries includes letters written by Rev. Walden Pell of St. Andrew’s High School to Ogden Gorman from 1940-1943.  These letters mainly commend Ogden on his military service and wish him luck.  In one particular letter Rev. Pell feels that it is unfortunate that Ogden Gorman enlisted and has to fight in a war, but that he probably would have done the same thing in his position.  The tone of the letters is very friendly and after Ogden Gorman was commissioned as an officer, Rev. Pell, along with others at St. Andrew’s, signed Ogden Gorman’s high school diploma.  Ogden had a couple of conditions before he formally graduated, but it seems for the commission Rev Pell decided to give him the diploma anyway.  

 

Series III: Military Service Records and Materials 1940-1945 (Box 4, Folders 31-43)

This series includes Ogden Gorman’s Operations Record Book of secret bombing missions over Germany and German occupied northeastern France; his mess bills for necessities and leisure; his leave slip requests, which were all denied; his handwritten flight engineer notes; his student pilot log book, his pilot flying log book; his transfer papers from the RCAF to the United States Army Air Force as a captain; and some RCAF papers.  There were also some bank statements which included checks written out by Ogden Gorman and some of his deposit slips.

 

Series IV: Ephemera and Printed Materials 1940-1988 (Box 5, Folders 44-51)

This series includes propaganda that was dropped over Germany and England; theater and movie flyers from Baltimore, Washington D.C. and London; RCAF military materials; TEE EEM training manuals with advice and stories; newspaper clippings from the Baltimore Sun and Stars Stripes; Great Britain souvenir blank post cards and small pamphlets; bombing maps; and reunion pamphlets from the Commonwealth Wartime Aircraft Reunion that was held in 1988.

 

 

Container List:

Contents

Dates

Box

Folder

Series I: Biography

1937-1993

 

 

Biography by Peter Gorman

1993

1

1

Awards

1945-1947

1

2

Educational Records

1937-1939

1

3

Obituary and Sympathy Correspondence

1992

1

4

Canadian Volunteer Service Medal and Information

2003

1

5

Series II: Correspondence

1940-1988

 

 

Mrs. Douglas Gorman to Ogden Gorman

1941

1

6-7

Mrs. Douglas Gorman to Ogden Gorman

1942

1

8-10

Mrs. Douglas Gorman to Ogden Gorman

1943

1

11-12

Mrs. Douglas Gorman to Ogden Gorman

1944

2

13

Mr. Douglas Gorman to Ogden Gorman

1941-1943

2

14

Ogden Gorman to Parents

1941

2

15

Ogden Gorman to Parents

1942

2

16

Ogden Gorman to Parents

1943

2

17

Ogden Gorman to Parents

1944

2

18

Petey Gorman to Ogden Gorman

1941-1943

3

19

Aubrey Gorman to Ogden Gorman

1941-1945

3

20

Teddy Gorman to Ogden Gorman

1941-1944

3

21

Mrs. Douglas Gorman, friends, family to Ogden on the death of Petey Gorman.

1944

3

22

Friends to Ogden Gorman

1941

3

23

Friends to Ogden Gorman

1942

3

24

Friends to Ogden Gorman

1943

3

25

Friends to Ogden Gorman

1944

3

26

Friends to Ogden Gorman

1945-1949

3

27

Mrs. Douglas Gorman to Teddy Gorman

1944

3

28

Anita Gorman to Mr. Douglas Gorman

1942

3

29

F/L Babbit to Mr. Douglas Gorman

1942

3

30

RCAF Enlistment Papers

1941

4

31

Squadron 427 to Ogden Gorman

1945-1948

4

32

Fellow servicemen to Ogden Gorman

1945-1949

4

33

Reunion correspondence

1988

4

34

School correspondence

1940-1943

4

35

Series III: Military Service

1940-1945

 

 

Flight Lieutenant Epaulets, RCAF

No date

4

36

Operations record book

1944

4

37

Mess bills and leave slips

1942-1944

4

38

Handwritten flight engineer notes

1943

4

39

Student Pilot Log Book

1940

4

40

Pilots Flying Log Book

1941-1945

4

41

Transfer from RFAC to United States Army- Air Force Papers

1945

4

42

RCAF Drills and Exams

1941-1945

4

43

Series IV: Ephemera and Printed Materials

1940-1988

 

 

Propaganda

1940-1944

5

44

Theater and movie flyers

1944 & undated

5

45

Miscellaneous RCAF publications

1941-1945

5

46

TEE EEM training manuals

1943

5

47

Newspaper Clippings: Baltimore Sun, The Stars & Stripes

1936-1944

5

48

Great Britain Souvenir Cards

1943

5

49

Bombing Maps

1944

5

50

Reunion pamphlets

1988

5

51

 

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