Leonora Jackson McKim Photograph Collection, PP306

Finding Aid to the Leonora Jackson McKim Photograph Collection, PP306

H. Furlong Baldwin Library, Maryland Historical Society

Download a PDF version of the finding aid

Collection summary

Title

Leonora Jackson McKim Photograph Collection

Creator

Leonora Jackson McKim, 1879-1969

Call number

PP306

Inclusive dates

1883 – ca 1942; not dated

Bulk dates

Ca 1890s

Extent

3 boxes

Abstract

This collection consists of photographs related to Leonora Jackson McKim (1879-1969), one of the first female violinists to achieve international acclaim. There are publicity photographs of McKim, photographs of her family, including her husband, Dr. William Duncan McKim, his family, and images of the McKim residence.

Related Collections

MS 1780, Leonora Jackson McKim Manuscript and Ephemera Collection


PP186, William Duncan McKim Photograph Collection

Administrative summary

Repository

H. Furlong Baldwin Library

Maryland Historical Society

201 W. Monument St.

Baltimore, MD 21201

www.mdhs.org

specialcollections@mdhs.org

Access restrictions

Open to the public without restrictions.

Use restrictions

For information about how to purchase digital reproductions and for permission information, please visit the Rights and Reproductions page

Provenance

Gift of the Estate of Leonora Jackson McKim, March 1979.

Accession number

62444

Processing note

Processed by Damon Talbot and Michael Marks, October 2015.

Biographical Note

In a country rich with male violin soloists at the turn of the 20th century, few women achieved similar status. Leonora Jackson McKim was one of those female American soloists to do so, both in the United States and Europe.

Leonora Jackson was born in Boston on February 20, 1879. First Lady Frances Folsom Cleveland, wife of President Grover Cleveland, recognized Jackson’s talent and became her patron. Another of her well-known patrons was industrialist George Vanderbilt.  In addition, she won the Mendelssohn Scholarship in 1887, for a prize worth approximately $90,000 in today’s dollars. The Mendelsohn Scholarship was awarded by the Leipzig Conservatory to support foreign students who studied there. These sources of financial support enabled Leonora to study in Chicago, as well as in Paris and Berlin. Future winners included Ernst Toch, Kurt Weill, and Roman Totenberg (Nina’s father). One of Leonora’s European teachers was Joseph Joachim, a Hungarian violinist of international fame who was a close collaborator of Johannes Brahms. He is considered one of the most significant of the 19th century violinists. Leonora toured throughout Europe and the United States as soloist with the Boston Symphony, the London Philharmonic, and other leading orchestras. Having achieved international virtuoso status, Queen Victoria decorated her with the Victorian Star. Leonora is seen wearing the Star in some her photographs.

Her record of performances is impressive. In the 1900-1901 season alone she played 160 concerts. Upon her marriage in 1915 to Dr. William Duncan McKim (1855-1935), however, she retired from performing except for occasional participation in local musical programs in churches and schools. Her 1774 Stradivarius violin is named for her and is now located in Los Angeles. It had belonged at one time to Joachim, her teacher.

Leonora and her husband were avid supporters of the arts. Their home was often a venue for musical programs, where they also displayed many of their works of art. Upon Dr. McKim’s death, Leonora donated many of their art works to the Smithsonian Institution and the Maryland Historical Society. She died on January 7, 1969.

Scope and Content

The Leonora Jackson McKim Photograph Collection consists of three boxes of 269 photographs related to Leonora Jackson McKim, one of the first female violinists to achieve international acclaim. There are publicity photographs of McKim, photographs of her family, including her husband, Dr. William Duncan McKim, his family, and images of their homes. There are also photographs of Jackson McKim’s musical peers including her violin teacher while in Europe, Joseph Joachim. The violin he passed along to her is today famously known as “Leonora.”

The collection is broken down into three series:

            Series I: Leonora Jackson McKim

This series consists of images of Leonora Jackson as a child and during her career as a violinist up to circa 1900.       .

            Series II: Jackson and McKim Families

This series consists of images of various members of the McKim and Jackson families including Leonora Jackson’s parents and brother, her husband, William Duncan McKim, and images of the McKim residence. A travel album from 1904 contains 163 photographs mostly of Jackson’s travels through Europe.

            Series III: Musicians and Friends

This series contains images of some of Leonora Jackson’s musical peers and friends, including Russian author Olga Novikoff (1842-1925); Ernest Schelling (1876-1939), American Composer and Conductor of the Baltimore Symphony Orchestra, 1935 – 1937; Hungarian Composer Arthur Nikisch (1855-1922); Hungarian Violinist and instructor Joseph Joachim (1831-1907); and George Vanderbilt (1862-1914), one of Jackson's patrons.

Container List

Description

Date

Photographer

Format

Image ID

Box

 

 

 

 

 

 

Series I: Leonora Jackson McKim

 

 

 

 

 

Leonora Jackson McKim at 4 years of age attending kindergarten school in Englewood

1883

Frank F. Leets Studio, Randolph, NY

Cabinet Cards

PP306.01 - .02

1

Leonora Jackson McKim

ca 1890s

Unidentified Photographer

Postcards, Cabinet Card, Photographic Print

PP306.03 - .11

1

Leonora Jackson McKim

ca 1890s

Hana Studios, London

Cabinet Cards

PP306.12 - .024

1

Leonora Jackson McKim at age 15, publicity photograph

1894

Unidentified Photographer

Photographic Print

PP306.025

1

Leonora Jackson McKim, publicity photograph

ca 1900

Unidentified Photographer

Photographic Print

PP306.026

1

Leonora Jackson McKim, publicity photograph

1891

Harrison and Coover, Chicago

Photographic Print, Cabinet Cards

PP306.027 - .031

1

Leonora Jackson McKim, publicity photograph

1905

Elliott & Fry, London

Cabinet Cards

PP306.032 - .034

1

Leonora Jackson McKim

ca 1890s

Unidentified Photographer

Photographic Print

PP306.035

1

Leonora Jackson McKim

1896

J.C. Scaarwachter, Germany

Cabinet Cards (2 autographed by Leonora McKim)

PP306.036 - .040

1

Leonora Jackson McKim

1899

Hermann Ernst, London; S. Rosenow, Germany

Cabinet Cards

PP306.041 - .046

1

Leonora Jackson McKim

ca 1890s

H.S. Mendelssohns Studios, London

Cabinet Cards

PP306.047 - .051

1

Leonora Jackson McKim

1900

Baker Art Gallery, Columbus, OH

Paris Cards

PP306.052 - .056

1

Leonora Jackson McKim wearing the Victoria Star

ca 1900

Unidentified Photographer

Photographic Print

PP306.057

3

 

 

 

 

 

 

Series II: Jackson and McKim families

 

 

 

 

 

Haslett McKim

ca 1880s

Sarony, NY

Cabinet Card

PP306.058

2

The Jacksons in Germany or Austria, with   4 bicycles

1896

Erin Nerung

Tintype

PP306.059

2

Mrs. Jackson and Leonora at Coney Island County Fair

ca 1890s

County Fair Photo Studio, Coney Island

Tintype

PP306.060

2

Leonora Jackson McKim and her brother, Ernest Jackson

ca 1890s

S. Rosenow, Germany

Cabinet Card

PP306.061

2

William Duncan McKim's mother

circa 1887

Mora, NY

Cabinet Card

PP306.062 - .063

2

Leonora Jackson McKim, her brother, Ernest Jackson, and their mother

1891

Harrison, Chicago

Cabinet Card; Photographic Print

PP306.064 - .065

2

Leonora Jackson McKim, her brother, Ernest Jackson, and their mother

ca 1890s

Unidentified Photographer

Photographic Print

PP306.066

2

Leonora Jackson McKim, her brother, Ernest Jackson, and their mother

1882

Unidentified Photographer

Photographic Print

PP306.067

2

William Duncan McKim and Leonora Jackson McKim,

Ca 1915

Unidentified Photographer

Photographic Print

PP306.068

2

William Duncan McKim

ca 1915 - 1935

Unidentified Photographer

Photographic Prints

PP306.069 - .072.1

2

[Unidentifed man - probably William Duncan McKim

September 1879

J. Ludovici's Studio, New York

Cabinet Card

PP306.72.2

2

William Duncan McKim

ca 1915-1935

Unidentified Photographer

Photographic Print

PP306.72.3

2

William Duncan McKim

October 5, 1914

Unidentified Photographer

Photographic Print

PP306.72.4

2

[Leonora Jackson McKim and William Duncan McKim with a dog]

ca 1915-1935

Unidentified Photographer

Photographic Print

PP306.72.5

2

John A. McKim

circa 1886?

Unidentified Photographer

Photographic Print

PP306.073

2

[Unidentified woman - possibly Leonora Jackson McKim]

not dated

Unidentified Photographer

Photographic Print

PP306.074

2

[Unidentified people with William Duncan McKim on right]

ca 1915 - 1935

Unidentified Photographer

Photographic Print

PP306.075

2

[Unidentified people]

not dated

Unidentified Photographer

Photographic Prints

PP306.076 - .077

2

Sagamore Farm

1898

Unidentified Photographer

Photographic Print

PP306.078

2

Newton Road, London, looking toward Westbourne Grove and Whiteleys Store

not dated

Unidentified Photographer

Photographic Print

PP306.079

2

House on Newton Road

not dated

Unidentified Photographer

Cyanotypes

PP306.080 - .081

2

McKim Residence, 1701-18th Street, Washington DC, built in 1905

after 1905

Unidentified Photographer

Photographic Print

PP306.082

2

Chistmas Greetings, Leonora McKim, view of the organ room at 1701 - 18thSt. N.W., Washington DC, residence of Leonora and W. Duncan McKim, 1915 - 1942

ca 1915 - 1942

Unidentified Photographer

Photographic Print

PP306.083

2

Leonora Jackson McKim, her brother, Ernest Jackson, and their mother and father

circa 1880s

Max Platz, Chicago

Paris Card

PP306.084

2

William Duncan McKim and Leonora Jackson McKim, in front of the Sphinx and Pyramid, Egypt

ca 1926-1927

Unidentified Photographer

Photographic Print

PP306.085 - .086

2

John A. McKim

 

Unidentified Photographer

Photographic Print

PP306.087

3

Photograph album, Leonora Jackson, trip to Germany, England, Brazil, and other places (163 photographs)

1904

Unidentified Photographer

Album of Photographic Prints

PP306.088

3

 

 

 

 

 

 

Series III: Musicians and Friends

 

 

 

 

 

George W. Vanderbilt (1862-1914)

1894

Photographie Inalterable, NY

Photographic Print [Inscribed to Leonora Jackson]

PP306.089

2

Joseph Joachim (1831-1907), Hungarian violinist

circa 1890s; 1893

Unidentified Photographer

Postcard; Photographic Print; Photograph of a drawing

PP306.090 - .092

2

Joseph Joachim (1831-1907), Hungarian violinist, taken in the Classroom in Berlin at the Hoch Schule

February 1897

Unidentified Photographer

Photographic Print

PP306.093

2

Olga Novikoff (1842-1925), Russian author

1898

Unidentified Photographer

Cabinet Card [Inscribed to Leonora Jackson]

PP306.094

2

Ernest Schelling (1876-1939), American Composer, Coductor of the Baltimore Symphony Orchestra, 1935 - 1937

circa 1890s

Anthony's, France

Cabinet Card [Inscribed to Leonora Jackson]

PP306.095

2

Prof. Levitz[?]

 

Unidentified Photographer

Photographic Print

PP306.096

2

Arthur Nikisch (1855-1922), Hungarian composer

circa 1890s

Unidentified Photographer

Postcard

PP306.097

2

Prof. Joachim (Joseph Joachim (1831-1907), Hungarian violinist)

Circa 1890s

Unidentified Photographer

Postcard

PP306.098

2

B. Lantner Housla Praha [Images of Orchestra]

1904

Unidentified Photographer

Postcard

PP306.099

2

Gruss aus Café' Passage, Berlin [Image of musicians]

1904

Unidentified Photographer

Postcard

PP306.100

2

Joseph Debroux, violinist

not dated

Unidentified Photographer

Photographic Print

PP306.101

2

[Unidentified woman]

not dated

Unidentified Photographer

Photographic Print

PP306.102

2

Lord Edward Pelham Clinton (1836-1907)

1899

Martin Jacolette, United Kingdom

Photographic Print

PP306.103

3

Games