Francis King Foster Photograph Album of the 1904 Baltimore Fire, PP162

Finding Aid to the Francis King Foster Photograph Album of the 1904 Baltimore Fire, PP162

H. Furlong Baldwin Library, Maryland Historical Society

Download a PDF version of the finding aid

Collection summary

Title

Francis King Foster Photograph Album of the 1904 Baltimore Fire

Creator

Foster, Francis King

Call number

PP162

Inclusive dates

1904

Extent

1 folder; located in medium photographs

Abstract

This collection contains one album of 116 photographs of the aftermath of the 1904 Baltimore Fire taken by Francis King Foster.

Administrative summary

Repository

H. Furlong Baldwin Library

Maryland Historical Society

201 W. Monument St.

Baltimore, MD 21201

www.mdhs.org

specialcollections@mdhs.org

Access restrictions

Open to the public without restrictions.

Use restrictions

For information about how to purchase digital reproductions and for permission information, please visit the Rights and Reproductions page

Provenance

Gift of Barry French, May 2017

Accession number

Acc# 2017-024-LIB

Processing note

Processed by Damon Talbot, June 2017

Historical Note

The Great Baltimore Fire of 1904 in Baltimore began at 10:48 a.m. on Sunday, February 7, 1904 with a fire alarm sounding at the Hurst Building, Liberty Street and Hopkins Place on the south side of German Street (now Redwood Street). The fire would continue until Monday at approximately 5 p.m. The Great Fire was the largest municipal disaster in American history up until that time. The cause of the fire has been speculated as beginning with a discarded cigarette or cigar butt falling through a two-inch hole in a glass deadlight in the sidewalk above the basement of the Hurst Building.

Brisk winter winds spread the fire easily and suddenly, Baltimore’s fire department realized that they would not be able to contain the disaster solely and help from the surrounding area, including Washington, D.C. and Philadelphia, was requested. The fire destroyed 86 blocks and resulted in one direct fatality from the fire and four fatalities from illness attributed to the fire. More than $70 million in property loses were reported. 

Biographical Note

Francis King Foster was born and died in Baltimore (1874-1936). He was a lifetime employee of Consolidated Gas Company, primarily in the Gas Heating Department. He began there at age 18 in 1892 and retired in 1933, at age 59, after 41 years of service.

In April of 1904, just after the Great Baltimore Fire was down to smoke and ashes, Foster was sent into the burnt area to check the gas lines and valves. While inspecting, he photographed the crumpled buildings and streets. He arranged an album of these images.

(Source: Barry French, great grandson of Francis King Foster, biographical sketch)

Scope and Content

This collection consists of one album of 116 photographs depicting the aftermath of the 1904 Baltimore Fire taken by Francis King Foster in April 1904. Photographs numbered PP162.0 - .23 were identified by Francis King Foster; identifications for the remaining photographs were provided by MdHS Senior Reference Librarian, Francis O’Neill, June 2017.

Container List

Image ID

Description

 

 

PP162.0

[Tom Burke's Saloon opposite John E. Hurst Building] [cover photograph]

PP162.1

Ruins of John E. Hurst Building

PP162.2

Hopkins Place Savings Bank - East View

PP162.3

Hopkins Place Savings Bank - Northeast View

PP162.4

Tom Burke's Saloon opposite John E. Hurst Building

PP162.5

Northeast from Baltimore and Liberty Streets

PP162.6

East from Baltimore and Hanover Streets

PP162.7

Gas Company's vault at Charles and Baltimore Street

PP162.8

[Fairbanks Co. Gas Engines 314 North Street, Engine on ruins]

PP162.9

Same as No. 8 showing pump [Fairbanks Co. Gas Engines 314 North Street, Engine on ruins]

PP162.10

South from Charles and Baltimore Streets

PP162.11

Northeast from Charles and Baltimore Streets

PP162.12

Northeast from Charles and Baltimore Streets

PP162.13

Northeast from German and Charles Streets

PP162.14

Baltimore Trust Company - now standing

PP162.15

Baltimore Street East showing B&O Building

PP162.16

East from German and Calvert Street

PP162.17

Northeast from German and Calvert Street

PP162.18

Lombard and Calvert Streets looking northeast

PP162.19

Baltimore and South Streets - Southwest - Cellar of American Building

PP162.20

Northwest from Fayette and North Street

PP162.21

Southeast from Fayette and Holiday Street

PP162.22

New York Loan Co. Safe

PP162.23

Northeast from Baltimore and Holiday Street

PP162.24 - .26

P.E. Church of the Messiah, Gay and Fayette Streets

PP162.27

Looking north from intersections of Gay and Second (Water) Streets

PP162.28

Northeast corner of Gay and Baltimore Streets

PP162.29 - .32

Maryland Institute/Center Market, Center Market Square

PP162.33

Looking southwest from Fayette Street east of Liberty Street (building just left of center is No. 1 South Howard Street)

PP162.34

Looking northwest from intersection of Hanover and Lombard Streets

PP162.35

Unidentified location

PP162.36

Unidentified location

PP162.37

Unidentified location

PP162.38 - 39

Northeast corner of Hanover and Lombard Streets; Lombard Street at right in No. 38; Hanover Street at left in No. 39

PP162.40

Unidentified location

PP162.41

Looking northeast from Hanover Street at German Street

PP162.42

Northeast corner of Charles and German Streets

PP162.43

Looking north along Charles Street from German; Union Trust Building at center

PP162.44

View of (from left to right) Calvert, Maryland Trust and Continental buildings and City Hall from south

PP162.45

Unidentified location

PP162.46

Anderson and Ireland Hardware store, 42-44 East Pratt Street (See also PP301.98

PP162.47 - .48

Maryland Trust (left) and Continental (right) buildings

PP162.49

Maryland Trust Building (Nos. 14 - 18 S. Calvert Street) seen from south-southwest

PP162.50

Unidentified location

PP162.51

Unidentified location

PP162.52

Unidentified location

PP162.53

Unidentified location

PP162.54

Looking northwest from Lombard Street just west of South Street; ruin at right is west end of Farmers and merchant Banks, 44 -50 South Street, while tall white building at center is Maryland Trust building, 14 - 18 S. Calvert Street

PP162.55

Looking almost due east along Water/Second Street from Calvert Street; buildings from left to right are Fireman's Insurance, Merchants National Bank and Farmers and Merchant Bank

PP162.56

Looking northwest from Lombard Street just west of South Street; ruin in foreground is Farmers and Merchant National Bank, with white building to its left being Merchant National Bank; crenellated dark building at left, Fireman's Insurance Company, northeast corner of South and Water Streets

PP162.57

Farmers and Merchants National Bank, 44-46 South Street; Northwest corner of South and Lombard Streets from southeast

PP162.58

Fireman's Insurance Company building, Nos. 25-27 South Street; Northeast corner of South and Water/Second Streets, from southwest

PP162.59

Merchant's National Bank, Nos. 301-305 Water/Second Street, seen from southwest (See also PP162.103)

PP162.60

Unidentified location

PP162.61

Unidentified location

PP162.62

Savings Bank of Baltimore (Northeast corner of Gay and Water (Second) Streets

PP162.63

Ruins of Rialto building, nos. 401-411 Water/Second Street, seen from south; Chamber of Commerce building, nos. 400-402 Water/Second Streets, immediately behind it

PP162.64

Looking north up Holliday/Commerce Street from Pratt Street; buildings at center are at Water/Second Street intersection

PP162.65

Unidentified location

PP162.66

Unidentified location

PP162.67

Pratt Street power plant seen from the southwest

PP162.68

Looking northwest from just east of intersection of Lombard and Market space; structures (left to right_ are: U.S. custom house constructs with Maryland National and Continent buildings looming behind it; Bank Baltimore building with ruins of Chamber of Commerce building looming behind it; tower of U.S. Post Office and dome of Baltimore City Hall

PP162.69

Unidentified location

PP162.70

Fish Market Space looking north

PP162.71

Unidentified location

PP162.72

Unidentified location

PP162.73

Unidentified location

PP162.74

Unidentified location

PP162.75

Unidentified location

PP162.76

Unidentified location

PP162.77

Unidentified location

PP162.78

Looking east-northwest along Baltimore Street from Liberty Street, showing (from left to right) Union Trust, Herald Calvert/Equitable , B&O, Continent and Maryland Trust buildings

PP162.79

Looking east-northwest along Baltimore Street from Liberty Street, showing (from left to right) Union Trust, Herald Calvert/Equitable , B&O, Continent and Maryland Trust buildings

PP162.80

Looking east-northwest along Baltimore Street from Liberty Street, showing (from left to right) Union Trust, Herald Calvert/Equitable , B&O, Continent and Maryland Trust buildings

PP162.81

Looking east along Fayette Street from St. Paul Street, Calvert Building at center, with mass at left consisting of side of Herald building and U.S. Post Office

PP162.82

Looking northwest from intersection of Charles and Baltimore Streets, Union Trust at center

PP162.83

Unidentified location

PP162.84

Looking south down Light Street from Baltimore Street; Carrollton Hotel at center

PP162.85

Looking southwest from Fayette Street at B&O Railroad building (center) of Equitable building (right)

PP162.86

Looking east along Fayette Street from Charles Street; Calvert building at center, with Equitable building east of it

PP162.87

Unidentified location

PP162.88

Baltimore American (southwest corner of Baltimore and South Streets)

PP162.89

Looking southwest from intersection of Baltimore and South Streets; Safe Deposit building (on South Street) at center

PP162.90

Looking northwest from Centre Market space south of Baltimore Street

PP162.91

Looking southwest from North Gay Street above Baltimore Street gutted building at left is Chamber of Commerce (from the rear)

PP162.92

Unidentified location

PP162.93

Looking northwest from Baltimore and South Streets; City Hall at right

PP162.94

Unidentified location

PP162.95

Looking northwest from Centre Market Space at Lombard Street

PP162.96

Unidentified location

PP162.97

Unidentified location

PP162.98

View of interior of Anderson and Ireled Char[?]) (See PP162.46)

PP162.99

Unidentified location

PP162.100

Ruins of Gambrill Mfg Co's Patapsco Mill B (south end of Smith's Wharf) seen from southwest; United Railways power plant on O' Donnell's Wharf at right

PP162.101

Unidentified location

PP162.102

Looking due east by Water/Second Street from Calvert Street. Merchants National Bank at extreme right with spire Fireman's Insurance Company to its left (north) behind spire, front of Chamber of commerce building (NE corner of Water/Second and Holliday Street) is visible. Blocking view of west side of Fireman's Insurance is rear of Bank of Commerce (22-28 South Street) with Nos. 15-19 South Street (See PP162.16 and .12 South Street to its left

PP162.103

Looking east down Water/Second Street from Calvert Street. Merchants National Bank (301-307 Water Street corner South) at Center with Fireman's Insurance Co. (25-27 South) to its left (with Spire) blocking Fireman's Insurance to rear of National Bank and Commerce (22-28 South Street) Tower and far right is elevator shaft of No. 35-39 South Street (corner of Exchange Place)

PP162.104

Unidentified location

PP162.105

Unidentified location

PP162.106

Unidentified location

PP162.107

Unidentified location

PP162.108

Unidentified location

PP162.109

Unidentified location

PP162.110

Unidentified location

PP162.111

Looking southeast from south side of U.S. Post Office; J.S. Gitty's & Co. (23 Guilford Avenue) at left. Rear of Chamber of Commerce at center

PP162.112

Unidentified location

PP162.113

Looking south from intersection of Light and Lombard Streets

PP162.114

Unidentified location

PP162.115

Baltimore Herald (301-307 St. Paul Street) seen from southwest; U.S. Post Office in background

Games