Charles Chaney Collection - PP93

Collection finding aids of Photograph Collections in the Prints and Photographs Division of the Maryland Historical Society Library


Prints and Photographs Division, Maryland Historical Society
201 W. Monument St.
Baltimore, MD 21201


Finding aid created Katherine Cowan with funding from the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, August 1999



In the early 20th century, the choices were many for people wishing to make holiday excursions by train in the mid-Atlantic region. From Baltimore, among the available train routes were the Philadelphia, Wilmington and Baltimore (PW&B) Railroad and the B&O Railroad. The PW&B Railroad, absorbed into the Pennsylvania Railroad system in 1902, ran north from Baltimore through Maryland towns in Harford and Cecil Counties, and through Delaware to Philadelphia, Pa. The B&O Railroad departed Baltimore from Camden and Mt. Royal Stations with trains to New York, Washington, or out to the mid-West via West Virginia, making plenty of local stops at small towns including Relay on the Patapsco River in southern Baltimore Co.

On the Northern Central Railroad, one could head north of Baltimore to stations at Cylburn, Brightside, Woodberry, Mt. Washington, Lake Roland, Ruxton, Lutherville, and Timonium. Other branches turned toward Phoenix, Monkton, White Hall, and Parkton, or Walker, Blue Mount, Bentley Springs, New Freedom, Shrewsbury, Glatfelter, and on to York and Harrisburg, Pa. The Northern Central Railroad ran special trains to Timonium, Md. when the State Fair was in progress every year in August, and thousands of people would depart for this event from the Calvert Station, which stood on the site of the Sun offices at Centre and Calvert Sts.

Charles Chaney was evidently a train enthusiast, in that he not only traveled by train but also focused his camera on specific train engines, identifying them by type or name in his album: the "big double-header" excursion train on the B&O Railroad, or the NCR Railroad (engine) #3119. He knew, in some cases, the train’s history; for example, that NCR #3119 was President McKinley’s funeral train. Chaney may have been an employee of the B&O or Pennsylvania Railroad, possibly working out of New York.

Collection Origin

Gift of Robert M. Vogel, 1984 (001044).

Scope and Contents

The collection consists of 1 album containing 42 photoprints, of which 40 are gelatin silver prints and 2 are cyanotypes. Titled "Vacation Memories, Summer ‘02", the album documents a vacation by Charles Chaney in August of 1902, with scenes in Washington, D.C., Maryland, Virginia, and West Virginia. Specific locations include Woodberry, Lake Roland, and Hollins in Maryland, Harper’s Ferry, W.Va., and Mt. Vernon, Va. Many of the photographs depict trains and locations accessible by train, with several specific train engines identified, and one photo depicts an old horse car.


The photoprints remain in the album.

Container List

1 Box

Box 1: 1 Album

15 x 20 cm. 42 photoprints, 1902.

PP93.1 – Northern Central round house, Baltimore.

PP93.2 – Pennsylvania Flier for New York, leaving Union Station, Baltimore.

PP93.3 – New York train approaching Union Station, Baltimore.

PP93.4 – Local train at Union Station, Mt. Royal Station in background, Baltimore.

PP93.5 – Big Northern Central freight engine at Mt. Vernon, Baltimore.

PP93.6 – Baltimore Motor pulling a B&O freight train in the distance, at Mt. Vernon, Baltimore.

PP93.7 – Scene in Druid Hill Park, Baltimore.

PP93.8 – Woodberry, W from Druid Hill Park, Baltimore.

PP93.9 – Woodberry, E from Druid Hill Park, Baltimore.

PP93.10 – Lake Roland and Northern Central Railway at Hollins, Md.

PP93.11 – Scene near Hollins, Md.

PP93.12 – Lake Roland, near Hollins, Md.

PP93.13 – Lake Roland, near Hollins, Md.

PP93.14 – Unidentified man at Hollins, Md.

PP93.15 – Unidentified men, "Country refreshments after a long tramp".

PP93.16 – Woodberry from Druid Hill Park, Baltimore.

PP93.17 – Duck pond in Druid Hill Park, Baltimore.

PP93.18 – In the rear of Druid Hill Park, Baltimore.

PP93.19 – "Double-header" freight train on the Northern Central, back of Druid Hill Park (Clipper Mill), Baltimore.

PP93.20 – Scene near Woodberry, Md.

PP93.21 – Big Lake in Druid Hill Park, Baltimore.

PP93.22 – Big "double-header" excursion train, on the B&O Railroad, Washington, D.C.

PP93.23 – Big "double-header" excursion train, on the B&O Railroad, Washington, D.C.

PP93.24 – Harper’s Ferry, Va. and John Brown’s Monument.

PP93.25 – At Harper’s Ferry, the Potomac, and Maryland Heights.

PP93.26 – Potomac River at Harper’s Ferry, W from Maryland side.

PP93.27 – People beside train, "Goodbye to Martinsburg, W. Va.".

PP93.28 – Horse car at Powhatan, Md., "A relic of antiquity".

PP93.29 – B&O Railroad at Relay, Md.

PP93.30 – Vista of the U.S. Capital through Maryland Ave., Washington, D.C.

PP93.31 – U.S. Capitol, Washington, D.C.

PP93.32 – Congressional Library, Washington, D.C.

PP93.33 – Pennsylvania express engine, PW&B Railboad #36, Washington, D.C.

PP93.34 – George Washington’s mansion, Mt. Vernon, Va.

PP93.35 – Potomac River and Maryland from Mt. Vernon, Va. (cyanotype).

PP93.36 – George Washington’s tomb, Mt. Vernon, Va.

PP93.37 – One of the engines which hauled Pres. McKinley’s funeral train, NCR Railroad #3119, at Baltimore.

PP93.38 – Excursion train at Baltimore County Fair Grounds, Timonium, Md.

PP93.39 – Balloon Ascension at the Fair Grounds.

PP93.40 – Men and boy at table, "The end of vacation, refreshments and music".

PP93.41 – Group with musical instruments, "The end of vacation, refreshments and music".

PP93.42 – Unidentified train engines, seen from above (cyanotype). © 2001 Maryland Historical Society - ALL RIGHTS RESERVED
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