Carroll-Maccubbin Papers, 1644-1888, MS. 219

Carroll-Maccubbin Papers, 1644-1888
Maryland Historical Society


(Text converted and initial EAD tagging provided by Apex Data Services, March 1999.)

Carroll-Maccubbin Papers, 1644-1888
Maryland Historical Society

Contact Information:
Manuscripts Department
Maryland Historical Society Library
201 West Monument Street
Baltimore MD 21201-4674
Fax: 410.385.2105
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Descriptive Summary

Register of the Carroll-Maccubbin Papers

MS. 219

Maryland Historical Society

Baltimore MD 21201-4674


Cynthia H. Requardt

August 1979



The material in the Carroll-Maccubbin Papers, MS. 219, falls into two categories: the Baltimore Company records and the financial papers of the James [Maccubbin] Carroll family.

The Baltimore Company was an iron works in Baltimore County. It was founded in 1732 and operated until [1775?] although records relating to the disposition of the company property are dated as late as 1806. The records consist of land papers, minutes, correspondence, financial records, and memoranda.

James [Maccubbin] Carroll inherited Mount Clare in Baltimore County from his uncle Charles Carroll, Barrister. His papers and those of his sons, James, Harry D. G., and Charles R. Carroll pertain largely to the management of their properties.



The Carroll-Maccubbin Papers were given to the Maryland Historical Society in 1932 by Miss Ludlow Carroll Willet. The papers consist of two types: the records of the Baltimore Company and the papers of the James [Maccubbin] Carroll family.

The Baltimore Company records came to James [Maccubbin] Carroll through his uncle Charles Carroll, Barrister. It was in order to inherit the Barrister's estate that James Maccubbin took the name of Carroll.

The Baltimore Company Records became separated once in the Maryland Historical Society. The majority of the records for the years 1734-37 were silked and bound as a project of the Maryland Society of the Colonial Dames of America from 1952 to 1954. This portion of the records was then inadvertantly catalogued as a separate collection, MS. 65. The Baltimore Company Records in MS. 65 and MS. 219 must be used together. Since the records in MS. 65 have been cited separately, it was decided not to re-integrate them.


Series Description

Land Papers


The land papers consist of land deeds, indentures, surveys, memoranda, extracts of court proceedings, copies of wills, and occasionally letters. They are grouped by County and then arranged chronologically. These papers should be used in conjunction with the land papers in MS. 220, the Carroll McTavish Papers and in MS. 65, the Carroll-Maccubbin Collection of Baltimore Company Records.

The land papers appear to have been collected for three different purposes. There are papers relating to land owned by Charles Carroll of Annapolis, and to land acquired for the Baltimore Company by Charles Carroll of Annapolis, Benjamin Tasker, Daniel Dulany, Dr. Charles Carroll, and Charles Carroll, Barrister. The third group of land papers related to land acquired by

James Carroll (formerly James Maccubbin) largely through the estate of his uncle Charles Carroll, Barrister. Originally the land papers were probably bundled together based on these three groupings, but it would have been difficult to reconstruct these groupings. The parchment land documents have been filed separately from the papers ones in Boxes 1-3.



Anne Arundel County


Most of the land in Anne Arundel County in this collection appears to have been acquired by Charles Carroll, Barrister, or his brother-in-law Nicholas Maccubbin. The records date from 1659 to 1826. There are some papers relating to land owned by Charles Carroll of Annapolis. Tracts of land mentioned in these papers are: Baldwin's Addition, Batchelor's Hope, Cromwell's Inheritance, The Farme, Hazelnut Ridge, Hockley, Howard's Inheritance, Mary's Mount, Roper's Neck, Sparrow's Rest, Squirrel Neck, and Warner's Neck.

There are five land records (1727-37) that belong with these in MS. 65.




Baltimore County


The land in Baltimore County was largely that acquired for the Baltimore Company, although there are papers pertaining to Charles Carroll, Barrister's estate, Mt. Clare and Charles Carroll of Carrollton's property, Rochester. The papers date from 1661-1827, n.d. Tracts of land mentioned include: Brother's INheritance, Colgate, Come by Chance, Howard's Chance, Howard's Discovery, Kinsey's Choice, Land of Goshen, Ludlow's Lot, Mill Haven, Mt. Clare (Georgia), New Town, Parrish Range, Rich Neck, Rochester, Roper's Increase, United Friendship, and Walnut Neck.

There are fourteen land records (1703, 1730-36) that belong with these which are in MS. 65.




Calvert County


There are ten documents (1685-1743) relating to Calvert County. All are parchment.




Cecil County


The few items (1700-89, n.c.) relating to Cecil County deal mainly with Bohemia Manor, Quigley's Grove, and Vulcan's Rest.




Charles County


The one paper document (n.d.) of land in Charles County deals with Westwood. It is a document describing the court case Carroll v. Eskridge which relates to the Carroll claim in St. Mary's County.




Frederick County


Many of the Frederick County papers (1740-99) deal with Carrollton. There are two rent rolls for Carrollton Manor (1771, 1777) and some receipts for work done (1772).




Prince George's County


Lands described in these papers (1651-1796) include Carrollsburgh and its inclusion in the District of Columbia.




St. Mary's County


These papers (1652-1775, 1825) deal with the dispute by the Carroll family over ownership and rents of lands in St. Mary's County. Included are indentures, copies of wills and court proceedings, and papers relating to uncollected rents including statements by tenants concerning their payment of rents. The rent papers (1748-49, n.d.) are filed separately after the legal papers.




Talbot County


The few items (1679) from Talbot County deal with Poplar Island.





Baltimore Company Records


This series consists of the letters (1732-75, 1779-1806), minutes (1732-75), and financial accounts (1730-34, 1786-99) of the Baltimore Company. It is not known if these were the complete records, but these appear to have been the records kept by Charles Carroll of Annapolis, one of the partners in the Baltimore Company. the records concerning the running of the Baltimore Company date from 1730 until 1775, although this series includes material as late as 1806 which appears to deal with the disposition of Baltimore Company lands.

As mentioned in the Provenance statement, a portion of the early Baltimore Company records were separated and made a collection unto themselves, MS. 65. It consists of letters (1730-37) and financial records (1731-37). This series will attempt to describe the records in both MS. 219 and MS. 65.

The Baltimore Company was formed in 1731 for the purpose of producing pig and bar iron in Baltimore County.

For more details see Johnson, Keach, The Genesis of the Baltimore Ironworks, Journal of Southern History (1953): 157-79

The original partners were Benjamin Tasker, Daniel Dulany, Dr. Charles Carroll (1691-1755), Charles Carroll of Annapolis (1702-82), and Daniel Carroll of Duddington (1707-34). Before production of iron could begin land was needed, and many of the papers in the Land Papers Series of this collection deal with acquiring land for the Baltimore Company. The acquisition and maintenance of company land took up a great deal of time during the life of the Company, as well, and company lands were discussed almost as often in the letters as was the management of the iron works and the sale of iron.

While acquiring the land in the 1720s and 1730s, the partners of the Baltimore Company researched the methods of iron production and ironworks management. They

wrote to other iron producers for advice and the answers are in the letters for 1732-37, as well as the letters (1730-37) in MS. 65. The financial records for the 1730s also contain information on the plans for production and the building of the ironworks as do the minutes for these years. The financial records in MS. 65 also have much information on the plans for production, and there are drawings for a furnace, forge, and a wheel in MS. 65 (vol. II: 37-40). There are items relating to the partners' role in setting up the iron works. There are memoranda on the construction of an ironworks in Box 6 of MS. 219 and one in MS. 65, vol. I: 43. Another is entitled Things to be performed by Dr. Carroll if agreed with as manager, and there is a list of lands to be conveyed by D[aniel] Carroll. These are filed in Box 6, MS. 219.

Tha major concern of the Baltimore Company partners during the life of the Company was the management of company lands, the supplying of the ironworks with both raw materials and supplies for the workers, and the sale of the iron in England. These are the topics of the letters and financial records from the 1730s until 1775 in both MS. 219 and MS. 65.

The partners received reports and financial statements on the operation of the ironworks from the various managers at the ironworks: Stephen Onion letters (1734-37, MS. 65 and 1737-38, MS. 219), Alexander Lawson letters (1736-37, MS. 65 and 1737-48, MS. 219), and Richard Croxall letters (1746-69, MS. 219). One aspect of management mentioned often in the Company letters and financial records is the employment of Negroes and servants. The papers concerning workers to begin the ironworks are filed in a separate series, Employee Records, in Box 6 of MS. 219 and in vol. I: 86 and III: 18, 42-43 of MS. 65. These include lists (1731-33) of Negroes, owned by Charles Carroll, Daniel Carroll, and Daniel Dulany and Benjamin Tasker who were to work at the ironworks. Also included is a list of Negroes at the ironworks from the same period. There are two labor contracts

(1731, 1732) for work to be done for the Baltimore Company, and a list (1734) of employees of the Baltimore Ironworks which includes both name and type of work performed. A list of taxables belonging to the Company in 1733 is in MS. 219, Box 6, and a list of taxables in 1736 is in MS. 65, vol. II: 54.

Further mention of workers is found in the letters from the resident managers to the company partners and in the financial records which have the bills for work done for the company in both MS. 219 and MS. 65. There is also and extract of an address (1758) by Governor Horatio Sharpe concerning the duty on imported servants. This in filed with the correspondence for 1758 in MS. 219.

The Revolutionary War interrputed the operation of the Baltimore Company, and it does not appear to have resumed operation. The disposition of Company property among the partners' heirs took some time, and it is assumed that the remaining records (1779-1806) deal with this. However, some of these later records could deal with the personal property of Charles Carroll of Carrollton and may not be connected with the Baltimore Company.

In 1786 John Merryman, the Commissioner for the Baltimore Company, submitted a volume with accounts of the sale of Company property. This may have been the final accounting of the Company. It is in Box 8 with the 1786 financial records. The remainder of the letters (1782-1806) and financial records (1787-99) deal almost exclusively with the disposition by Charles Carroll of Carrollton. Most of the surveys and sales were performed by Cornelius Howard for Carroll and included the following lands: lots in Baltimore Towne, Coles Harbor, Todd's Range, Howard's Discovery, and especially Rochester. As mentioned before it is not clear if Carroll was acting for the Baltimore Company or for himself.




Charles Carroll (1660-1720) Papers


The one item in this collection relating to Charles Carroll the Settler is a list of the land patents he held at his death. The information was compiled in April 1723. The volume lists the name of the previous owner and the amount, name, and county location of the land. It is in Box 9 and should be used in conjunction with Carroll's estate account book (MS. 220, Box 1) and the Land Papers in MS. 219 and MS. 220.




Charles Carroll of Annapolis (1702-82) Papers


Most of the papers relating to Charles Carroll of Annapolis in this collection are those found in the Land Papers Series, and the Baltimore Company Records. Carroll was also the executor of his brother Daniel Carroll of Duddington's estate and a few papers relating to this are in Box 9. Carroll was appointed trustee for Daniel's children to handle the estate until the children, Charles Carroll of Duddington, Mary, and Eleanor Carroll, came of age. Charles charged his uncle with mismanagement of the estate, and the items in this collection relate to Charles' charges. There are letters (1757) between Charles Carroll of Duddington and his uncle as well as some accounts (1768-95) of the settlement. Other materials relating to this case are found in MS. 214, Charles Carroll of Annapolis Letterbook, and in MS. 220, Carroll-McTavish Papers.




Charles Carroll of Carrollton Papers


Papers pertaining to Charles Carroll of Carrollton are found both in the land papers and the Baltimore Company Records in this collection. In the land records are papers pertaining to Carrollton Manor. Field with the Baltimore Company correspondence (1785-1806) are letters between Carroll and Cornelius Howard concerning the survey and sale of land. It is not clear if these papers relate to Baltimore Company land or Carroll's personal preperty. He

also was responsible for finally settling Charles Carroll of Annapolis' dispute with his nephew, Charles Carroll of Duddington. These accounts are in Box 9 with the Daniel Carroll of Duddington estate papers. The only other items relating to Charles Carroll of Carrollton are his expenses incurred while studying abroad (1751-62) and two letters (1822, 1823) concerning tenants in Catonsville.




Richard and Mary [Carroll] Caton Papers


The papers in this collection that belonged the Richard Caton and his wife Mary [Carroll] Caton pertain to their finances. Richard Caton often invested in new companies. Two of these were the Alum and Copperas Company of Cape Sable and the Carroll White Sulphur Spring Company. Caton was the President of the Alum and Copperas Company, and there are about thirty items (1816-25) relating to the organization and operation of the company. These are in Box 9. Caton was also the first subscriber to stock in the Carroll White Sulphur Springs Company, a medicinal resort to be set up in Allegany County, Maryland. In Box 9 is a list of stock subscribers and a circular describing the future resort. There are also a few papers (1838) concerning the management of James Nielson's estate.

In Box 9 is also a letterbook (1844-48) of James H. Stimson while he acted as attorney for Mary [Carroll] Caton. She was the daughter of Charles Carroll of Carrollton, and her estate was quite complicated. These letters refer to business transactions involving her estate. There is one deed (1837) for land in Washington County acquired by the Catons from William B. Carroll. More papers relating to William Carroll's debt to estate are in MS. 220.




Maccubbin / MacKubbin Papers


Nicholas Maccubbin [d.1787] was the son-in-law of Dr. Charles Carroll (1691-1755), having married his only daughter Mary Clare Carroll. Most of the Maccubbin papers in this collection relate to the son of Nicholas and Mary Clare [Carroll] Maccubbin, James Maccubbin (1762-1832), who changed his name to James Carroll. His papers are discussed separately. This collection does have the will (1784) of Nicholas Maccubbin, as well as some papers of a George MacKubbin, and a Dr. Richard C. MacKubbin. All are in Box 9.

George MacKubbin's relationship to Nicholas Maccubbin is not clear. His few papers (1796-1842, ca. 30 items) relate to his administration of the estates of Thomas H. Bowie and William Kilty. Two items (1837 and 1841) do relate to the finances of Maryland, and this George MacKubbin may be the George MacKubbin (d. 1853) who was the Treasurer of Maryland. Nothing is known of Dr. Richard C. MacKubbin. The four items (1853-60) in Box 9 relate to property he owned in Allegany County, Maryland.




James Carroll (1762-1832) Papers


James Carroll was the son of Richard and Mary Clare [Carroll] Maccubbin. He changed his name to Carroll in order to inherit the estate of his uncle, Charles Carroll, Barrister, and most of his papers (1810-32, n.d.) in this collection relate to his property. Property inherited from either his uncle or his father, Nicholas Maccubbin, here mentioned is Sparrow's Rest, Sparrow's Addition, Squirrel Neck and Hayland in Anne Arundel County, and Mt. Clare, Mill Haven, and Millington in Baltimore County. There was a dispute over his ownership of Mt. Clare, the estate he inherited from his uncle, Charles Carroll, Barrister. James' case is recorded in a volume (1829) entitled The Mount Clare Cause, which is in Box 12. Other topics discussed in Carroll's papers

Dr. Charles F. Wiesenthal's appointment as Surgeon General for the state of Maryland in 1777 (1823, 1827) and Carroll's French spoiliation claim from 1810 (1830, 1832).

James Carroll was the executor for the estate of his father-in-law, Harry Dorsey Gough and for John Robert Holliday. Their estate papers are in Box 9.




James Carroll, Jr. (1791-1873) Papers


James Carroll, Jr., was the son of James and Sophia [Gough] Carroll. His few papers (1808-73, ca. 50 items) relate to the management of property and his political aspirations. There are several items relating to leasing part of the Clare property for brickmaking (1827, 1833, 1840, 1850, 1866, 1871).

During the 1840s the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad negotiated with Carroll for use of part of Mt. Clare as a depot. These items are dated 1844, 1847, and 1849. Carroll was active in Christ Church and collected material by and about the Rev. Henry V. D. Johns. This material dates from the 1850s. Carroll apparently was considered gubernatorial material and wrote his son about this prospect in 1844. This letter is in Box 10. By 1848 Carroll was serving in the Maryland House of Delegates, and there are a few letters concerning political appointments and petitions for a turnpike. There is a letter (1853) from Philip Thomas concerning the possible resignation of [Joshua] Van Sant and the nomination of Carroll for a seat in Congress.

There is an agreement (1870 to lease [Mt. Clare] land to a German recreational group for Schuetzen Park. Two more leases (1876, 1883) regarding Schuetzen Park are in the papers of James Carroll (1817-87) in Box 10.

James Carroll (1791-1873) was the executor of the estate of Charles [Carnan] Ridgely, known as General Charles Ridgely of Hampton. These papers are in Box 10.




Mary [Ludlow] Carroll Papers


Mary [Ludlow] Carroll was the wife of James Carroll (1817-87), Her few papers consist of two bills, a letter of condolence on the death of her husband, and a letter from her son-in-law, J. Alex Preston, while he was at the Sweet Springs resort, 1881. The collection also includes several items relating to Mary [Ludlow] Carroll's parents. There is a letter written by her father Robert C. Ludlow about the navy in 1814, and 2 letters (1820) by her mother Ann C. [Wethered] Ludlow to her husband Robert. There is also an essay written on the death of Mrs. Ludlow. These items are in Box 10.




Charles Ridgely Carroll Papers


Charles R. Carroll (1800-70) was the son of James and Sophia [Gough] Carroll. His few papers (1823-60, ca. 40 items) pertain to the management of property and administration of the estate of Rebecca [Ridgely] Pue (d. 1853).

There are several agreements (1823-46) between Carroll and others to rent property in Baltimore. In 1826 Carroll rented 26 Hanover Street to architect Robert Cary Long. Carroll also owned a brick yard (perhaps the one mentioned in James Carroll's (1791-1873) papers). Memoranda on the number of bricks made in 1834-36 and 1848 are in Carroll's papers.

Papers pertaining to Rebecca [Ridgely] Pue's estate include her will, inventory of the estate, and receipts.




Harry Dorsey Gough Carroll Papers


Harry D. G. Gough was the son of James (1762-1832) and Sophia Gough Carroll. His papers (1835-82, ca. 60 items), like those of his brothers James and Charles, deal largely with the administration of property. Carroll inherited Perry Hall from his grandfather Harry Dorsey Gough. A farm account book (1848-55) is in his papers in Box 11. This has been attributed to Perry Hall but is more likely to be from Summerfield in Baltimore County. There are also documents (1845-51) for

a lot in Baltimore at the corner of Monument Street and Larew Alley.

A large number of Carroll's papers deal with the Carrollton Hotel which opened in 1872. The partners of the Fountain Hotel Company which built the Carrollton Hotel needed access to the hotel from Carroll's property on the south side of Baltimore Street near Light Street. Carroll's papers for 1871 and 1872 include agreements with the Fountain Hotel Company and Robert B. Coleman, proposed proprietor of the Carrollton Hotel. The hotel was designed by Baltimore architects J. R. Niernsee and H. Crawford Nielson, and there are letters between Carroll and Niernsee and Nielson about the connecting structure between Carroll's property and the hotel.


Container List

Box 1

Land Papers (parchment), Anne Arundel County, Md. 1668-1826




Box 2

Land Papers (parchment), Baltimore County, Md. 1661-1740s




Box 3

Land Papers (parchment):



Baltimore County, Md, 1750-85, n.d.




Calvert County, Md., 1685-1743




Cecil County, Md., 1717, 1723




Charles County, Md., 1694, 1717, n.d.




Kent County, Md., 1708




Prince George's County, Md., 1702-72, n.d.




Talbot County, Md., 1644, 1694




Virginia, 1730-31




Box 4

Anne Arundel County, Md., 1659-1825, n.d.




Baltimore County, Md., 1661-1732




Box 5

Baltimore County, Md., 1734-1827, n.d.




Cecil County, Md., 1700-16, 1763-89




Charles County, Md., n.d.




Frederick County, Md., 1740-99, n.d.



Carrollton Manor Rents, 1771, 1777




Carrollton Manor Receipts, 1772





Prince George's County, 1651-1796




Box 6

St. Mary's County, Md., 1652-1775, 1825, n.d.



St. Mary's County Rents, 1748-49, n.d.





Talbot County, Md., 1679




Unidentified, 1687-1759, n.d.




Act ascertaining the bounds of land, 1699




memo re: land laws, n.d.





Baltimore Company Records:



Minutes, 1732-75

1 vol.




Memo re: ironworks (1730s)




Things to be performed by Dr. Carroll if agreed with manager, (1730s)




Lands to be conveyed by D. Carroll, (1730s)




Employee Records, 1731-34, 1740, n.d.




Correspondence, 1732-37




Box 7

Correspondence, 1738-83




Box 8

Correspondence, 1784-1806, n.d.




Financial records, 1730-1800, n.d.





Box 9

Charles Carroll of Annapolis (1660-1720) list of land patents, 1723




Charles Carroll of Annapolis papers re: Daniel Carroll of Duddington Estate, 1754-95




Charles Carroll of Carrollton Papers



Experiences abroad, 1757-62




Letters, 1822, 1823





Fragment re: Penn v. Lord Baltimore, n.d.




Contract re: Pews at St. Ann's Church, Annapolis, 1704




Dr. Charles Carroll contract for sale of Negroes, 1719




Dr. Charles Carroll contract for power of attorney, 1726




John Onion indenture to Thomas Bumfield, 1726




Extracts of proceedings of Baltimore County Criminal Court, 1776-77




Thomas Atwell deposition re: Negro boy, 1813




Richard Caton Papers:



Alum and Copperas Company of Cape Sable, 1816-25, n.d.




Carroll White Sulphur Spring Company, 1838




James Nielson estate, 1838





James H. Stimson letterbook re: Mary [Carroll] Caton estate, 1844-48




Richard and Mary Caton land deed, 1837




Nicholas Maccubbin will, 1784




George MacKubbin papers, 1814-37, 1842




George MacKubbin papers, re: Thomas H. Bowie estate, 1813-23




George MacKubbin papers, re: William Kilty estate, 1796, 1799, 1817-26, n.d.




Dr. Richard C. MacKubbin Papers, 1853-60




James Carroll (1762-1832) papers, 1810-32, n.d.




James Carroll (1762-1832) papers, re: Harry Dorsey Gough estate, 1769-183: n.d.




James Carroll (1762-1832) papers, re: John Robert Holliday estate, 1800




Box 10

James Carroll, Jr. (1791-1873) papers, 1808, 1815-70, n.d.




James Carroll, Jr. (1791-1873) papers, re Gen. Charles Ridgely of Hampton estate




James Carroll (1817-87) papers, 1875-88




Mary [Ludlow] Carroll papers, 1870-88




Ludlow Family papers, 1814-24, n.d.




Charles R. Carroll papers, 1823-1860, n.d.




Charles R. Carroll papers, re: Rebecce [Ridgely] Pue estate, 1851-53




Box 11

Harry Dorsey Gough Carroll papers, 1835-78, n.d.




James Carroll of Charles (1837-95) ticket, 1878




Map of the Battle of Cerro Gorde, Mexico, 1847




Map of the Electorate of Brandenburg, n.d.








Box 12

[Baltimore Company] invoice of goods sent for [1731]




[Baltimore Company] inventory of store goods, 1736




James Carroll (1762-1832), The Mount Clare Cause, 1829

(1 vol.)




James Carroll (1762-1832), The Mount Clare Cause, 1829, transcript





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