Caleb Winslow Collection, 1864-1891, MS 3142

Finding Aid to the Caleb Winslow Collection, 1864-1891, MS 3142  

H. Furlong Baldwin Library, Maryland Historical Society


Collection summary


Caleb Winslow Collection


Winslow, Dr. Caleb (1824-1895)

Call number

MS 3142

Inclusive dates


Bulk dates



1 box, 4 folders, 1 oversize item.


The collection contains various passes and permissions for Dr. Caleb Winslow in Virginia and North Carolina during the Civil War.

Administrative summary


H. Furlong Baldwin Library

Maryland Historical Society

201 W. Monument St.

Baltimore, MD 21201

[email protected]

Access restrictions

Open to the public without restrictions.

Use restrictions

Permission to quote must be received in writing from the Special Collections Librarian.


Transferred from Gallery.

Accession number


Processing note

Processed by Lara Westwood, December, 2013

Biographical Note

Dr. Caleb Winslow was a prominent family physician who practiced in North Carolina and Baltimore, Maryland. Winslow was born on January 24, 1824, to Nathan and Margaret FitzRandolph in Belvidere, North Carolina on Piney Woods Plantation.  While practicing Quakers, the Winslow family owned slaves, which caused his father to be disowned by the community. Throughout Winslow’s childhood, his father continued to expand the farm and purchase slaves and became wealthy.

After attending local schools, Winslow studied at Haverford College in Pennsylvania and graduated in 1842. He decided to go to medical school at the University of Pennsylvania after he fractured his clavicle and became interested in practicing medicine. He finished in 1849 and went on to have a very successful medical career. He became known for his skill in gall bladder surgeries and amputations.

Winslow married Jane Paxson Parry (1829-1910) in 1852 in Philadelphia and returned to North Carolina to live. They had eight children, five of which died in childhood—Randolph (1852-1937), Olive Parry (1855-1860), John Randolph (1856-1860), Nathan (1857-1858), Edward Randolph Parry (1859-1862), Julianna Randolph (1861-1928), Margaret FitzRandolph (1863), and John Randolph (1866-1937).

Winslow did not fight in the Civil War because of his faith and paid for draft exemption. However, he was arrested during the war for alleged involvement in a fight and imprisoned on Roanoke Island. In 1866, Winslow moved to Baltimore to get away from the destroyed South. In Baltimore, he worked as a general physician, but often returned to North Carolina to care for patients and perform gallstone surgery. He died in 1895.

Scope and Content

The collection contains various passes and permissions for Dr. Caleb Winslow in Virginia and North Carolina during the Civil War. The materials are primarily travel passes and permissions to purchase food and supplies for the Winslow family. The purchase permissions are photocopies. Also included is a copy of a poster for the auction of Nathan Winslow’s plantation in North Carolina.

 The documents are arranged by type and date. Some materials have been mounted.

 Container List





Dr. Caleb Winslow Certificate of Oath and Parole

1865, May 17



Dr. Caleb Winslow travel passes




Winslow family purchase permissions




Family supplies pass

1865, February 1



Nathan Winslow plantation auction poster

1891?, October 1