Buckler Family Papers, 1775-1938, MS 2786

Maryland Historical Society
Library of Maryland History


Buckler Family Papers, 1775-1938
Maryland Historical Society

(Text converted and initial EAD tagging provided by Apex Data Services, March 1999.)

Buckler Family Papers, 1775-1938
Maryland Historical Society

Contact Information:
Manuscripts Department
Maryland Historical Society Library
201 West Monument Street
Baltimore MD 21201-4674
Fax: 410.385.2105
[email protected]

Descriptive Summary

Buckler Family Papers, 1775-1938

MS 2786

Maryland Historical Society

Baltimore MD 21201-4674



parlor (1845); medical treatments (1845-1887), including cases of consumption (1845), mental illness (1848), and pneumonia (1849); the importance of the small pox vaccination (1846); importance of his appointment as doctor at the Almshouse for gaining professional knowledge (1846); and the possibility of importing leeches from China (1846). Thomas Buckler was also interested in current affairs. His letters comment on the Mexican War and policies toward privateering and the expanding U.S. territories (1846), the development of the telegraph and Morse code (1846); the possibility of laying an Atlantic Cable (1846); the settlement of California (1848), including descriptions of women and factory girls sent out for wives and labor, and the bad reputation of California merchants.

Baltimore issues dot Thomas Buckler's letters. He commented on the extension of Charles, St. Paul, and Calvert Streets and the accompanying land speculation; the Fourth of July celebration in honor of Maryland's new constitution (1851); and Baltimore business gossip (1851).

William and Thomas Buckler's sister, Elizabeth Buckler (1793-1849), carried on a lively correspondence with her travelling brother, William. Her letters (1845-1848) include news of family, friends and neighbors. Her writing is particularly rich in documenting affairs of the hearth, including tea parties (1847), canning (1848), Thanksgiving (1847), and polka parties (1848); also, arsons and robberies in the neighborhood (1846-1847) and the hourly omnibus on the (Reisterstown?) turnpike. Like her brother Thomas, Elizabeth was also interested in world affairs. She, too, comments on the Mexican War, especially the hardships endured by the soldiers and the exploits of General Zachary Taylor. She predicts that Taylor will certainly go on to the presidency. She also comments on the visiting Chinese delegation in New York, and their opinions of women, and describes the election campaign of 1848.

Fewer letters survive from the other two sisters, Mattie Augusta Lindsay Buckler (1806-?) and Ann Hepburn Buckler Austin (1798-1866). Like their sister, the two comment on activities of family and friends. One letter to Mattie from her pastor, John C. Backus, discusses religion and contributions to the building of a Presbyterian church.

Buckler's niece, Ann Elizabeth Buckler, carried on the family's literary tradition. Her letters to her uncle, William, contain news of family and friends (1847); Mr. Levin H. Dunkin's shipyard (1847); famine in Europe and its positive effect on the Baltimore flour and shipping business (1847); and the Mexican War celebrations (1847).

A few pieces of miscellaneous correspondence highlight the conditions and spirit of post-Civil War Southerners (J. Chester, Jr. to Charles Ridgely, 1865), as well as the social news in Baltimore (Eliza Ridgely Buckler, incoming correspondence, 1849; 1866).

There is one folder of correspondence (1890-1905) regarding Thomas Hepburn Buckler's purchase of a Paulus Potter painting.

Although the bulk of the collection consists of correspondence, there is a small group of real estate and financial material. The real estate documents include land deeds and plats, 1770-1866; a building permit, 1888; a “Map of Baltimore City, showing lands of the Canton Co. and Patapsco Co.,” n.d., and an 1852 appraisal of property belonging to Jane I Buckler. The deeds and plats refer to four properties: Lots 47, 606, and a house on Market Street in Baltimore, and “Parishes Fear” in Baltimore County.

The financial records include shipping invoices, 1840-1850; receipts/bills, 1793-1813, and 1862; an insurance policy, 1829; and a charter for a party of affreightment, 1840.

The genealogical material consists of notes on family history by Helen Ridgely, William H. Buckler's passport, and a brief family tree in an unknown hand.

Related collections

This most recent acquisition of Buckler material complements other collections in the holdings of the Maryland Historical Society. Directly related material includes the Buckler Papers, Ms. 168; the Buckler Account Books, Ms. 166; and the Buckler Autograph Album, Ms. 167. References to, and scattered manuscript material of various Buckler family members appear in the Helen West Stewart Ridgely Papers, Ms. 715 (Eliza Ridgely Buckler); the Ridgely Family Papers, Ms. 1127 (Eliza Ridgely Buckler); the Ridgely-Stewart Papers, Ms. 716 (Eliza Ridgely Buckler); Henry White Papers, Ms. 1461 (Eliza Ridgely Buckler and Thomas Hepburn Buckler); the John Campbell White Papers, Ms. 1005.2 (Eliza Ridgely Buckler and Thomas Hepburn Buckler); and Robert Garrett and Sons, Inc. Papers, Ms. 2089 (William Buckler).


Container List MS. 2786

Correspondence, 1775-1938,

26 folders (includes 1 folder of envelopes).

Real Estate, 1770-1890,

4 folders

Financial Records,

3 folders

Genealogical Material,

3 folders


--Insurance policy, 1829

--Passport, 1870

--Land plat, n.d.

Transcription: Buckler Family Letters

Primarily Ann(e) Elizabeth Buckler

Of Baltimore, Maryland

Dates: 1842 -- 1848

MS 2786

Maryland Historical Society

Baltimore, Maryland

From Photocopies Of The Originals


C. Kay Leeper

524 South Stewart POB 62

Bremen, Indiana 46506

{Numbers} assigned by researcher.

{#1} March 7th

My dear Brother,

We have just heard that a vessel is about to sail from NYork for Batavia. The probability of this finding you there is very small. We feel great anxiety to know how you and Bill have bourne so long a voyage. We are expecting to return to Evergreen in a few weeks. All are well wh Brother Johns and with us. Ann Elizabeth has been in Washington for the last month, expected here tomorrow. It is thought by many that you will not go further than Batavia. If so we may look for you about September. Brother John has been _____ than usual this winter. I suppose he will write. We have had scarcely any winter. Scarcely any ice made and vegetation as f_____ now as in Africa. Tom has had a tedious attack of cola which helped him in his now sane weeks but he is now out again. I could not persuade Sister Eliza to unite. She thinks there is no chance of this being received. I wish we could hear from you. Love to Bill

Your affec sister


{Addressed} William Buckler Esqr

Ship Cincinnati

Canton Recd. July 10 1842

{#2} Tuesday Dec 27th 1842

My dear Uncle,

I received your letter this morning, and hasten to assure you how happy I am at the idea of your coming for us. Indeed one of my chief reasons for wishing to hurry home was to see Wm & yourself. We are enjoying ourselves exceedingly & Mrs. Thattnek is very anxious to have us stay longer, but we both think your arrangement an excellent one so, if perfectly convenient we will be all ready to go on Friday afternoon. Mrs Thattnek says she will be most happy to have you spend a few days with her but I suppose that is impossible. If you have a middle sized trunk that you could conveniently bring on with you it will be a great accomodation to both Liz and myself, our trunks are crammed, & I have bought some books and some few things which I am sure I never will be able to get into it. I take for granted that Bill went directly home, I have not had a letter for a week & know nothing about his movements. Do excuse the shortness of this letter, we have a lady spending the day with us. Lizzie D. & Mrs. Gull send their love. Believe me dear Uncle William your

affectionate niece

My dear Uncle I had finished my letter when Mrs. L. came in and she says I must say that if it is probable you will be detained more than 2 days and if it would be just as convenient for you to come on after you have finished your business & then take us rightthrough to Balt without stopping in New York any longer

than the half day we would be obliged to stay at any rate, & which will be long enough for us to make our few purchases. She would like us to stay with her those few days instead of in New York. Our only pleasure would be to be with you & as you have business to attend to one should see you only at meals. But do not let us interfere with your arrangements. We are only too happy to have you come for us. I want to see you so much. If you do not come on Friday and think this arrangement will suit you better, drop us one line & say what day we will expect you, but I say again do whatever is most convenient without any regard to us.

{Addressed} William Buckler, Esqr

City of New York

{3} Fort Columbus Governors Island August 22

My dear Uncle

Ever since I have been here I have been looking out for a vessel from Canton but as I can hear of none, I thought I would write to you by Overland mail. We (that is Lizzie Frick myself) have been here two weeks, as usual have had a most delightful visit. The island is very gay there being here now about 1800 men. To be sure 800 of them are the California regiment which gives the Col a great deal of trouble As they are volunteers they seem to have no idea of discipline & are continually fighting & deserting, however the Col by letting them see they are under his command and, that he will be obeyed, has got them into some kind of order. The officers are quite gentlemanly but of course very queer. George Pendleton is a Lieut in one of the companies & yesterday saw McHenry Hollingsworth who is also a Lieut. I am sure dear Uncle William that you will be sorry to hear of the death of our kind friend W Handy. He dropped down in a fit of apoplexy & died instantly. He was quite well when he left Cousin Emily in the morning, he went into his office, made some remark to his clerk & instantly fell down & expired. It seems poor man that he has had for some time a presentiment that he would not live long, & made all his arrangements in case any thing should occur. Cousin Emily is in a terrible state, She has not shed one tear, but sits the picture of melancholy looking from the window where she used always to watch for him. Cousin Sarah Carmichael says the least thing will make her burst

out laughing. I consider her entirely out of her mind. Poor thing we all dread the effect of the reaction which must take place. She isn't present at M Oserings in the country, & none of us have seen her as the physician think's she should be kept very quiet. Cousin Sarah Carmichael is with her & will stay until she is better. She & Ann Hemeges spent the day with us last week & are both quite well. I got letters from home yesterday, in which they say they are all quite well. Bill spends the best part of his time between Evergreen & Ms Cauleys I think he had quite recovered from his recent fancy for Ms E.H. of which I am very glad. I went down to Cape May for two weeks in July with S. Poiner his mother & Frank Frick. I took Leslie with us, a _____ I am a child in much unproved in my life. She is positively fun. We afterwards spent a week at Aunt Ann's with Bill & the McCauleys. The Lemmons & Mrs. Brogden were at Cape May while we were. Mn Richard L was the soul of all the fun down there, We all liked him so much. He preached to every body, who would listen & made very angry several old ladies with whom he differed very considerably. Mrs Brogden is a very sweet woman, she enquired about you & desired her semenit __ _____ when I should write The country around Balt has been very unhealthy this summer & Father & Uncle Tom have in consequence had many long rides to take. The Fricks have all been sick with chills & fevers & Frank has had quite a severe attact of remittant fever. It is quite healthy around Evergreen & I have not heard of one case of sickness. Gov Howard died very suddenly just before we left home of apoplexy. M David

Ridgely also died about the same time very unexpectedly. Uncle Tom is keeping house all alone He speaks very seriously of getting married, but I think he will take it out in talking. He says he is very lonesome & I have no doubt he is, but if that does not make him get married why nothing will. I think both he & Fred Frick are hard cases. Fred is at Saratogo where I hope he will do something for himself. My letter has just been interrupted by the band playing for guard mounting so of course I had to stop until they were done. I never could do anything while music was going on. We have a delightful band which plays twice a day The other a large party of us went out to boat. We had the bank in a large boat with us which made it delightful. The evening was beautiful & I enjoyed it exceedingly. Mr Wetmore is in New York He has seen __________ to see us. I never saw any one in my life so improved. He seems to have taken quite a fancy to Lizzie Frick, & of course Bill is in a perfect fit to make up the match. I do not suppose Mr W has any serious idea of matrimony although Bill is bent upon his marrying one of us three. He does not seem to care which so he is kept in the family. Of course this is between you & me & the main mast as a nautical gentleman once said to me. C_____ L. Magruder has come home from Texas with a pair of mustaches six inches long. He looks quite savage. He is on the secreting service, but the last I heard of him he was quite _______ no doubt from the number of dinners & suppers given to him at the club since his return. The Greenways have returned from Europe whither they went for Virginia's health. Poor girl she is going

just like her sister Mary & cannot live many weeks. I think I told you in a former letter that Henry Greenway had married a lady taller than himself. W Jenkins & D Power's sister is sinking very fast, she is confined entirely to her room riding out only in fine weather. Father has bought two nice lots at “Greenmount” & has had a new vault put up In the fall he will have all our dear ones moved from that horrid presbyterian yard. My dear brother had the greatest horror of that vault & when Maney died he was so unwilling she should be put there. It will be a great pleasure to walk there & plant flowers. It is in a sweet retired situation. I chose the place myself. I was the only person to whom James spoke on the subject. I knew how much he wished it & urged Father until he had it done. We hear from Mary by every steamer. She is well, but her little child has been quite sick cutting teeth. Lizzie Bayard/James Cooke's fiancee/ has quite recovered his spirits & I hear is flirting about in Boston although in the deepest mourning. I supposed she would soon get over it. The steamer does not go until the 4th. I have much more to tell you but have no room, if a vessel goes from New York before I go home I will write. M___ received your letter but her scarf is still at the Custom house. They all send much love to you. I hope you will be able to read this rightfully several Please write us a few lines... I shall.... think you have quite forgotten me. My love to Mrs forbes

Your affect AEB

{Postmarks} December 2, 1846 {Addressed} Mr William Buckler

Via Marseilles Canton, China Recd January 24th

{#4} Destroy my letters after reading them Balt Feb 25th 1847

My dear Uncle

You are such a shabby fellow about writing to me, that you hardly deserve even a scrape of my pen but I will return good for evil by writing to you. I suppose that long before you get this letter, Mr Wetmore will have seen you & told you all about us. This has been an uncommonly cold winter, & there is now a heavy snow on the ground. about the 6th we have had this winter. Father is in his room with almost the worst cold, I ever knew him have, he has now been laid up for nearly two weeks a long time for him, but he feels how much he needs care & nursing -- The rest of us are quite well; I went down just after New Year & paid Anna Clarke a short visit & enjoyed it very much. Bill is loafing about doing nothing, devoting himself just to one girl, & then another he has entirely given Miss Ann Eliza H I believe _____ goes near her & would give anything if he had some employment, I cannot bear to see him wasting so much precious time. I know it is difficult to get a situation here in any counting room, but he does not try hard enough I think. Some Mr Lyons of New York has the consulate at “Shanghai”. I hear he is rich & eccentric, & has never been in China, “Rig” has had quite a severe illness inflamnation of his lungs Father however took him in time & soon got him over the worst. He spends all his spare time in Mr Dunkin's ship yard building small vessels & has quite a talent for it. John is

with Hopkins & Hull, & complains because he does not get any salary. He has been confined to the house for a week with a terribly swollen face which has not improved either his appearance or his temper. Uncle Tom seems quite busy, has a flourishing moustache which puts father into a rage whenever he looks at him. On Valentines day he received no less than 16 valentines some of them very beautiful. I do not think he is any nearer the matrimonial “halter” than before. “Speaking of boots” we all hear that you are likely to be the first to be “victimized.” Is it true? Is that the reason why you are forgetting all your relations & friends at home? I must say that I was quite distressed when I first heard it but as Mn Witmore says she is very good, & pretty, of course we must all see pleased. Bill says her Father is an old brute, but then you can cut him, & leave him in China when you return home. Here have I been saving up, several nice girls for you, in hopes you would come home soon & settle down here, but I see my plans were of no use. The Bankheads are to be here the 2nd of March to spend three months. Mrs. B's health is so delicate that I think she wishes to see Father. She would not consent to remain with any of us, but would have us take rooms at a boarding house for her. Moma, I think will be happy here, but Lizzie hates Balt. I do not think they have heard from the Col lately, but I see by the papers that his regiment is at Tampico, & I suppose he is there too. People seem to think the war will not be over for many years. Balt is doing a brisk business in flour, & corn. I hear the shipping merchants are making money very fast. How

dreadful the famine must be in Europe. What would they do without America. Large collections have been made all over the States for the starving Irish in New York State alone, they collected $800,000,. Tell Ms Forbes she gets no letter by this month that I saw Mr & Ms Wright yesterday, & they were both well. You never knew any thing like the deaths in Balt. It seems as if a cloud was over the city. The Cooke family have been much afflicted. Sophy died just at New Year. & Mammie's health is so very bad that her physician fears it may end in consumption. Mrs. John B. Morris died very suddenly about three weeks ago. It seems as if she never recovered after James' death. Louis O'Donnel died of the small pox, Uncle Tom says the most horrible case he ever saw. Augusta Briekhead & Wm Taylor are married at last, but the death of Ed Schroeder put an end to all the gaiety. Ed Greenway, & Grace Brown are married but Elizabeth Brown's death stopped their entertainment. Fanny Wyatt & Sommerville Norris were married last ______________ the bride had 100 presents mostly from her father's family Frank Schroeder is married to ______ Taton of Washt. His wedding was quite private owing to the recent death of his sister Mrs Gilliat. I have told you how all the weddings of this winter, that I can remember. Our neighbor Mary Lucus/Mrs Walbaeh/ died last week of consumption. W Mayhens new house is finished. M.M. has had a complete water cure establishment built in one part of it. They talks of going to Europe in the spring. Corneha Pon Brunty Mayer will be married this spring. People here are much interested about getting the right of way for the

Ohio railroad through Virginia. It is now before the house of delegates in Richmond. I do hope for Father's sake we will get it he has so much stock on that road. As Aunt Eliza I am sure will write to you, & tell you all about the Bosley's & other neighbors so I will say nothing about them. Mary Frick has quite a small attack of typhoid fever but is getting better; Dr Power is going his death after Lizzie, but I have no beau at all except a little dog. Austin Dall is courting M. Ridgeley. Do always when you can write to Aunt Eliza, even if you write to no one else, & give her some news of yourself. She is so devoted to you, that nothing would delight her so much. Austin Dall was in Boston & dined with “L pooner.” He says the dullest dinner he ever was at, He says the eldest M___ __. is a [UNK] of affection L Pooner fell in love with Liz Frick, but as the boys say “he is an outsider” Don't let Mrs Forbes see my letter especially what I say about L Pooner she is very fond of him. Give my love to her. Tell Mr Witmore his daguerrotype is the image of him, every lady sees the resemblance. Remember me most kindly to him. Henrietta Austin sends her love to you. Do write us a few lines that I may see you are alive & kicking. I now conclude by Chim Chiming you do try

Your affect


{Addressed} Recd May 18th

Wm Buckler Canton China

{Postmarks} Baltimore Feb 26

Liverpool Mr 19 1847

{#5} Baltimore Feby 26th 1847

My dear Uncle Wm

in duplicate

Time passes of the 28th Oct & 24th N_____ fr came duly to hand pcs Cambia. The Ianthe & Akbar have both arrived. I have sold of the Silk Invoice fr Ianthe B#`1. 1 case White IScurlet Shauls at $8.00 C #`1, 1 case do do at $11.50. B #`1, 4 cases do-do at $6.50. Same mark #`2, 1 case do do $17.00 #`3. 1 case do do $22.50 #`4. 1 case do-do $33.00 #`5 1 case 33.00 D #`1. 1 case $18.00 of the Invoices fr Akbar have not as yet sold anything except the damaged portion these were 171/2 chr Young Hyson, & 45 boxes met with sea water. Haggerte wanted to sell all the other day but his valuation was so low, rigt 2C' L fr the Young Hysons. 31 L fr the Cuuistes G___ & 33 for mpl. 30 L for the 6 lb G___ & 32 fr 6 lb mpl 28 L fr the 13 lb G___ & 30 for mpl. Miss RLH. destined selling yams also. And David Willson said hold on by all means as they could not do worse & as it was still uncertain as to whether a duty would not be put on Tea.

The Williams have bought a ship & are building another. Capt. Hale is to command the former & she will for the present be put in the fighting business. After much trouble I have not succeeded in obtaining the appointment of consul for Shanghai. But a Mr Lyon has it he is very rich & very peculiar & has an idea that he will be able to husel about the country. The secretary of state said he was sorry but that the appointment had been made by Mr. Polk a personal friend of Mr. Lyon. He

also requested permission to keep my little description of Shanghai which I made up from memory & my Journal but I declined giving it to him.

At present it is impossible to think of going away. The high freights to the Continent are taking up every class of vessel even small. Brigs of 150 tons can make money at 8 Sh Sty for Flour & 30 D Sty for Corn for Brish. The family is still here & about farm voyages have been made ___ fr the coast since his return. Dick Stockton has gone to the West Coast in the Cupt H_____ he was missing when the vessel sailed but joined her off Annapolis. The Insurance of the Silks fr Rainbow __ Navigaton has been effected by Mr. Stevenson. He has still part of the Tongtai Chop in hand which should realize about 28 a 30 L say from '30 to 40 1/2 ch. I have just been to see FMH. I have told them to sell all the chon chow goods still on board in auction. The Silks are to be sent to New York. He wished me to say if your chon chin goods should be sold also but I declined giving any opinion as I told him I had no authority for so doing.

The right of way for the Balt & Ohi R.R. has been granted by the Virginian.... provided they go to Wheeling. But the..... company it is said will not accept the terms as they wish to go to Fish Creek or Parkersburgh. They have concluded to join the Connelsville road & go to Pittsburgh. Louis McLane & others have very long faces today. But as it is the road had not ___ sufficient to do the business. I met your old sweetheart Mrs. Eaton at cards the other night she asked after you wished to know if it was true you were married. I told he no you

knew too much for that. Indeed they baby loves me to death to know if you were married Of_____ I deny it.

The other day I purchased a pew in the New Presbyterian Church for $410.00 your subscription of $300. being taken in part payment I was offered $20 ad_____ the other day but refused it Uncle Tom says had better keep it until hear from you as it can be rented for $50 fr _____. It is one of the best pews in the Church & The trustees told me the other day that they would _____ the ___ if I wished but I declined. It will soon be a very fashionable Church. Father is much better today. & all the rest except myself are well & I have the neuralgia very badly.



{Addressed} Wm Buckler Esqr Recd May 18th

Canton, China

{Postmarks} Baltimore Feb 26 Liverpool Mar 16 1847

{#6} 28 Apr/47 Baltimore April 27th 1847

I am sure my dear Uncle William that you cannot complain of me, as a correspondent, for I write you most punctually without even an acknowledgement on your part but I take for granted that you receive my letters tho you do not say so. I am glad you wrote to Aunt Eliza by the last steamer, she was most anxious for a letter & Mr Bankhead received several, which I think Aunt Eliza thought you ought to have written to her. Col Bankhead is expected every day, he is coming home with despatches & all the flags & trophies taken at Vera Cruz & Tampico. He is very fortunate in being sent home & is besides ordered to his old station on the Island which pleases the girls. I suppose Lizzie and her Mother will go North with the Col, but I shall try hard to keep Mona, who loves Balt. Anna Clarke's staying with me, & I want Mona to be here too. We had a magnificent illumination last Wednesday in honor of the victories. It was the most beautiful thing of the kind, I ever saw. The whole city was one blaze of light Barmins Hotel was superb a spern candle in each pane of glass. It took 2100 for the windows alone the front of the porch was decorated with transparencies representing the different battles. Our windows looked very pretty with flowers, candlelabras, & the Chinese lanterns. I walked nearly over town, got mashed almost to death in the crowd, & got home about 12 o'clock. I have altogether been quite dissipated for the last week. On Friday night I went to see the celebrated

Vienneise children who are creating such a “furore” throughout the country. I was perfect charmed, I never saw any thing in my life half so beautiful. There are 48 of them, some little creature of five & six. I saw them in the “Pas des fleures daueu” by the 48. I can give you no idea of it their movements & groupings are exquisite. Next in the “Pas Hongrois” by 42 & lost in the Pas Oriental by 48. When I think of it it seems to me, like a vision of fairyland. I only wish you could see them. Ginee Fanny Ellsleishsit to this country I do not think there has even been such an excitement as these children have caused. We are going to see them again tomorrow night. The report in town is, that your friend Ms Sarah Gilmore is to be married to a D. Buckner from St. Louis, several years younger than herself. I suppose there is no harm in my telling you of Liz Frick's engagement to D. Power. He will not let it be known here Heaven knows when they will be married for if they don't make haste, I fear poor D. P's health will be too bad. He is looking miserably as white as a corpse. Father I know fears much for his health. W. Jenkins has gone to sea & has put his two little children to school at Gibsons. What do you think of Spooners being married? We were all much surprised, I think he must have been bery smart in the courting. I have not heard the name of the lady he has married. We all had a good laugh over the pictu you sent me. I am sorry you went to the expense of having to had a dogtype copied. Anna Clarke is staying with me, & sends you her kindest semen---ees & thanks you for your kindness to her brother D Bowie has come home, Mother says I must thank you

for attending so nicely to her Jan. W Mayhen wants to sell his house as his new one is quite finished, ready to move in. I hear Mrs M has had a regular water cure establishment built in the house, I never see her we are very poor neighbors & very uncongenial! I do not like their new house it looks like a great barn. S_______ ___ has the handsomest house I think in town. We have _____ accounts in all the papers of the starvation all over Europe. Immigrants arrive by the thousand in New York 4,000 arrived in 4 days. They are nearly all ill with typhus fever, & the hospitals are crowded so much, that it is feared that when the warm weather sets in the whole city will become infected with the fever which is contagious Chuley Slick says our alms house is filled & that he never in his life saw such miserable half starved creatures, poor things, how awful a famine must be. We who live in this land flowing with milk & honey cannot be too thankful. Great efforts have been made all over the country & immense sums of money as well as all kind of grain & flour sent over. The quantity exported has made flour very dear, it is 8 dollars / barrel, & Mother paid only yesterday 3.37 1/2 for two bushels of potatoes. But then we have plenty of other things which take the place of potatoes. We all went yesterday to see Tom Thumb, the smallest man in the world, & the greatest curiosity I ever saw He is well made & intelligent thus none of the disagreeable appearance peculiar to dwarfs. He is 15 neighs, 15 pounds & is 28 inches high. He sung & danced spoke french to us & showed us all the beautiful presents given him in Europe. His carriage is the most perfect thing I ever

saw. drawn by two poines the size of dogs, given him by Queen Victoria. I enelose your his eaid, which suits his size exactly. Uncle Tom's very well & not attentive to any one. I wish he would marry Mona, she would make him such a nice wife & would have him if he would only try hard. Mona says I must give her love & say she will soon write to you. Do remember me to Mr Forbes & to Mr Wetmore

If you do not acknowledge the receipt of my letters I will not write to you any more. Don't ever show my letters to anybody

your affectionate


Excuse bad writing I am in a tearing, hury as I have some oranges to preserve.

{Addressed} Mr Wm Buckler Recd July 17

Canton, China

{Postmarks} Baltimore Apr 28 Paid Via Southampton

Liverpool My 5 1847 Hong Kong 1847


Austin Dall & George Frick just came & are trying hard to find some way for me to tell you Austin says he is striving & struggling hard to get a wife & can't get one, the only things Father of at present is Old Zach & Gen. Tom Thumb, Mat & Ted were delighted with him yesterday, a tiny hand carving with diamonds given by Nich_____

Lex St April 28th 47

Spring brings back its bright flowers & happy faces but will not bring our dear brother; we wish for you more than ever at this beautiful season, a little boy remarked (Johnny Backin) that he was nervous & heart broke because he had been separated from his brother 3 weeks, how much more impatient & __________ we must feel to w you when _____ for 3 long years I did hope your last Thames letter by the Cambia wd tell us when we might expect you, dated Jany 28th young Rogers comes lo in us last week, the girls asked him a great many questions about you his brother was very much obliged to you for all you__________ to him, the Luman is expected to day from New York We have not seen Mr Brown & family, Mr Backins paid us a long visit yesterday & approved much interested in him you will not recognize our old_____, it is to be modernized next month, the pulpit put back, more pews added & covered with damask & a new organ the ladies have collected near 200$ for it, Louis Smith had been our organist for the last year, Mr. B is very much delighted with his music & says he must have a new organ. Mr Murdock is so much interested as ever has had all the lumber _____ in the yard & the men at

work I wish they wd afford to buy Mrs. Bosleys house for the Parsonage, she had rented it to the church for 3 years, for 1300 a year & will take a smaller one in the fall, the Major is very much opposed to the change as he suffers more than ever & sits at the window all the time where he is amused with the bustle & noise around him. The new Franklin Church is very much admired & __________ every night, you have a pew in it near the pulpit as you gave 300$ Bill offered 100$ more for _____ yo money so that you can sell it any time, it is rented at present to Mr. Courtney for ___$; they have chosen Dr. Plummer from Richmond, I fear he will not be a favorite long --- Matty & Warren are _____ in your handsome silks & thanks to return the last morning visits. Ann Lizzy & Anne Clark wish in to say they must go to in Gen Tom Thumb for a laugh, he has lately brought 150,000$ from England & presents of immense value, the whole town crazy last week about the illumination for victory, every house brillant & the _____ crowds, I was mad & scolded to ser our windows filled with flowers & candles when I knew how many lives had been sacrificed at Vera Cruz, poor Wm Bankhead was the picture of woe for several days, crying all the time at the doleful letters from the Col, he had been sleeping on the ground without any pillow but an old coat for 2 nights wet with dew & only a few crackers, he began to rejoice when he heard Vera Cruz's __________ were tajeb & that he was coming home in the __________ with the Mexican Flags & spoils taken, Mona did not like public papers announcing that he was sent home by Gen. Scott on account of infirm health they think he is perfectly well but I fear they

will find him ______ for _____ in 4 months He must love suffered from exposure & privations of every kind it is said that he is ordered back to Governors Island which the girls think too quick for them, we are anxious to take Mrs B to Evergreen tomorrow, she is very impatient to go, the yellow jasamine & early roses in full bloom, every thing looks too __________ last week to have it, yr Brown in perfect health & ______ to badges like two children I had a delightful ride with him, he walked from the house alone to the back of the spring, takes a drink & walks into the stable as gentle as a dog, Rosy as fine & ugly as ever, runs after ___ __ _____ my how when Warrin is in perfect fervor & will not touch him I wish with all my heart Tom had a good wife, I am tired of having 2 homes & I love the place it qute of the country more than the comfort of town, with all its noises, I am too old a cold even to be accomodated to the change, I feel like Mrs Taney who is impatient & longing for a country life, whishes to see nothing but the sky above & flowers beneath. Our neighbors have become independent of their carriages, 2 omnibuses, Gen Washington & Col Watson stand every _____ above the turnpike gap with their mouths wide open for travellers, the whole family go in to shop in that way I take Mr D & Murdock to their door when it rains for 6 chs

I was very glad to __ the Cincinatti was noticed in the morning paper and being off Batavia in Jany, I was sure she was lost in the Oct gale when so many perished We are all exceedingly obliged to you for sending such choice tea, I hope it will arrive safe from N York, we shall all value & other

friends say when they want a cup of good tea they come to us, I wish you wd send us a small box of green as our stock is exhausted, it is a perfect cordial when I have headache John was here last night he was ready for a cup of good tea, his spirits are better looked so bright & handsome he has the finest face I ever saw, he wished he had a farm to cultivate on scientific principles tells us how to improve Evergree with ammonia & guano, becomes so much excited that he walks up & down the room with a action as if he was a perfect luny, it is lucky he is not a Parson, I think Bill must be tired of being idle, he is so restle___, runs in for 5 minutes & out again Tom room is _____ the door to go to the Alms house I expected he wd start at the _____ of Tom Thumb in his English coach & horses, the crowd & noise tremendous It is believed by Tif & Mona that Dr. Power is engaged at last to Lizzy Frick, poor man is in miserable health & looks so badly I think he will not last long Austin Dall lost his chance, he is very impatient for a wife & has tried hard to get one, he & Fred Frick continue to keep house together in St. Pauls St All the Lemmons, large & small are well, they were much grieved at_the death of their brother George, Tom is a great favorite with the ladies in Charles St, they say he was so kind when their brother was ill, Stevenson has been confined to the house with rheumatism.

It is thought Old Taylor will be our next President he is not more than 45 years every paper is filled with accounts of his bravery & mercy at the same time shown to the poor mexicans, he is idolized by his aides & all the officers, he was marching

on towards the city of Mexico the last accounts, said at the head of 1600 men, many must die from the climate as the heat was intense a month ago. I wish we cd send you a daily paper I told you E Handy paid us a visit a few weeks ago on her way to see her ___ in Va, she is emaciated & so nervous that every muscle in her face & hands are _____ all the time, it is distropsing to see her, she talks all day & says she feels as little sorrow as if she was a stone, She never cd shed a tear altho Mrs B & Mona sobbed all the while they sat by her, she has promised to stay on her return I hope not long as she is too restlefs & miserable to enjoy any thing, she said you were too kind in sending her such a handsome shawl. The girls are going to Mrs Wright to day The first chance they have had since her return from N York Tom & Bill just arrived from Evergreen with the Roses with their hands full of flowers, apple blossoms, ___, say every thing looks so bright & sweet that I feel impatient to go out, I think when I am tired their again it will be a hard work to get me in next winter, rather live on Thanberry Hill than this noisy _____, no rain hit once during this month, it is thought the grain every where looks badly if our crop, fails we shall want some part of the immense quantity which has been shipped every day for England & Ireland, every vessel brings in large numbers of immigrants in a wretched state, several hundred landed at the Point yesterday dying from the effects of starvation in Ireland, a large public _____ in N York this week to decide what is to be done to prevent so much disease & misery being brought into the country I wish you write a line by

every vessel as we always feel disappointed to see an arrival without a letter & they often come as quick as the Overland, if you will only say when you are coming home I shall be thankful Ann & all her children are here & send love The Andrews are well & enjoying every comfort & luxury the town can afford so near the region of the Falls & the noise of to onnibus passing every hour day & night, it is a blessing to be contenty inside, they never were accustomed to the sweets of the country as we have been from earliest childhood The Nicholson's always look bright & happy & are very independent Ann & Mrs. Riggin were here today well & content Bill Traviss is a happy looking married man has Ned living with him. The Taney's are very anxious to get a place in the country, old people look very feeble & will not want a home long any where

My letters are too stupid to send by mail, T & B will write you ____ May God help my Dearest brother & protect him from sickness this summer. Mat & W are too lazy to write, they are well but look thin, in _____ Mrs. B will ride with us to day, Mona says she loves Evergreen

yrs E.

{Addressed} Wm Buckler recd July 17 overland

Canton, China

Care of Brown Shipley & Co. Liverpool

{#8} Sept 14th 1848 Evergreen

My dear Brother, we have been more anxious than I can __________ to hear from you ever since _____ letter which said you were sick at Macon you have been in our thoughts, we _____ wo Mrs. Wright to enquire what news she had and when we heard you had yr head shaved we thought you must have been very sick, in always feel more anxiety about you during the warm weather, in have instead for you more than ever this summer, every thing has been so bright and beautiful the whole season like a perpetual spring, roses & yellow jasmins in bloom under the window as fragant as in May and you never _____ prass(?) & peaches of the finest kind in such abundance, 10 cts for a bushel to that they are not worth taking to market, our neighbours feast their cattle on the best. Mrs. Murdock saw a friend buy 55 huge peaches for 1 cent, I wish you & Bill had the the four tickets I gave _____ old Roan to day, we have the most delightful society around us, if you had been at home I think you w'd have lost your heart with one of the Smiths, Mrs. Backns' sisters, there are 4 of the most lovely girls I ever saw in mind & disposition, after they had pastries given them by all the neighbors & everything to make them happy when their Mother had a cough which her family thought was trifling for some time, John says she is now sinking fast in rapid consumption & will never leave her bed again, she has excepted all my sympathy, she sent for me yesterday & it was dishelving to see her almost in a dying state looking so much like our Sister Jane. A Lizzy wrote you from Evergreen about a month ago and gave you

all the news, every thing going on & the sale of wheat crop for 50 $, we are busy with our corn at present which I grudge for the horses & which we ___ send you a barrel of meat and hominy, Badjin is busy on the pinc hill turning out potatoes with the plough, I wish we fines here for the winter, I shall never feel at home anywhere else, I always loved the peace & comfort of the country more in winter than summer, I wish Tom had a good old woman if he will resolve not to take a wife to manage for him, we are too old & lazy to make any one comfortable, I envied the squirrels this m_______ busy making their mofs bed for the winter & store of hickory nuts in my windows I saw some of your friends the other day at Mr. Austins, Mrs. Rd Lemma Sarah & Nanner have been spending the summer at Grcen _________ to try The Jamory c_____ makin c_____ which makes the lance & disc_____ to milk after being disabled for many years, it has improved Mrs. L in every way given her new life, it must be grand for making every one she ex always to encite, she talks all the time & will not give her husband a chance of using his tongue to much, he abuses all day long as much as his brother Robert who will not give John credit for curing him when he was so low last winter, said he was only trying experiments & did not understand his case, he certainly restored himself he mever looked better or in finer spirits; he has grown wise in his old age wl not have _____ this summer said home max better than being knocked about in dust & fatigue as he has been for months & years. I walked behind him on his way to Church the other night & heard him singing quik Lord all the way, since he disunited our Church he

had a long walk from Mrs Wst to Franklin H Tell Bill his friend have been very gay in spite of his absence more & Polka parties twice every week at Dr. Pat's in the beautiful conservatory which is a beautiful room brilliantly lighted & __________ with flowers, Mrs Mac & Tilda Tea'd here last night, The latter in high spirits giving an account of her visit to Mr Dall who is in one of his best moods & amused with his eccentric notions of things in general, every body says Austin grows too much like him which is not very flattering. I wish you cd see how pretty yr _____ & roses look every day d_________ with fresh flowers, Mrs. Backns sent us a supply of the __________ rose buds every day, she is delighted with Johnston's plan & has done every thing to make his family comfortable, thinks she wd like to____ it but if her poor mother dies then she will not care for it, john is there every day, he _____ him on his way there, George h__________ on the _____ on the circle while John is eating clabber & wandering over the place, A Lizzy has been in the Forest with her nag riding very day & enjoying herself & making all happy around her. Mrs. Bosley is the only Ind one near us altho she was thankful to in the Major taken from so much suffering she misses him very much, his agony was so great that he never had a smile for any one for a long time & had dropsy from the effects of the quantity of landanum, Tom & the young Doctors cut for the ball & found in too the backbone, it had never moved from the place it first entered, he often told us to give you his best love and say that he never expected to live. In ^ you come back -- Tom _____ by last Thames & told you he had

rented Wilsons house for another year which I was sorry for as it is a high rent a_____ He has reduced it to 600 $ it is out of _____ & a noisy street C Frick has taken the house next to Stevenson in Charles___ (opposite lo Timmons) for _00 $, he has moved his office & his mother & family will live there during the winter, Mr. F has been made Indgr since __ckn's death & will be in Annapolis, we heard Fred & his wife were looking for a house as Swan intended selling his in Franklin, you w'd be surprised to see the new hirldings going on & our road is like a street almost all the way Nora & Guest engaged a house which Gaither is building near the monument & will not be ready until November he was ill all last week but is recovering, she looks happy to the surprise of her friends All think he is not good enough, he is very plain & I griefs a _______ Mrs. B & Lizzy went to New Port to nurse John ill with __________, Col _____ is a General & J. Magruder promoted to Colonel. Lady Rogers talks of hirlding a cottage for the Taneys, they are as crazy as ever about the country and wd not get a place near us, Mips Mclellan wish they wd buy a piece of their grounds & build, in ___ them as bright as ever this week, they ask most particularly about you, they have more energy than either of us, an old lady 72 years old not far from us busy preserving peaches yesterday--G Andrews sailed for England last month; he intends visiting France & Germany & will not return until next years, the girls an are anxious as ever to move up street, they are sick & tired of being near the Falls, as he is opposed to a change I advise them to move while he is away -- Jane, H & C often wish you were

at home The Nickolsons are at Mr Colstons, he & all his family nearly poisoned last week by tonic accident, 25 were very ill & Mary & Elizabeth came in for their share, they were out of danger last news but feeble. I wish you & Bill wd walk in to _______ & shoot partridges, sportsmen all around -- Ann saw a carriage drive up yesterday with a dark complexion she was to ____ to meet you she ran out & found it was Rolando asking for A E, she laughed at her disappointment as if it was a good joke Ann Riggin is staying at Evergreen & sends love to you & Bill

{Postmarks} Overland Mail via Southhampton 11 Oct 1848 Hong Kong 23 Dec 1848

{Addressed} William Buckler Canton, China