Western Maryland Railroad Collection 1857-1961, MS. 2190

Maryland Historical Society
Library of Maryland History

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N T P Q R S T U V W X-Z

Western Maryland Railroad Collection, 1857-1961
Maryland Historical Society
 
 

(Text converted and initial EAD tagging provided by Apex Data Services, March 1999.)
 

Western Maryland Railroad Collection, 1857-1961
Maryland Historical Society

Contact Information:
Manuscripts Department
Maryland Historical Society Library
201 West Monument Street
Baltimore MD 21201-4674
410.685.3750
Fax: 410.385.2105
library@mdhs.org
www.mdhs.org



Descriptive Summary

Western Maryland Railroad Collection, 1857-1961

MS 2190

Maryland Historical Society

Baltimore MD 21201-4674



Scope and Content Note

Records of the Western Maryland Railroad Company and its nineteen subsidiaries in Maryland, Pennsylvania, and West Virginia provide detailed information on railroad management, particularly in the 1860s through the 1880s; account books document the twentieth century. Chartered as the Baltimore, Carroll and Frederick Rail Road Company in 1852, it became the Western Maryland Rail Road Company the next year. Largely a freight line, it extended through Western Maryland, terminating at the C & O Canal at Williamsport in 1873. Additional records were acquired in its takeover of railroad companies in Maryland, Pennsylvania, and West Virginia.

The largest, most cohesive records are those of the WMRR Co. itself. They contain correspondence, legal and financial papers, bills and receipts, bond coupons, and a certificate record book for 1858-1919; the collection is strongest in the late 1870s and 1880s.

Correspondence, 1858-1919, includes letters to and from A.K. Syester, WMRR attorney for Frederick and Washington counties; George Bokee and William Keyser on delinquent stock payments, rights of way, damage claims and court cases. Financial topics concern leases, costs of new lines, including rail, ties, land, and engine purchases, contractor's claims and bills, funds from Baltimore City, bonds and accounts, salaries and wages, and the building of stations, warehouses, and a watertower.

Legal papers, 1857-1909, consist of construction contracts, settlement proposals for contract disputes, court cases for damages and legal disputes, and powers of attorney and stock transfers from the Hanover Branch RR Co.

Financial papers, 1860-1955, cover work estimates for contracts, furniture lists, tonnage classification charts, a record of cash accounts, and a ledger for 1896-1900. Other papers of financial interest include detailed bills and receipts, and bond coupons and bank drafts, mostly for the late 1870s.

Miscellaneous papers of the WMRR contain minutes of an 1869 Board of Directors meeting, a list of stockholders (1860s?), a report of trains running from 1876, undated track statistics, rough maps of Baltimore, and a topographical map of the Maryland-Pennsylvania border.

Documents (1903-1910) relating to the WMRR's 1910 takeover of the Baltimore Fidelity Warehouse Co. include by-laws, certificate of incorporation, land deeds, an insurance policy, improvement contracts, and a mortgage agreement. A certificate of incorporation and title abstract relate to its predecessor, the Hazard Wharf Co.

Correspondence and documents of the smaller railroads are more varied, covering the same range as WMRR records. West Virginia Central and Pittsburg Railway Co. has monthly ledgers of agents and conductors, 1892-1902, and a complete set of vouchers for 1892. George's Creek and Cumberland Railroad Co. records contain cash accounts, 1916-1917, a monthly record of vouchers 1880-1882; wage records 1880-1881, vouchers bills, promisary notes, checks, 1879-1880; documents on accounts for 1906-1907, and correspondence and security

reports of the company's sinking fund, 1885-1910.

The Bachman Valley Railroad Co. records, mostly financial, date from the early 1870s, and include bills, receipts, accounts, payroll lists and wages, stock certificates, and correspondence.

Extensive construction vouchers, 1910-1917, form the bulk of the Connellsville and State Line Railway Company, along with correspondence, 1907-1910, a 1906 report and cost estimate, a 1906-1907 right of way report, and cash accounts for 1916-1917.

Finally, the Piedmont & Cumberland Railway Co. contributes payroll vouchers, 1886, and construction payrolls for 1887.

Forty-seven volumes of record books are also of importance; thirty-three are for the WMRR-bill books, 1863-1870; voucher records of motive power, 1866-1870; maintenance of way and cars, 1866-1870, construction accounts 1866-1870; equipment, 1867-1870 and transportation, 1866-1870; and cash boxes 1903-1905, and 1953-1959. Also, record books of invoices and receipts, 1936-1946, and two volumes attributed to the WMRR Co., a rent book, 1901-1904, and a land tax record book, 1907-1910.

Real estate records of four West Virginia coal companies, 1872-1905, are recorded in five volumes.

Refer to the container list for lists of documents and volumes from the less cohesive series belonging to other railroads in the WMRR collection.

 


Container List

Box 1

Western Maryland Railroad Company

Correspondence, Feb. 1858-April 1871

Box 2

Correspondence, May-Dec. 1871

Box 3

Correspondence, Feb. 1872-Dec. 1881

Box 4

Correspondence, Jan. 1882-Sept. 1919, n.d.

Legal Papers, 1857-1909, n.d.

Box 5

Financial Papers, 1860-1955, n.d.

Miscellaneous, 1869-1913, n.d.

Box 6

Bills and Receipts, 1861-1889

Box 7

Receipts, for Commissions, 1878

Bank Drafts, 1878

Bond Coupons, 1879-1880, 1883, 1893

Box 8

Coupons, 1869-1880

Certificate Record Book, 1879

List of Funded Coupons, 1870-1873

Box 9

Baltimore Fidelity Warehouse Company

Correspondence, 1910-1911

Certificate of Incorporation, 1903

By-laws, 1903

Insurance Policy, 1908

Lease, 1908

Land deed, 1909

Organization Report, 1910

Bond Certificate and Notice, 1910

Improvement Contracts, 1910

Mortgage Agreements, 1910

Abstract of 1792 title, n.d.

Certificate of Incorporation, n.d.

Box 10

West Virginia Central & Pittsburg Railway Co.

Railway Account with Hambleton & Co., 1892

Agents and Conductors Monthly Ledgers, 1892-1897

Box 11

Agents and Conductors Monthly Ledgers, 1898-1902

Box 12

Vouchers, June-November 1892

Box 13

George's Creek and Cumberland Railroad Co.

Documents pertaining to adjustment of accounts, 1906-1907, 1916-1917.

Box 14

Promisory Notes, 1878-1879

Checks, 1879

Miscellaneous Bills, 1879

Cash Vouchers, 1880

Receipts, 1878, 1880

Wages, December 1880-January 1881

Monthly Voucher Records, June 1880-March 1882

Box 15

Monthly Voucher Records, April 1882-December 1882

Sinking Fund, Correspondence and Securities Reports, 1885-1910.

Box 16

Hanover Junction, Hanover & Gettysburg Railroad

Court proceedings, re: formation of Hanover Junction, Hanover & Gettysburg Railroad Co., n.d. [1886?]

Powers of Attorney, 1886

Stock Certificates, 1882-1886

Baltimore and Harrisburg Railway Co.

Contract forming the B & H Railway Co., 1886

Stock Certificates, 1886

Correspondence, 1886

Merger Contracts, 1886

Power of Attorney, 1886

Bids on Bonds, 1886

Notes on Western extension, 1888

Lists of Stockholders, 1894-1897, 1902

Election of Officers, 1900-1902

Correspondence, 1902

Baltimore & Hanover Railroad Co.

Stock Certificate, 1879-1886

Hanover Branch Railroad Co.

Stock Certificates, 1850-1860

Power of Attorney, 1852, 1853

Receipts, 1872

Box 17

The Philadelphia, Wilmington & Baltimore Railroad

Check, 1878

Freight Bills, 1878

New York & Baltimore Transportation Line

Freight Receipts, 1878

Pennsylvania Railroad Company

Freight Bill & Checks, 1878

Baltimore & Cumberland Valley Railway Co.

Mortgage, 1879

Correspondence, 1880

Court Proceedings, [1880?]

Unidentified geological survey, 1894

Somerset Coal Railway

Cash Accounts, 1916-1920

Williamsport, Nessle & Martinsburg Railway Co.

Cash Accounts, 1916-1919

Fairmont & Bingamon Railway Co.

Cash Accounts, 1915-1920

Fairmont, Helen's Run Railway Co.

Cash Accounts, 1916-1918

Box 18

Frederick and Pennsylvania Line Railroad Co.

Correspondence, 1861, 1869-72, 1876

re: the sale of bonds

Box 19

Bachman Valley Railroad Co.

List of Subscribers, n.d.

Receipts (re: Building Original Line), 1870-1873

Receipts (to Hanover Branch Railroad Co.), 1872-1873

Bills (to Hanover Branch Railroad Co.), 1872

Accounts (Bachman Valley RR. of PA. and Bachman Valley RR of MD), 1872

Memorandum, 1872

Drafts, 1872; 1873

Election of Directors, 1872-1873

Wages, 1872-1873

Payroll, 1873

Correspondence, 1874

Receipts, 1874

PA Taxes on Loan, 1874

PA Taxes on Stocks, 1874

Contract, 1874

Stock Certificates, 1870-1880

Correspondence, 1884; 1886

Connellsville & State Line Railway Co.

Correspondence, 1907, 1910

Final Report and Cost Estimate-Uniontown & Wheeling Short Line, 1906

Right of Way Report, 1906-1907

Cash Accounts, 1916-1917

Box 20

Construction Vouchers, February-March, May-August 1910

Box 21

Construction Vouchers, July 1915-January 1917, June 1917

Box 22

Piedmont & Cumberland Railway Co.

Payroll Vouchers, April-December 1886

Box 23

Construction Payrolls, January-August 1887

Oversize

Western MD RR Co. Guaranteed Mortgage Bonds, 1870

RECORD BOOKS

Vol. 1

Western Maryland Rail Road 1863-64

“Bill Book 1” January 1863-September 1864.

Vol. 2

Western Maryland Rail Road 1864-66

“Bill Book 2” October 1864-January 1866.

Vol. 3

Western Maryland Rail Road 1866-69

“Bill Book 3” February 1866-May 1869.

Vol. 4

Western Maryland Rail Road 1869-70

“Bill Book” May 1869-July 1870.

Vol. 5

Western Maryland Rail Road 1866-68

“Record of Motive Power Vouchers” October 1866-September 1868.

Vol. 6

Western Maryland Rail Road 1868-69

“Record of Motive Power Vouchers” October 1868-November 1869.

Vol. 7

Western Maryland Rail Road 1869-70

“Record of Motive Power Vouchers” December 1869-July 1870.

Vol. 8

Western Maryland Rail Road 1866-68

“Record of Maintenance of Way Vouchers” October 1866-September 1868.

Vol. 9

Western Maryland Rail Road 1868-70

“Record of Maintenance of Way Vouchers” October 1868-April 1870.

Vol. 10

Western Maryland Rail Road 1870

“Record of Maintenance of Way Vouchers” May 1870-July 1870.

Vol. 11

Western Maryland Rail Road 1866-68

“Record of Maintenance of Cars Vouchers” October 1866-September 1868.

Vol. 12

Western Maryland Rail Road 1868-70

“Record of Maintenance of Cars Vouchers” October 1868-July 1870.

Vol. 13

Western Maryland Rail Road 1866-70

“Construction Account” [Vouchers] October 1866-May 1870.

Vol. 14

Western Maryland Rail Road 1867-70

“Record of Equipment Vouchers” December 1867-May 1870.

Vol. 15

Western Maryland Rail Road 1866-69

“Record of Transportation Vouchers” October 1866-June 1869.

Vol. 16

Western Maryland Rail Road 1869-70

“Record of Transportation Vouchers” July 1869-July 1870.

Vol. 17

[Western Maryland Rail Road?] 1903-4

Cash book, March 1903-September 1904.

Vol. 18

[Western Maryland Rail Road?] 1904-5

Cash book, September 1904-December 1905.

Vol. 19

Western Maryland Railway Company 1953-54

Cash book, April 1953-April 1954.

Vol. 20

Western Maryland Railway Company 1954-55

Cash book, April 1954-April 1955.

Vol. 21

Western Maryland Railway Company 1955-56

Cash book, April 1955-April 1956.

Vol. 22

Western Maryland Railway Company 1956-57

Cash book, April 1956-March 1957.

Vol. 23

Western Maryland Railway Company 1957-58

Cash book, March 1957-February 1958.

Vol. 24

Western Maryland Railway Company 1959

Cash book, February 1959-December 1959.

Vol. 25

Western Maryland Railway Company 1927-30

Record of invoices and receipts, June 1927-November 1930.

Vol. 26

Western Maryland Railway Company 1936-42

Record of invoices and receipts, November 1936-May 1942.

Vol. 27

Western Maryland Railway Company 1942-46

Record of invoices and receipts, June 1942-August 1946.

Vol. 28

[Western Maryland Rail Road?] 1901-4

Rent book, September 1901-June 1904.

Vol. 29

[Western Maryland Rail Road?] 1907-10

“Tax Record Book: Lots & Lands” (property in West Virginia and Maryland) 1907-10.

Vol. 30

Western Maryland Railway Company n.d.

“Main Line Book No. 1, Fulton to Owings Mills, Map 1 to 6.”

Vol. 31

Western Maryland Railway Company n.d.

“Main Line Book No. 2-3, Owings Mills to Graceham, Map 7 to 27.”

Vol. 32

Western Maryland Rail Road; Western Maryland Rail Road Baltimore and Harrisburg Division 1857-1906

Land deeds and plat book, 1857-1906.

Vol. 33

Western Maryland Railway Company 1950-61

Medical department ledger: record of causes of employees' deaths, January 1950-May 1961.

Vol. 34

West Virginia Central and Pittsburg Railway Company 1900

Record book, Land department: lists land in Davis and Thomas, W.Va. and in Tucker County, Grant County, Mineral County, and Preston County, W.Va.; Allegany County and Garrett County, Maryland. 1900.

Vol. 35

West Virginia Central and Pittsburg Railway Company 1901-2

“Lot Book”: lot description and prices of land in West Virginia, 1901, 1902.

Vol. 36

West Virginia Central and Pittsburg Railway Company 1885-1904

“Elk Garden Leases” [West Virginia] 1885-1904. There is also an index to “Deeds & Leases in Mineral Co., W.Va.” 1905.

Vol. 37

George's Creek and Cumberland Railroad Company 1907-9

“Trial Balances” monthly, February 1907-June 1909.

Vol. 38

George's Creek and Cumberland Railroad Company 1907

Record of vouchers audited, January-February 1907.

Vol. 39

Davis Coal and Coke Company 1893-1905

“Lot Book No. 1”: record of unidentified lots purchased, April 1893-February 1905.

Vol. 40

H.G. D[avis] and Bro: 1885-90

“Real Estate Book, B-1”: record of unidentified lots purchased, 1885-90.

Vol. 41

H.G. D[avis] C[oal] Company 1891-2

“Real Estate, B-2”: record of unidentified [UNK] purchased, 1891-92.

Vol. 42

F[airfax?] C[oal] and C[oke] Company 1892-98

“Real Estate, Thomas”: record of lots purchased [?], Thomas, W. Va., 1892-98.

Vol. 43

Coal Companies 1872-95

Record of land deeds and plats, 1872-95. Land was in West Virginia and Maryland and was deeded to:

H. G. Davis Coal Company (1881-94)

Fairfax Coal and Coke Company (1872-95)

Henry Coal and Coke Company (1872-90)

Davis and Elkins Coal Company (1872-94)

Vol. 45

unidentified “Map Index.”

Vol. 46

unidentified “Index of Deeds.”

Vol. 47

unidentified index.

RAILROADS ACQUIRED BY THE WESTERN MARYLAND RAIL ROAD

Bachman Valley Rail Road Company

Incorporated 1871

Merged into the Baltimore and Harrisburg Railway Company 1886

Baltimore and Harrisburg Railway Company

Formed 1886

Through consolidation of: Hanover Junction, Hanover and Gettysburg Rail Road Co.; Bachman Valley Rail Road Co.; and Baltimore and Hanover Rail Road Co.

Merged into Western Maryland Railway Co. 1917

Belington and Beaver Creek Railroad Company

Incorporated 1899

Acquired by Western Maryland Rail Road Co. 1905

Connellsville and State Line Railway Company

Incorporated 1910

Merged into Western Maryland Railway Co. 1917

Fairmont Bingamon Railway Company

Incorporated 1916

Operated by Western Maryland Railway Co. 1917

Fairmont Helen's Run Railway Company

Incorporated 1915

Operated by the Western Maryland Railway Co. 1916

Frederick and Pennsylvania Line Railroad Company

George's Creek and Cumberland Railroad Company

Incorporated 1876

Merged into Western Maryland Railway Co. 1917

Hanover Branch Rail Road Company

Incorporated 1847

Merged into Hanover Junction, Hanover and Gettysburg Rail Road Company 1874

Hanover Junction, Hanover and Gettysburg Rail Road Company

Formed 1874

through consolidation of: Susquehanna, Gettysburg and Potomac Railway Co. and Hanover Branch Rail Road Co.

Merged into the Baltimore and Harrisburg Railway Co. 1886

Piedmont and Cumberland Railway Company (MD or WV?)

Incorporated 1886

Acquired by Western Maryland Rail Road Co. 1905

Somerset Coal Railway Company

Incorporated 1915

Operated by the Western Maryland Railway Co. 1915

West Virginia Central and Pittsburg Railway Company (MD?)

Incorporated 1882

Acquired by Western Maryland Rail Road Co. 1905

Western Maryland Rail Road Company

Incorporated 1852

The Western Maryland Railway Company

Incorporated 1909

Purchased property of Western Maryland Rail Road Co. under foreclosure proceedings, 1909

Western Maryland Railway Company

Formed 1917

Through consolidation of: The Western Maryland Railway Co., Baltimore and Harrisburg Railway Co., The Baltimore and Harrisburg Railway Company (Western Extension), The Baltimore and Harrisburg Railway Company (Eastern Extension), The Baltimore and Cumberland Valley Rail Road Company, Connellsville and State Line Railway Company, The George's Creek and Cumberland Railroad Company, The Pennsylvania Railroad Company (MD), The Baltimore and Cumberland Valley Railway Company.

Williamsport, Nessle and Martinsburg Railway Company

Incorporated 1913

Operated by The Western Maryland Railway Co. 1915

See following map for the location of these railroad lines.

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