Resinol Chemical Company Collection 1895-1950, MS. 2178

Maryland Historical Society
Library of Maryland History

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Resinol Chemical Company Collection, 1895-1950
Maryland Historical Society
 
  

(Text converted and initial EAD tagging provided by Apex Data Services, March 1999.)
 

Resinol Chemical Company Collection, 1895-1950
Maryland Historical Society

Contact Information:
Manuscripts Department
Maryland Historical Society Library
201 West Monument Street
Baltimore MD 21201-4674
410.685.3750
Fax: 410.385.2105
library@mdhs.org
www.mdhs.org



Descriptive Summary

RESINOL CHEMICAL COMPANY COLLECTION

MS. 2178*

Maryland Historical Society

Baltimore MD 21201-4674

Dr. Merville Hamilton Carter (1857-1939), his brother Allan L. Carter (1871-1944), and their cousin Henry Stier Dulaney (1849-1928), started the Resinol Chemical Company in 1895. It was first listed in the Polk Baltimore City directories at 801 Bloomingdale Rd. (1896), then at 316 W. Lombard St. (1897-1902). Since 1903 the company has been located at 517 W. Lombard St., Baltimore. The company manufactured skin-care products developed by Dr. Carter in his private practice. Resinol ointment or unguentum was (and is) a general-purpose preparation used in treating psoriasis, eczema, poison ivy, mild burns, etc. Other products were Resinol soap, Resinol shaving sticks, and Elixir Cascanata, a laxative and tonic. Company advertising was vigorous, with ads in many newspapers and journals, large mailings of circulars and pamphlets, and (apparently) baby beauty contests in the early years. The company achieved world-wide distribution. Its British outlet was John H. Buffham & Co., with whom Resinol dealt from 1899 to 1943 and perhaps longer. After the deaths of the original principals, the firm was continued by H. LeRoy Carter (son of Merville H. Carter) and later by Henry LeRoy Carter, Jr. At some point (1940s??) the company began to decline. After 1956 Resinol was listed in the Baltimore directories as a soap manufacturer, but it continued to distribute ointment.

The Royal Drug Company, also called the Royal Drug Company, Inc. or the Royal Drug Company of Baltimore City, may have been started in 1895/6 by George R. Debnam. It was incorporated in 1901. Then or soon after it apparently was taken over by Resinol (Carter) interests; by 1904 it was located on the Resinol premises at 517 W. Lombard St. Debnam was out of the operation by 1906. In 1900 the company dealt in “Royal Headache Tablets.” By 1939 its sole function was to package tablets made by others. The corporation officers at that time were Allan L. Carter, his wife Caroline C. Carter, and Arthur S. Dulaney (son of Henry Stier Dulaney). The enterprise yielded little income: by 1945 it was starting to show a loss, and probably was dissolved after 1950.

 


Directory Information

Resinol Chemical Company

Selected directory information - Polk's Baltimore City Directory

1894

Not listed

1895

Not listed

1896

Resinol Chemical Co., 801 Bloomingdale rd Not listed in business directory

1897

Resinol Chemical Co., 316 W. Lombard In business directory under Chemical manufacturers, dealers, and importers

1898

RESINOL CHEMICAL CO (Henry S. Dulaney, Merville H. Carter, Allen L. Carter) Manufacturers Pharmaceutical Specialties, 316 w Lombard. In business directory under heading given above

1902

Same as 1898

1903

Listed at 517 w Lombard

1904

Same as 1903. In business directory under Chemists, manufacturing

1905

Same

1906

Same

1915

Same..., 517 w Lombard Phone St. Paul 8160

1924-25

Same..., Phone Plaza 5461

1929

Merville H. and Allan L. Carter only, given as officers (owners)

1930

RESINOL CHEMICAL COMPANY (Merville H, Allan L and H. LeRoy Carter)...

1936

Same as 1930

1940

Allan L. and H. LeRoy Carter only, given as officers (owners)

1942

Title of company printed in small letters instead of all caps, perhaps for the first time since 1898 [indication of decline?]

1955

Not listed under name or business

1956

Resinol Chemical Co H. LeRoy Carter jr mgr soap mfrs 517 W Lombard

1957

No listing for Resinol, although H. LeRoy Carter is listed as sls mgr Resinol

1958

Resinol Chemical Co (Mrs. Caroline Z.[C.?] Carter, H. LeRoy Carter jr) soap mfrs...

1959

No listing for Resinol; Henry LeRoy Carter, Jr. listed as Supt. Resinol

1961

Resinol Chemical Co.; H. LeRoy Carter Jr mgr soap mfrs 517 W Lombard

1963

No listing for Resinol; Henry LeRoy Carter Jr listed as mgr Resinol Chemical

1964

Resinot Chemical Co (H. LeRoy Carter) soap mfrs 517 W. Lombard Under Carter's name, Resinol is given as Resinoil -- lousy proofreading in this edition of Polk

1976

Listed in phone book at 517 W. Lombard

Note: As of 1975, the company continued to distribute ointment. According to a University of Baltimore student doing a market study on the company, the market for Resinol products became completely static some time ago, and the company made little effort to expand it. The people who buy Resinol products today are the same who bought it fifty years ago -- and they're dying out. [Douglas S. Harrington, personal communication to E.M. Daniels, 5/26/76. Please do not quote this.]

Royal Drug Company

Selected directory information - Polk's Baltimore City Directory

1892

Not listed

1895

Not listed

1896

Royal Drug Co, George R. Debnam, proprietor, 2031 St Paul

1898

Same as 1896

1899

Royal Drug Co, George R. Debnam, manager, 235 Equitable Building

1900

Royal Drug Co., George R. Debnam, mngr, 217 e Baltimore

1901

Royal Drug Company, George R. Debnam, Manager, Royal Headache Tablets 106 w Lombard

1902

Royal Drug Co (The) 106 w Lombard

1903

Same as 1902

1904

Royal Drug Co, Oliver J. Matthews, sec, 517 w Lombard

1905

Royal Drug Co., 517 w Lombard

1906

Same as 1905

1907

Same as 1905

1916

Royal Drug Co., Allan L. Carter pres 517 w Lombard

1926

Not listed

1936

Not listed

1940

Royal Drug Co. Inc, Allan L Carter pres, Arth S. Dulaney sec-treas drugs whol 517 W Lombard

1942

Not listed

1947

Listed in phone book

1948

Not listed in phone book

1949

Not listed in phone book

1976

Not listed in phone book

Debnam, George R.

1892

Debnam, George R., druggist, 2031 St. Paul

1895

Same as 1892

1896

Same

1898

Same

1899

Debnam Geo R, mngr, 235 Equitable Bldg, h 507 e 23d n

1900

Debnam Geo R, mngr, Royal Drug Co, 217 e Balto, h 507 e 23d n

1901

Debnam Geo R, mngr Royal Drug Co, h 507 e 23d n

1902

Debnam, George R, mngr The Royal Drug Co....

1903

Debnam, Geo R, mngr The Royal Drug Co....

1904

Debnam, Geo R., vice-pres, 517 W. Lombard, h...

1905

Debnam, Geo R, chemist, 2305 N. Charles

1906

Not listed

1907

Debnam, Geo R, propr Chesapeake Drug Co [nw c Pratt & Light], h 2305 N. Charles

Biographical information - Dielman File Polk's Baltimore City Directory

Dulaney, Henry Stier, 1849-1928

Biographical sketch in Andrews Tercentenary History..., II:190-193

1894

Dulaney, Henry S. (H.S. Dulaney & Co.) 2129 Maryland Ave.

1896

Dulaney, Henry S., mngr, 22 s Gay, h 2106 Oak

1897

Dulaney, Henry S., mngr 300 w Lombard, h 2106 Oak

1898

Dulaney, Henry S. (Resinol Chemical Co), 2106 Oak

(Dulaney, H S & Co., Wm J. Ogden, mngr., furnace grates, 22 s Gay)

1904

Dulaney, Henry S (Resinol Chemical Co) 2321 Md av

1915

Dulaney, Henry S. (Resinol Chemical Co) h Charles-st av ext nr Forest av

1924-25

Dulaney, Henry S (Estelle; Resinol Chemical Co) installing player pianos 611 W. Redwood h. 4000 n. Charles

1929

Not listed

Dulaney, Arthur Sim, Sr., d. 11/16/1953 aet. 69

Son of Henry Stier Dulaney. Was executive secretary of Eudowood Sanatorium

1916

Dulaney, Arthur S. pres Fruit Puddine Co

1936

Dulaney, Arthur S. pres Fruit Puddine Co

1940

Dulaney, Arthur S. (Ethel S.) pres Fruit Puddine Co,

[also, sec-treas of Royal Drug Co., Inc.] h 910 W. Belvedere av

Carter, Merville Hamilton, 1857(6?)-1939

Biographical sketches in Men of Md., (MF. 180.M53), p. 34; Hall, II:440; Andrews Tercentenary History..., II:172-175; Men of Mark in Maryland, IV:75-76

1894

Carter, Merville H., physician 1800 w Balto

1895

Same

1896

Same

1897

Same

1898

Carter, Merville H (Resinol Chemical Co), physician, 1800 w Balto

1904

Carter, Merville H. (Resinol Chemical Co) physician, 2900 n Calvert

1915

Carter, Mervill H. (Resinol Chemical Co) h 2900 N. Charles [almost certainly an error for Calvert]

1924-25

Carter, Melville H. (Resinol Chemical Co) pres. Southern Hotel Co, v. pres Boyden Steel Corp, 2900 n. Calvert

1936

Carter, Merville H (Mary G; Resinol Chemical Co), phys 2900 n Calvert h do

See also the newspaper clipping of April 29, 1926 in the collection (MS. 2178)

Carter, Henry LeRoy, 1882-1951

Son of Merville Hamilton Carter

1936

Carter, H. LeRoy (Virginia; Resinol Chemical Co) h 843 University pkwy

Carter, Henry LeRoy, Jr.

See under Resinol Chemical Company, 1956-64

1976

Listed in phone book at 843 W University Pkwy

Carter, Allan L., 1871-1944

Brother of Merville H. Carter. Wife was Caroline Corse (d. 1/5/1958). Died with an estate possibly close to $1 million

1894

Carter, Allen L., trav. agt., 1800 w Balto

1896

Carter, Allan L., salesman, 1800 w Balto.

1897

Carter, Allen L., salesman, 1800 w Balto

1898

Carter, Allen L. (E A Carter Shoe Co and Resinol Chemical Co), 2110 Mt. Royal ter

1904

Carter, Allan L. (Resinol Chemical Co) 2120 Mt. Royal ter

1915

Carter, Allan L (Resinol Chemical Co) h 3902 n Charles

1916

Carter, Allen L. chemist h n Charles nr w 39th

1924-25

Carter, Allan L. (Caroline C.; Resinol Chemical Co) treasurer Prodento Tooth Paste Co h 3902 n Charles

1936

Carter, Allan L (Caroline C, Resinol Chemical Co) h 3902 n Charles

Collection description

RESINOL CHEMICAL COMPANY

SALES BOOKS

15 vols.

# 1 Daybook

Feb. 1896-Dec. 1896

# 2-4 Orderbooks

Jan. 1897-April 1901

# 5-13 Sales books

May 1901-July 1914

# 15-16 Sales books

Dec. 1915-Feb. 1918

[GENERAL] JOURNALS

4 vols.

Unnumbered

Aug. 1895-Jan. 1899

Feb. 1899-Dec. 1905

Jan. 1924-Dec. 1931

Jan. 1932-Dec. 1943

LEDGERS

7 vols.

General ledgers (contain ledger and control accounts)

Ledger A

Aug. 1895-Dec. 1897

Private Ledger

1898-1918

Subsidiary ledgers (contain customer accounts)

Ledger B

1898-1901

C

1901-1906

D

1907-1912

E

1913-1917

F

1917-1918

[CASH] JOURNALS

14 vols.

First series (so designated for convenience: the two sets of books run concurrently) - Books appear to be those in which transactions were first recorded, sometimes called daybooks.

One unnumbered volume without cover

Feb. 1896-Oct. 1897

# 1-8

Nov. 1897-Dec. 1911

# 9-11 Daybooks

Jan. 1912-Dec. 1918

Two unnumbered Cash journals

Jan. 1919-Jan. 1921

Sept. 1923-Dec. 1925

CASH BOOKS [JOURNALS]

20 vols.

Second series - Seems to be the official set of books, with entries properly labelled for posting

# 1-20

Aug. 1895-June 1946

LETTER BOOKS

41 vols.

# 2-3

Oct. 31, 1896-Aug. 31, 1897

# 5-43

Dec. 24, 1897-Aug. 26, 1911

ROYAL DRUG COMPANY

Account book - money spent on newspapers ads and ads in drugstores (?)

1899-1900

Account book - special journal (?), showing mostly debits to Interest and credits to Sundries

April 1900-April 1901

Ledger B [general ledger]

1929-1950

BOX - Most of these items were found scattered through the account books; slips in the folders indicate where items were. The Royal Drug Co. material was all in Ledger B of that company.

RESIONAL CHEMICAL COMPANY

Sales summaries

14 folders

1898, August-December

Cascanata, Soap

1 item(s)

1899, January-November

Cascanata, Soap

1 item(s)

1899, December-1904, December

Soap

5

1904

Canadian Cascanata

1

1905, 1906

Cascanata, Soap

4

1907, 1908

?

4

1907, 1908, 1909

Soap, Ointment, in St. Paul, Duluth, Minneapolis, Kas. City, Saint Louis, St. Joseph, Mo.

1

1909

Ointment, Shaving Sticks, Toilet Soap

3

1910

Ointment, Shaving Sticks, Toilet Soap

3

1911

Ointment, Resinol Soap, Shaving Sticks

3

1912

Ointment, Resinol Soap, Resinol Shaving Sticks

3

1913

Resinol Ointment, Resinol Soap, Resinol Shaving Sticks

3

1916

Resinol Ointment, Resinol Soap, Resinol Shaving Sticks

3

1917

Resinol Ointment, Resinol Soap, Resinol Shaving Sticks

3

Balance sheets

3 folders

n.d. [period 1914-16]

1925, June 30

1928, November 30

3 items

Assets in London, n.d.

1 folder

1 items

Sundry creditors

7 folders

1906, Dec. 31

1 item

1907, June 30

1 item

1917, June 30

Dec. 31

2

1918, June 29

Dec. 31

2

1921, June 30

1

1925, December 31

1

1926, December 31

1

Advertising expenses

3 folders

1906, December 31

Medical Journal

Advertising Account

1

1912

Medical Journal

advertising expenses

1

1916

Advertising expenses?

1

Business letters

3 folders

1898-1902

15 items

1912-1914

7

1916-1918

6

Testimonial letters

6 folders

[These letters and photographs were taken as a sample from a number found in a box in the basement of the Resinol building]

1902, Nov. 11

photograph enclosed

2 items

1902, Nov. 23

photograph enclosed

2

1902, Dec. 3

photograph enclosed

2

1902, Dec. 6

photograph enclosed

2

1902, Dec. 12

Bachrach photograph enclosed

2

1904, May 9

1

Miscellanea

1 folder

1931, Dec. 31; n.d.

4 items

Advertising pamphlets

1 folder

n.d.

“Gleanings”

n.d.

“The Hygienic and Remedial Value of a Good Medicinal Soap”

n.d.

“The Resinol Beauty Album”

n.d.

[“How to Care for the Skin, Hair and Complexion” (?) - outer pages missing]

4 items

ROYAL DRUG COMPANY

Profit and loss statements, etc.

10 folders

1941

Profit & Loss Statement, Balance Sheet, Trial balances, inventories, working papers

6 items

1942

Working Papers - Profit and Loss Statements, Balance Sheets; Trial Balances, Inventories, misc. expenses

6

1943

Profit and Loss Statement, Balance Sheet, Trial balances, inventory

4

1944

Trial balances, Profit and Loss Statement, Balance Sheet, Inventory

2

1945

Profit and Loss Statements, Balance Sheets, Trial balances, inventories

4

1946

Preliminary Trial Balance, Profit and Loss Statement, Balance Sheet, Inventory

2

1947

[Working papers] - Trial Balance, Profit and Loss, Balance Sheet; [Inventory]

2

1948

Working Papers - Trial Balance, Profit and Loss Statement, Balance Sheet; inventory

2

1949

Estimated Profit and Loss; Working Papers - Trial Balance, Profit and Loss Statement, Balance Sheet

2

1950

Inventories for 3/10, 12/31

2

Applications for renewal of manufacturer's permit by the Maryland Board of Pharmacy, 1939-1950 1938-1949

1 folder 22 items

1938, September 1 Royal Drug Company to State Tax Commission of Maryland

1 folder 1 item

1947, October 29 State Tax Commission of Maryland to Royal Drug Company

1 folder 1

1950, March 11 United States Corporation Income Tax Return for Calendar Year 1949

1 folder 1

1930, Dec. 4

Buffham, John H. to Dr. M.L. Sarup, India

2 items

n.d.

Buffham, John H. Advertising letter and circular

2 items

[These items were taken as a sample from a boxful of similar ones, addressed to different parts of the British dominions.]

Newspaper clippings

1 folder

1926, April 29

Dr. Merville Hamilton Carter

n.d.

Virginia Le Roy Carter

2 items

n.d.

Composition (?) book, probably owned by a young woman

1 vol.

Material transferred to Graphics Division, 7/76

6 items

4 postcards

1 Resinol business card with the name H. Beinhardt and an address on the back

1 Order of service and announcements, Mount Vernon Place Methodist Episcopal Church, Dec. 6, 1914

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