Paul Henderson Photograph Collection Overview

Maryland Historical Society
Photograph Collection Inventory List
Special Collections Department
201 West Monument Street, Baltimore, Maryland 21201
410-685-3750 x359; special_collections@mdhs.org 

 PAUL HENDERSON PHOTOGRAPH COLLECTION, circa 1945-1965
BCLM HEN

Overview


© 2014 Maryland Historical Society
Compiled by Jennifer A. Ferretti 

Paul Henderson photographs in Collections Online (click and scroll down)
See also: Paul Henderson Manuscript and Ephemera Collection, MS 3089 
See also: Paul Henderson Photographs Blog (contains information about the exhibition, videos, and slideshows of unidentified photos)

Summary Contents: 
Creator
Title
Size
Source
Abstract
Language(s) of material
Access
Copyright information 
Preferred citation
Custodial history 
Processing note
Related collections
Creator history/biographical note
Scope and content note
Arrangement
Key terms (subject and genre headings)
Container lists 

Summary:

Creator
Henderson, Paul, 1899-1988 

Title
Paul Henderson Photograph Collection, circa 1935-1965 

Size
9 cartons and 4 ledger boxes; approximately 6,950 items 

Source
Transfer from the Baltimore City Life Museums, 1997-1998. Bequeathed to Baltimore City Life Museums by Paul Henderson.  

Abstract
Paul Henderson (1899-1988) was a photojournalist for the Afro-American newspapers and as a freelance photographer. The Paul Henderson Photograph Collection (circa 1935-1965) contains photographic negatives and some photographic prints that document the Civil Rights Era in Maryland, with particular focus on activities, people, and groups in the city of Baltimore. Subjects consist mostly of unidentified people, but also include sports, education, Civil Rights activities, politicians, entertainers, civic and church groups, and much more.

Languages(s) of material
English 

Access
Original acetate negatives are restricted from public use. Reference photographs of all negatives are available during library hours and do not require appointment for use. Appointments are preferred for viewing of original photographic prints. Contact specialcollections@mdhs.org for more details.

Copyright information
For more information on obtaining rights and reproductions, contact the Department of Imaging Services at imagingservices@mdhs.org.

Preferred citation
Paul Henderson Photograph Collection, BCLM HEN. Baltimore City Life Museum Collection of the Maryland Historical Society, Baltimore, Maryland. 

Custodial history
The Paul Henderson Photograph Collection was transferred from the Baltimore City Life Museums after it closed (1997-1998). The papers were original bequeathed to the Baltimore City Life Museums by Paul Henderson. Baltimore City Life Museums received the papers in 1989 after Henderson’s death (1998). 

Processing note
The order in which the collection was received has been maintained. 

Related collections
Paul Henderson Manuscript and Ephemera Collection, MS 3089. Special Collections Department, Maryland Historical Society.

Creator history/biographical note
Paul Henderson (1899-1988) was born on October 19, 1899 in Springfield, Tennessee and was the youngest of four children born to Ike A. and Annie L. Henderson. At age 18 he registered for the World War I draft on September 12, 1918 while working as a bricklayer for a steel company in Gary, Indiana. At some point during his residence in Gary, he attended the School for Professional Photography. 

Henderson moved to Baltimore in 1929 and became what the Afro-American newspaper called their “first photographer.” In addition to his job at the Afro-American, Henderson worked as a freelance photographer. Henderson had become well-known for taking pictures of large groups and distant objects atop a ladder he carried. Henderson was also an active member of his community. He was a vestryman at St. James Episcopal Church, charter member of the Druid Hill Avenue Neighborhood Club, assistant treasurer of a local Frontiers International club, member of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), and supported the Salvation Army. All of his community interests are reflected in his photographs.

Henderson died on Tuesday, May 24, 1988 at Union Memorial Hospital after a reported battle with a long-term illness.

More information about Paul Henderson can be found on the Paul Henderson Photographs blog.

Scope and content note
The Paul Henderson Photograph Collection (circa 1935-1965) contains photographic negatives and some photographic prints that document the Civil Rights Era in Maryland, with particular focus on activities, people, and groups in the city of Baltimore. Subjects consist mostly of unidentified people, but also include sports, education, Civil Rights activities, politicians, entertainers, civic and church groups, and much more. 

Both the negatives and prints strongly represent the black community of Maryland, with particular focus on the city of Baltimore. Pennsylvania Avenue businesses and pedestrians; educational institutions such as Morgan State College (now University); sports, including Baltimore’s Elite Giants Negro League baseball team; National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) meetings and protests; politicians; church functions; and much more. Subjects consist mostly of unidentified individuals, groups, and events.

The photographic prints also contain members of the Henderson or Johnson Family and photographs by other photographers.

Arrangement
The Paul Henderson Collection maintains original order as provided by the Baltimore City Life Museums. Chronological order seems to be represented, although some photographs of a particular subject could be found in multiple boxes. 

Key Terms (Subject and Genre Headings)

Subjects
Civil rights
Baltimore (Md.)
African-American history 

Occupations
Photographers
African American photographers 

Names
Henderson, Paul, 1899-1988
Afro-American Newspapers 

Places
Baltimore (Md.)
Maryland

Special Formats (Genres)
Photographs

Container Lists

Negatives

Note: The Henderson Collection inventory lists are undergoing reworking in order to provide the most current, verified information to visitors. Please check back for updated lists. Click on the links to each invidual group of boxes. These links will either lead to the box page or directly to the container list (PDF).

BOX A1 - BOX A2 (ca. 1946, 1948-1956, 1958-1959, and undated)
Clubs, bars, and restaurants, musicians and entertainers, Arrow Beer advertisement photographs, Negro League Baseball team Elite Giants, classes and schoolgroups, factory workers, businesses, Baltimore City street scenes, parks, National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) meetings and events, Civil Rights demonstrations, Planned Parenthood, politicians, weddings, Pennsylvania Avenue, birthdays, Harlem Globetrotters, etc. Two boxes total.

BOX B1 - BOX B2 (1947-1954, 1956-1957, 1959, 1962)
Pennsylvania Avenue, movie theaters, National Association for the Advancment of Colored People (NAACP) events, politicians, barber shop, clothing stores, grocery stores, businesses, Johns Hopkins Hospital, Maryland Normal and Industrial School at Bowie (now Bowie State University), graduates, classes, Druid Hill Park, etc. Two boxes total.

CARTON 1, PART I (HEN.01.01 - HEN.01.10)
CARTON 1, PART II (HEN.01.11 - HEN.01.15)

Mostly unidentified portraits from 1948-1949. Also includes churches and priests, Druid Hill Park, funerals, graduations, weddings, Fitzgerald Apartments, sports, classes, social groups, birthday celebrations, etc. Fourteen boxes total.

Carton 2 - Boxes HEN.02.01 - HEN.02.18 (1949-1951): Mostly unidentified portraits. Also includes weddings, women-organized church gatherings, classrooms, Morgan State College (now University) sports and teams, gatherings, graduations, churches, library, banquets, funerals, etc. Eighteen boxes total. 

Carton 3 - Boxes HEN.03.01 - HEN.03.16 (1951-1952): Mostly unidentified portraits. Also includes Morgan State College events and faculty portraits, and also weddings, church activities, etc. Sixteen boxes total. 

Carton 4 - Boxes HEN.04.01 - HEN.04.10 (1948, 1953-1953, and not dated): Mostly unidentified portraits. Also includes Arbutus Memorial Park, graduation, social gatherings, adults and children, funerals, Alpha Kappa Alpha Convention, Morgan State College (now University), Maryland Normal and Industrial School at Bowie (now Bowie State University), church activities, etc. Ten boxes total. 

Carton 5 - Boxes HEN.05.01 - HEN.05.17 (1953-1954): Mostly unidentified portraits. Also includes weddings, graduations, social gatherings, classrooms, birthdays, graduations, church demonstration, street scenes, churches, library, Maryland Normal and Industrial School at Bowie (now Bowie State University), etc. Seventeen boxes total.

Carton 6 - Boxes HEN.06.01 - HEN.06.16 (1954-1959, and not dated): Mostly unidentified portraits. Also includes Arbutus Memorial Cemetery, hospital and nurses, Morgan State College sports, classroom, banquet, birthday celebration, funeral, military portraits, church choir, Chick Webb Memorial Recreation Center, etc. Sixteen boxes total. 

Carton 7 - Boxes HEN.07.01 - HEN.07.15 (1959, 1962, and not dated): Mostly unidentified portraits. Also includes church gathering, Morgan State College (now University), possibly photographs of the Baltimore neigborhood Cherry Hill, graduates, funeral, etc. Fifteen boxes total. 

Carton 8 - Boxes HEN.08.01 - HEN.08.13 (1947, 1953, and not dated): Mostly unidentified portraits. Also includes church activities, wedding, school art exhibit, funeral, St. James Episcoal Church, Bethel A.M.E. Church, etc. Thirteen boxes total. 

Carton 9 - Boxes HEN.09.01 - HEN.09.12 (ca. 1934-1949 and not dated): Mostly unidentified group portraits. Also includes Morgan State College (now University), church gatherings, Cortez Peters School, Duke Ellington, N.A.A.C.P, Afro-American  newspaper. Twelve boxes total. Please note that most of the photographs in this crate are not available for scanning. 

Cornish-Henderson Prints (1991.44) and Copy Photographs

Download the Cornish-Henderson Print Inventory (1991.44)

The Cornish-Henderson gift consists of Henderson family portraits, ephemera, and vintage prints produced by Henderson. 

The Copy Photographs portion of this collection are modern prints made from Henderson's negatives found in Part I. They are for reference only. 

To learn more about the subjects Henderson photographed, visit the Paul Henderson More Information page.
See also: Paul Henderson Manuscript and Ephemera Collection, MS 3089

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