N. Louise Young Photograph Collection, PP283

Finding Aid to the N. Louise Young Photograph Collection, PP283

H. Furlong Baldwin Library, Maryland Historical Society

Collection summary

Title

N. Louise Young Photograph Collection

Call number

PP283

Inclusive dates

ca 1890 - 1981

Bulk dates

Not dated

Extent

2 boxes

Abstract

Collection of 75 photographs related to Dr. N. Louise Young, (1907-1997) Maryland’s first practicing African-American female physician, and her family. Includes photographs of Dr. Young spanning from childhood to adulthood. There are also photographs of Baltimore’s first African-American owned and operated pharmacy, owned be Dr. Young’s father, Howard E. Young. Manuscript materials originally housed with these photographs are located in MS 3137, N. Louise Young Manuscript Collection.

Related Collections

MS 3137

 

 

Administrative summary

Repository

H. Furlong Baldwin Library

Maryland Historical Society

201 W. Monument St.

Baltimore, MD 21218

www.mdhs.org

specialcollections@mdhs.org

Access restrictions

Open to the public without restrictions.

Use restrictions

For information about how to purchase digital reproductions and for permission information, please visit the Rights and Reproductions page

Provenance

No accession information located as of December 2013

Processing note

Processed by Damon Talbot, December 2013

 

 

Biographical Note

Dr. N. Louise Young

The only daughter of Dr. and Mrs. Howard Young, Louise Young holds the distinction of being Maryland’s first practicing African-American female physician. After completing her undergraduate studies at Howard University in just three years, she advanced to the School of Medicine and gained her degree in 1930. After completing her internship at Freedmen’s Hospital in 1931 and her residency at Provident Hospital in obstetrics and gynecology, Dr. Young was appointed staff physician at the Maryland Training School for Girls in 1933-1940. She also served, for various later periods, as the physician at Morgan State University and Douglass High School.

At Baltimore’s Provident Hospital, she served as a member of the staff from 1940-1950, and also served on the executive committee. She was assistant chief of obstetrics from 1945-1950; chief of obstetrics from 1950-1952; and chairperson of the Provident committee from 1948-1949. This committee raised over $9,000 from the Elks fraternal organization to open the Elks Blood Bank at Provident Hospital.

Dr. Young, like her parents, also supported the right of individuals. She served as a member of the Mayor of Baltimore’s Task Force on Civil Rights. During the Administration of Mayor Theodore McKeldin, she sat on the city’ Hospital Integration Subcommittee. Dr. Young also acted as Maryland’s chairperson of the Committee to Prevent Passage of Voluntary Sterilization Laws, laws similar to what had been enacted against the Jewish population in Nazi Germany.

Alfred Young

The patriarch of the family, Reverend Young was born a slave in Cambridge, Maryland. Emancipated at seventeen in 1864, Young moved to Baltimore whre he soon married Emma Jane Carpenter Sorrell. The couple had fourteen children, ten boys and four girls. Notes from a family history recount that “three of the boys became pharmacists, and seven were musicians. Two of the girls became teachers.”

After an initial period of training, in 1876 Young became a licensed Methodist Episcopal preacher. He would later graduate with a theology degree from Howard Univeristy. Reverend Young served at numerous churches throughout Maryland – from Reisterstown and Lutherville in Baltimore County to Sandy Springs in Montgomery County. His most prestigious appointment, however, was in Baltimore City where he presided over the Sharp Street Memorial Church for two years.

Howard E. Young

The fourth child of Reverend and Mrs. Young, Howard E. Young’s early schooling occurred “wherever his father’s pastorate required.” In 1893 he entered the School of Pharmacy at Howard University and graduated with the degree of Doctor of Pharmacy several years later. Initially working in Washington, Dr. Young, “with…a loan of $100 – and with determination and faith” opened Baltimore’s first African-American owned and operated pharmacy in May of 1900. In 1905 he married Estelle Hall. The couple had three children.

Dr. and Mrs. Young were actively involved in the fight for human rights in Maryland. Dr. Young served as the Secretary-Treasurer of the Niagara Movement in Maryland, a precursor organization to the NAACP. Mrs. Young acted as President of Baltimore’s Colored Women’s Suffrage Association.

Estelle Hall Young

Mrs. Young, a native of Georgia, attended Spellman College and the Atlanta University where she was a student of Dr. W.E.B. Dubois. Though originally trained as a schoolteacher, she put aside the profession after her marriage. Estelle Young devoted herself to civic causes in the Baltimore area. According to a biographical sketch, she established the first African-American women’s suffrage club in the United States. As part of this organization’s work, classed were held at Baltimore’s “Colored” YWCA to teach African-American women the political processes involved with voting.

(Information for the biographical note was taken from exhibit labels for an exhibit on Dr. Young held by MdHS.)

Scope and Content

The collection consists of two boxes of 75 photographs relating to Dr. N. Louise Young and her family. These include photographs of Dr. Young at various times in her life, her father Howard E. Young, and her grandfather Reverend Alfred Young. There are also unidentified photographs of various Young family members, and one image of President Franklin Delano Roosevelt with unidentified people.

Container List

 

 

 

 

Description

Dates

Box

Image ID

N. Louise Young in cap and gown

not dated

1

PP283.1 - .2

N. Louise Young

not dated

1

PP283.3 - .8

N. Louise Young (5 duplicate prints)

not dated

1

PP283.9.1 - .9.5

Childhood portraits of N. Louise Young

not dated

1

PP283.10 - .12

N. Louise Young, Verda Welcome, and unidentified people

not dated

1

PP283.13

N. Louise Young and Howard E. Young

not dated

1

PP283.14

N. Louise Young and her husband, William Spencer

circa 1975

1

PP283.15

N. Louise Young (2 prints)

circa 1950

2

PP283.16 - .17

Howard E. Young

circa 1925

1

PP283.18 - .19

Howard E. Young

ca 1900

1

PP283.20 - .21

Howard E. Young

not dated

1

PP283.22 - .27

Howard Young in Young's Pharmacy, 1100 Druid Hill Avenue

circa 1915

2

PP283.28

Young's Pharmacy, 1100 Druid Hill Avenue

circa 1915

2

PP283.29

Young's Pharmacy, 1100 Druid Hill Avenue (Howard Young is standing far left)

ca 1920

2

PP283.30

Mrs. Howard E. Young and unidentified women [Suffragists?]

1919

1

PP283.31

Estelle Hall Young

not dated

1

PP283.32

Estelle Hall Young?

not dated

1

PP283.33

Howard E. Young, Jr.

not dated

2

PP283.34 - .35

The Children of Dr. & Mrs. Howard E. Young

1912

2

PP283.36

Reverend Alfred Young

ca 1890

1

PP283.37 - .39

Reverend Alfred Young

not dated

1

PP283.40

Reverend Alfred Young with wife and family family

ca 1890

1

PP283.41

Emma J. Young

not dated

1

PP283.42 - .43

Robert Young? - N. Louise Young's brother

not dated

2

PP283.44 - .46

Unidentified Young family members

not dated

1

PP283.47 - .54

Young home?

not dated

1

PP283.55

Unidentified man with horses

not dated

1

PP283.56

Unidentified woman

1936

1

PP283.57

Unidentified man in front of Young family pharmacy

not dated

1

PP283.58 - .60

Photographs from trips to Europe, September 1970? and 1981

September 1970?, 1981

1

PP283.61 - .69

Franklin Delano Roosevelt and unidentified people

not dated

1

PP283.70.1 - .70.2