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"On the evening of May 13, 1861, General Benjamin Butler and 1,000 Union soldiers arrived at Baltimore's Camden Street Station by train. Under the cover of a thunderstorm, they fortified Federal Hill to ensure the city of Baltimore remained under Union control, after the Pratt Street Riot less than a month earlier."
LT. GENERAL CLAIRE HUTCHIN PAPERS, 1947-1978 MS 2023
LT. GENERAL CLAIRE HUTCHIN PAPERS,
Maryland Historical Society
201 West Monument Street
Baltimore, MD 21201
Tel: (410) 685-3750
Provenance: The Lt. General Claire Hutchin Papers were donated to the Maryland Historical Society Library in two phases in 1980 and 1982 by Hutchin’s daughter, Mrs. Katherine Menhennet. The materials were delivered to the Library by Mr. Walter M. Jackson.
Size: 2.5 linear feet (5 document boxes and one oversize folder)
Access: Access to this collection is unrestricted.
Copyright: The Lt. General Claire Hutchin Papers are the physical property of the Maryland Historical Society Library. Copyright for published materials belongs to the authors or creators of the works or their legal representatives. For further information, consult the curator.
Permission: Permission to publish material from the collection must be requested in writing from the Head of Special Collections, Maryland Historical Society Library.
Preferred Citation: Lt. General Claire Hutchin Papers, MS 2023
Manuscripts Division, Maryland Historical Society Library
The Lt. General Claire Hutchin Papers
Table of Contents
Biographical Sketch/Organizational History 3
Scope and Content Note 4
Series I: Lt. General Claire Hutchin 5 1
Series II: Governance 5-6 1-3
Series III: Financial Records 6 3-4
Series IV: Bicentennial Programs and Committees 6 4-5
Series V: Printed Material 6 5
Series VI: Speeches 7 5
Series VII: Commemorative Items 7 5
Series VIII: Ephemera 7 5
Container List 8
Total Boxes: 5
Linear Feet: 2.5
BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH AND ORGANIZATION HISTORY
Lt. General Claire Hutchin Papers:
The Maryland Bicentennial Commission
Lt. General Claire E. Hutchin, Jr. was born in 1916 and graduated from the U.S. Military Academy at West Point in 1938 and the Army War College in 1953. He married Katherine Porter Steel in 1938 and they had two daughters, Katherine and Marion, and two sons, Claire III and William. He served for 35 years in the U.S. Army, holding such posts as Chief of Staff to the Commander in the Chief Pacific, 1967-1969. Principal commands include V Corps in Germany, 1969-1971 and the First Army in the North East United States, headquartered at Fort Meade, Maryland, 1971-1973. He retired from the Army in 1973. Lt. General and Mrs. Hutchin were well known for their numerous volunteer activities. The Lt. General was active in organizations such as the Association of the U.S. Army, the Boy Scouts of America, the Maryland State Cancer Crusade, and the USO Council of Greater Baltimore. Lt. General Claire Hutchin died on June 22, 1980. For more information see Series I, Biographical Information.
From 1973 – 1977 Lt. General Hutchin served as Executive Director of the Maryland Bicentennial Commission and was responsible for Commission plans, programs, coordination and management of Bicentennial activities on behalf of the Commissioners; public speaking, collaboration and coordination with federal, state, county and civic groups.
The Maryland Bicentennial Commission for the Commemoration of the American Revolution was created by Chapter 458 of the Acts of the General Assembly of Maryland of 1968. Through Chapters 414 and 527 of the Acts of 1970 the Commission was given necessary powers and placed under the umbrella of the Department of Economic and Community Development. The Commission functions were to help develop and coordinate plans of public and private agencies for the commemoration of the American Revolutionary Era. In 1974, Senate Bill 216 authorized the expansion of the commission membership from fifteen people appointed by the governor to twenty-one. The Commission worked in conjunction with the American Revolution Bicentennial Administration, the Bicentennial Council of the Thirteen Original States, county, city and local committees, and numerous civic and educational institutions in Maryland. Hundreds of projects were focused on five areas, Heritage, Festivals, Horizons, Commemorative Items, and Communications. The Commission reduced its staff and level of activity at the end of FY 1977 although efforts were prolonged until 1984.
SCOPE AND CONTENT NOTE
Lt. General Claire Hutchin Papers
The Lt. General Claire Hutchin Papers contain the records of the Maryland Bicentennial Commission as collected by Lt. General Claire E. Hutchin, Jr.. It includes biographical information, correspondence of Hutchin, bylaws of the Commission, reports, plans, minutes, financial documents, printed materials, speeches, and materials related to the activities and partnerships that the Commission undertook. This collection spans the years of 1948-1978, with bulk dates of 1973-1977. Particularly useful, for the perspective they give of the Commission and its activities, are the annual reports and financial documents. A weakness of the collection is the capriciousness with which materials relating to the activities and partnerships of the Commission were collected and included, leaving many gaps in content and time span.
The bulk of the material is related to the Maryland Bicentennial Commission, and rests in the annual reports, financial documents and materials relating to the activities and partnerships of the Commission. Included in smaller quantity are materials apparently collected by Hutchin, but not related to the Commission, such as materials on the Association of the US Army, his wife Mrs. Kitts Hutchin, and various brochures.
The Maryland Historical Society Library received the collection in good condition, but little recognizable order, and thus the archivist has arranged the files into series. Materials within files were left in their original order unless relationships between the items were apparently nonexistent and a better arrangement presented itself. This accounts for varied materials within and across files, and the researcher should broaden his/her search accordingly. As well, a large portion of the collection arrived in no order whatsoever, and was interfiled where appropriate, or used to create new folders. As several files were found with incorrect or unexplainable titles, they were relabeled, giving either greater scope or more detail. The container list should be consulted in any research inquiry, as the archivist strove to create descriptive folder titles in order to lead the researcher to helpful materials.
Because the bulk of the collection has the short date range of 1973-1977, the files have been arranged alphabetically by folder title. The exception is the subseries of Annual Reports, which is arranged chronologically.
Lt. General Claire Hutchin Papers
Series I: Lt. General Claire Hutchin; 1970-1977 (Box 1, 7 folders)
This series includes biographical information on Lt. General Claire E. Hutchin, Jr., those records in the collection not primarily focused on the Commission and correspondence of Lt. General Hutchin. The bulk of the materials falls between the dates 1973-1977.
Subseries 1: Biographical Information; 1970-1977 (Box 1, 5 Folders)
This subseries includes short biographies and lists of membership for Lt. General Hutchin, materials relating to Mrs. Hutchin, an award of Lt. General Hutchin, his records of the Association of the US Army and four 8 x 10 photographs of Hutchin, including a portrait.
Subseries 2: Correspondence; 1973-1977 (Box 1, 2 Folders)
This subseries is divided into general correspondence of Lt. General Hutchin and his correspondence with Louis Goldstein, Comptroller of the Treasury. Of particular interest is a note from Madame Chiang Kai-shek. Some of the materials refer to the Commission.
Series II: Governance; 1968-1977 (Boxes 1-3, 33 Folders)
This series focuses on the Maryland Bicentennial Commission and includes materials with an administrative function, reports, personnel materials, planning documents, minutes, and annual reports. The bulk of the material falls between 1971-1977.
Subseries 1: Bylaws; 1968-1977 (Box 1, 4 Folders)
This subseries includes the bylaws of the Commission, the legislation of the Maryland General Assembly authorizing and directing the Commission, and other materials that give background information about the Commission, such as a profile of the Commission for ARBA and a document titled, Concept, Objectives and Policies. The materials date from 1968-1977.
Subseries 2: Minutes; 1974-1977 (Box 1, 2 Folders)
This subseries includes a small collection of minutes and excerpts from minutes of Commission meetings. Most of the documents are from 1974.
Subseries 3: MBC Correspondence; 1976-1977 (Box 1, 1 Folder)
This subseries contains one folder of correspondence of the Commission. Included in the file are various agenda and minutes found with the correspondence. Researchers are encouraged to also consult the folder titled C. E. Hutchin correspondence.
Subseries 4: Annual Reports; 1969-1976 (Boxes 1-2, 13 Folders)
This subseries of Annual Reports is arranged chronologically and contains the reports generated after each fiscal year, as well as some retrospective reports spanning several years, and annual reports from other states. These reports are lengthy and include a great deal of information.
Subseries 5: Reports; 1971-1977 (Box 2, 6 Folders)
This subseries is arranged alphabetically and contains a report generated by ARBA on the state commissions, monthly and quarterly reports for 1974-1977, and various reports on Commission programs. Of note is a folder labeled “notebook” that contains various records of the Commission, including apparent lists of who received (or paid for?) various commemorative items.
Subseries 6: Personnel; 1969-1977 (Box 3, 4 Folders)
This subseries contains files relating to the staff of the Commission and to the Commissioners. Also included is a folder of the directories and contact lists used by the commission for mailings, etc. Folders are arranged alphabetically.
Subseries 7: Plans; 1974-1982 (Box 3, 4 Folders)
This subseries contains plans generated to guide the Commission. Of note are the plans for the commission beyond 1976. Folders are arranged alphabetically.
Series III: Financial Records; 1970-1977 (Boxes 3-4, 19 folders)
While this series spans 1970 –1977, it is most comprehensive for the fiscal years 1973-1977, for which there are distinct files. Also included in the series are records of the grants that the Maryland Bicentennial Commission received from the American Bicentennial Revolution Commission(ARBA) and then disbursed, budgetary materials, Hutchin’s timesheets and expense account reports, as well as records relating to foundations set up to coordinate with the Commission. This series is arranged alphabetically.
Series IV: Bicentennial Programs and Committees; 1966-1977 (Boxes 4-5, 31 folders)
This series is arranged alphabetically. The bulk of the material falls between the dates 1973-1977. While much of the records relate specifically to the programs the Commission sponsored and supported, some of the files contain materials that seem to have served a background information. Examples of some of the programs that the commission supported were the Bicentennial Ball, the Bicentennial Bookshelf, Historical Drama, Legislative Biographical Dictionary and the U.S. Frigate Constellation. Also included are the records, as collected by General Hutchin, of organizations that the Commission partnered with, such as the Boy Scouts, the Racial, Ethnic, Native American Advisory Committee and the Bicentennial Council of the 13 Original States, 1974-1976.
Series V: Printed Material; 1947-1977 (Box 5, 6 folders)
This series of Printed Material consists of items collected by Lt. General Hutchin. The Press Clippings folder has the longest date range of 1947-1977, but the majority of the series falls between 1973-1976. The Maryland Continental, the newsletter of the Commission, along with the newsletter of the American Revolution Bicentennial Commission, and assorted press releases, brochures and programs, are the mainstay of the series.
Series VI: Speeches; 1976 (Box 5, 1 folder)
This series contains two speeches given by Lt. General Hutchin in his position as Executive Director of the Commission.
Series VII: Commemorative Items 1973-1974 (Box 5, 2 folders)
Series VII contains a January 1974 Commemorative Items Report of the Commission and materials relating to the Official Maryland Bicentennial Medal. The two folders are arranged alphabetically.
Series VIII: Ephemera; ND (Box 5, 2 folders)
This series is comprised of two undated folders, arranged alphabetically. The first, containing recipes and the second, materials relating to the official symbol of the Maryland Bicentennial Commission.
Lt. General Claire Hutchin Papers
(Lt. General Claire E.Hutchin)
1/1 C. E. Hutchin, Jr. Biography, 1973-1977
1/2 C.E. Hutchin Award from Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, 1976, July 4
1/3 C.E. Hutchin Assoc. of the US Army, 1975-1977
1/4 C.E. Hutchin Photographs, ND
1/5 Mrs. C. E. Hutchin Jr., 1970-1977
1/6 C.E. Hutchin Correspondence, 1973-1977
1/7 C.E. Hutchin Correspondence with Louis Goldstein, 1973-1977
(Maryland Bicentennial Commission)
1/8 Bylaws, 1970
1/9 Concept, Objectives and Policies, 1973 –1974
1/10 Legislation, 1968-1977
1/11 MBC Profile for ARBA, 1974
1/12 Minutes, 1974-1977
1/13 MBC Correspondence, 1976-1977
1/14 FY 1969-1973 Report, 1969-1973
1/15 FY 1969-1973 Report Materials, 1969-1973
1/16 Notebook – Reports 1969-1975, 1969-1975
1/17 Annual Reports from Other States, 1971-1976
1/18 FY 1974 Annual Report Master, 1974 September
1/19 FY 1975 Annual Report Master, 1975 September
1/20 Report to the Commissioners 1 July 1975-30 June 1976, 1976 August 28
2/1 Report to the Commissioners 1 July 1975-30 June 1976 – Complete
Master, 1976 August 28
2/2 FY 1976 Annual Report, Partial Master, 1976 September
2/3 FY 1976 Annual Report, Edited, 1976 September
2/4 FY 1977 Annual Report, Materials, 1976 September
2/5 FY 1976 Annual Report Materials, 1976
2/6 RBA Report of State Commissions, 1975
2/7 Black Participation in Bicentennial Commemoration, Report on,
2/8 Monthly Reports, 1974-1977
2/9 Notebook, 1971-1976
2/10 Program Evaluation Reports, 1974-1976
2/11 Project Reports – Publications, 1978 January
2/12 Quarterly Reports, 1975-1977
2/13 Research Reports, 1978, January
3/1 Commissioners, 1969-1976
3/2 Directories and Contact Lists, 1973-1977
3/3 Leslie Gore Resume, c. 1972
3/4 Staff, 1973-1976
3/5 Long Range Plan, 1974
3/6 MBC Guiding Principles, [1977?]
3/7 Operational Plans, 1974-1977
3/8 Plan for FYs 1978-1982, 1976
3/9 ARBA Grant Guidelines, 1974 September
3/10 ARBA Grant Refunds, 1976-1977
3/11 ARBA Grant Reports, 1970-1977
3/12 Audit(1974), 1971-1974
3/13 Blank Final Funding Report Forms, ND
3/14 Budget, 1973-1976
3/15 Completed Grant Reports due ARBA, 1976-1977
3/16 Early Grants, 1974-1975
3/17 Final Grant Reports due ARBA, 1976
3/18 Financial Records FY 1973, 1973
3/19 Financial Records FY 1974, 1974
3/20 Financial Records FY 1975, 1975
3/21 Financial Records FY 1976, 1976
3/22 Financial Records FY 1977, 1977
4/1 Hutchin Timesheets, 1975-1977
4/2 Hutchin Expense Account, 1975-1976
4/3 John Hanson Memorial Fund, 1972
4/4 Requests for time extensions for ARBA grants, 1976
4/5 Title X Grant Projects, 1976-1977
4/6 All Nation’s Foundation, 1976-1977
4/7 Annapolis, 1968-1973
4/8 Bicentennial Ball, 1976
4/9 Bicentennial Bookshelf Lists, 1975-1976
4/10 Bicentennial Communities, 1975-1976
4/11 Bicentennial Council of the 13 Original States, 1974-1976
4/12 Bicentennial Foundation of Maryland, 1973-1975
4/14 Bicentennial Memorial, c. 1976
4/15 Bicentennial Program Project Time Charts, 1973 June
4/16 Bicentennial Script #3, [c. 1974]
4/17 Biographies of Maryland Signers, 1966
4/19 Black History Projects, 1973-1976
4/20 Book Review – Maryland’s Revolution of Government 1689-1692,
4/21 Boy Scouts, 1974-1975
4/22 Chapter IV of Chesapeake Bay Ships and Seamen in the Continental Navy
by Nathan Miller, c. 1975
4/23 Chesapeake Bay, 1973-1974
4/24 County Bicentennial Projects, 1976 March
4/25 County Histories, 1976-1977
4/26 Education, 1973-1974
4/27 Historical Drama, 1973-1976
4/28 International American Bicentennial Celebration Committee Inc., 1972
4/29 Interpretive Materials, 1965-1975
4/30 Legislative Biographical Dictionary, 1976-1977
4/31 Program Plan for Commission, [1974?]
4/32 Proposal for Bay Conservation and Utilization, 197[1?]
4/33 Racial, Ethnic, Native American Advisory Committee, 1974-1976
5/1 Ratification Day, 1966-1976
5/2 Resignation Reenactment in State House, 1976 December
5/3 “Spirit of ‘76” – Environmental Initiative, 1974 August
5/4 State-wide Meeting of Commission, 1973 October
5/5 U.S. Frigate Constellation, 1973-1974
5/6 ARBA Newsletter, 1973
5/7 Brochures, Programs 1971-1977
5/8 Maryland Continental, The, 1973-1976
5/9 Personal Newsletters of Allan Lamb, 1974-1976
5/10 Press Clippings, 1947-1977
5/11 Press Releases, 1974-1976
5/12 Speeches, 1976
5/13 Commemorative Items Report, 1974 January
5/14 Maryland Bicentennial Medal, 1973
5/15 Recipes, ND
5/16 Symbol, ND
1. Association of the US Army active member roster, March 1977.
2. Blue line for Bicentennial Commission annual report back cover.
3. Blue line for Bicentennial Commission annual report front cover.
4. Transparency of Bicentennial Commission 1976 annual report front cover.
5. The Discover Maryland section of The Sunday Sun, June 2, 1974.