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Louis A.M. Krause Papers, MS 3081, 1908-1985
Finding Aid to the Louis A.M. Krause Papers, MS 3081
H. Furlong Baldwin Library, Maryland Historical Society
Title: The Louis A.M. Krause Papers
Creator Krause Family (of Baltimore, MD)
Call Number: MS 3081
Inclusive dates: 1908-1985
Bulk dates: 1917-1970
Extent: 23 boxes (2 flat)
Abstract: The papers of Louis A.M. Krause, M.D. (1896-1975) document his
life and career, from his education in Baltimore schools to his later
speeches and articles. Abundant material is available from his
years of military service in World Wars I and II. In addition to his
own travel diaries and correspondence, there are papers from two
sisters and a brother.
Repository H. Furlong Baldwin Library
Maryland Historical Society
201 W. Monument Street
Baltimore, MD 21218
Access Restrictions: Unrestricted
Use Restrictions: Permission to quote must be received in writing from the
Special Collections Librarian.
Provenance: Medical and Chirurgical Faculty of Maryland (Med Chi).
Transferred to the Maryland Historical Society in 1999.
Accession Number: 6597
Processing Note: Original processing done at Med Chi. Boxes and folders
rearranged and numbered by Richard Y. Meier.
Related Collections: Krause photographs are in a separate collection, PP 246.
Another collection of Krause papers is in the Otis Historical
Archives at the National Museum of Health and Medicine; a
vertical file of clippings on Krause is at the University of Maryland Health Sciences and Human Services Library in Baltimore.
Louis August Moyer Krause was born December 14, 1896 in Baltimore and attended high school at City College. He earned his M.D. from the University of Maryland in 1917, just as the United States was becoming involved in World War I. For the next two years, he was a military surgeon in the Army Medical Corps at field hospitals in France and occupied areas of Germany. He also served in World War II, working at Lawson Hospital in Atlanta and Camp Butner in North Carolina.
In his civilian life, Krause enjoyed a long career as physician and teacher in his native city. He was Professor of Clinical Medicine at the University of Maryland and Chief of Medical Services at Lutheran Hospital, plus a consultant to Baltimore City hospitals, Provident Hospital and others. In addition to his medical work, Krause pursued an interest in Middle Eastern languages and history, making trips to the Arabian peninsula and other countries in the area. At home, he was in much demand as a public speaker for commencements and many other occasions, including radio and television shows.
As a member of Med Chi, Krause served as chairman of the Library and History Committee and commissioned a survey of the historical collection there. Eventually Med Chi established a rare book reading room in his memory, dedicated in 1988. The contents of that collection are now at the Maryland Historical Society.
Krause remained unmarried and lived with his sister Louise Krause until his death on July 27, 1975.
Scope and Content
The Krause papers have now been arranged into six series, with a different order than originally received from Med Chi. Series I: School and Lecture Notes is a collection of class notes from subjects taken in high school, medical school, and later courses in oriental history and languages. Series II: Military Service contains records of Krause’s activities in World Wars I and II, in many different forms: official reports and orders, maps, travel guides, newspapers, postcards, pamphlets, manuals, theater tickets and programs, song lyrics, and a diary. All these documents are not cleanly separated by type, but rather are mixed together in the folders. More than three quarters of the material is from World War I. Series III: Correspondence and Family Papers preserves the many letters Krause wrote to family members during World War I and later. The general Correspondence section documents his connections with Baltimore area hospitals and Med Chi, plus his relationship with Wendell Phillips, oil magnate and archaeologist. An entire box is filled with letters of thanks and appreciation for Krause’s services. Series IV: Articles, Speeches, and Programs provides the texts of Krause’s public speeches and journal publications—often difficult to tell apart, since many are in undated typescript. Krause did publish medical research, but most of the articles and speeches are on topics of general interest, with an emphasis on medical themes in the Bible. Also preserved here are radio and TV scripts, notes and clippings used for speeches, plus two entire boxes full of programs for the events at which Krause spoke. Series V: Travel Diaries and Scrapbooks offers writings and memorabilia from Krause’s extensive travels in Europe and the Middle East; some of these are from his sisters Louise Krause and Annabel Kimball. Series VI: Personal Records and Ephemera includes a large variety of items such as school memorabilia, member ID’s and certificates, and a removed splinter. Some larger and oddly shaped items are in Flat Box B.
The breakdown of series and boxes is as follows:
Series I: School and Lecture Notes, 1910-1943
Subseries A: Public Schools [Box 1]
Subseries B: Medical School [Boxes 2, 3]
Subseries C: Lecture Courses [Boxes 3, 4]
Series II: Military Service, 1917-1919, 1942-1945
Subseries A: World War I [Boxes 5, 6, 7]
Subseries B: World War II [Box 8]
Series III: Correspondence and Family Papers, 1918-1985
Subseries A: Family Correspondence [Box 9]
Subseries A: General Correspondence [Box 10]
Subseries C: Letters of Appreciation [Box 11]
Series IV: Articles, Speeches, and Programs, c.1950-1980
Subseries A: Articles and Speeches [Boxes 12, 13]
Subseries B: Speech Notes and Clippings [Box 14]
Subseries C: Requests and Programs [Boxes 14 .15, 16]
Series V: Travel Diaries and Scrapbooks, 1908-1978 (Boxes 17, 18, Flat Box A)
Series VI: Personal Records and Ephemera (Boxes 19, 20, 21, Flat Box B)