Gorsuch-Mitchell Papers 1698-1921, MS. 2733

Maryland Historical Society
Library of Maryland History


Gorsuch-Mitchell Papers, 1698-1921
Maryland Historical Society

(Text converted and initial EAD tagging provided by Apex Data Services, March 1999.)

Gorsuch-Mitchell Papers, 1698-1921
Maryland Historical Society

Contact Information:
Manuscripts Department
Maryland Historical Society Library
201 West Monument Street
Baltimore MD 21201-4674
Fax: 410.385.2105

Descriptive Summary


MS. 2733

Maryland Historical Society

Baltimore MD 21201-4674


Jennifer A. Sharkey

October 1990


Scope and Content


John Gorsuch, the son of Thomas Gorsuch and Jane Ensor, was born in Baltimore County about 1730. He married Elizabeth Merryman, the daughter of John Merryman and Sarah Rogers, on 11 March 1755. She was born on 13 June 1734. By this marriage with Elizabeth, John Gorsuch had seven children (the order of the births is uncertain): Robert, John M., Dickinson, Richard, Joshua, Nicholas, Eleanor (Mrs. Joseph Merryman), and Deborah (Mrs. Nicholas Bryan). John Gorsuch died intestate in Baltimore County on 8 August 1808. His wife, Elizabeth, died thirteen years earlier on 2 September 1795.

By occupation, John Gorsuch was a planter. In addition to the land he inherited from his father after his death in 1774, John Gorsuch purchased, in 1761, from Oliver Matthews, parts of “Anderson's Barrens,” and “The Sign of the Panther,” both lying in Baltimore County. His other tracts of land included “Gorsuch's Retirement Resurveyed,” “Gorsuch's Regulation,” “Ensor's Choice,” “[Lovely] Addition,” and “Philpot's Addition.”

Upon his death in 1808, a letter of administration on his estate was granted to John M. Gorsuch. John M. Gorsuch's first account to the Orphans Court was settled in 1809. Distribution of the land was begun in 1810.

The papers of John Gorsuch consist of early land records. However, the bulk of the papers relate to the administration of his estate. These papers include the letter of administration authorizing John M. Gorsuch to settle his father's estate, a partial appraisal of the property, the first account settled with the Orphans Court, and deeds conveying the division of the land. Also included are receipts from Gerrard Gorsuch, the son of Nicholas Gorsuch, acknowledging payment due from his grandfather's estate.


Robert Gorsuch, the son of John Gorsuch and Elizabeth Merryman, was born in Baltimore County about 1756. He married Sarah O'Donovan/Donovan on 8 August 1782. She was born about 1764. By this marriage with Sarah, Robert Gorsuch had six children: Robert Jr., Elizabeth (Mrs. Hutchins), Harriet P. (Mrs. Perkins), Marie (Mrs. Dew), Sarah (Mrs. Samuel McVey), and Julia Ann (Mrs. Humphrey Becket). Robert Gorsuch Sr. died on 18 January 1828 in his 72nd year. His wife, Sarah, died two years earlier on 1 December 1826.

In 1810, his father's estate was distributed among the children. Robert Gorsuch came into the ownership of the property called “Homestead,” which had originally belonged to his grandfather, Thomas Gorsuch, who died in 1774.

Robert Gorsuch Sr. was a justice of the peace and a justice of the Levy Court. Before that he was engaged as a tax collector and sheriff. He also served in James Sterett's company during the War of 1812, having enlisted in 1814.

The papers of Robert Gorsuch consist of a receipted bill, dated 1808, acknowledging payment for a hurse.


Dickinson Gorsuch, the son of John Gorsuch and Elizabeth Merryman, was born in Baltimore County about 1769. He married Mary Talbott, the daughter of Thomas Talbott and Belinda Slade, on 24 March 1794. She was born about 1768 and died on 22 May 1822.

Dickinson and Mary (Talbott) Gorsuch had six children: Edward, Elizabeth (Mrs. Philip Pearce), Belinda (Mrs. John Pearce), Thomas Talbott, Dickinson Jr., and Mary, who died young.

Dickinson Gorsuch was a planter. Besides owning 17 acres and one-quarter part of a tract called “Cold Bottom,” lying in central Baltimore County, which was deeded to him in 1808 by John Ensor, Dickinson Gorsuch held other lands in the county. In 1810, for example, he received from his father's estate several parcels of land situated on the York road near Glencoe Village in Baltimore County. These parcels were subdivisions of “Retirement,” the original tract of about 5,000 acres granted to the family by Lord Baltimore. It was during the British march on Baltimore during the War of 1812 that Dickinson Gorsuch and two of his brothers removed from Patapsco Neck to settle upon this land. He died there on 12 January 1815. His wife and eldest son were named executors of the estate.

In 1826, eleven years after his death, division of his real estate was made. Abraham Green, the surviving acting commissioner of the estate of Dickinson Gorsuch, granted to Edward Gorsuch the parcels of land known as “Gorsuch's Retirement Resurveyed,” “The Sign of the Panther,” “Gorsuch's Mill Seat,” “Cold Bottom,” and “Addition to Gorsuch's Retirement.”

The papers of Dickinson Gorsuch consist of a letter, promissory notes, and land records. Additional land records are filed separately in folders for miscellaneous and oversized items. His other papers relate to the administration of his estate.


John M. Gorsuch, the son of John Gorsuch and Elizabeth Merryman, was born in Baltimore County about 1767. He married twice. He married (1) Sarah (Stansbury) Bowen, the widow of Josias Bowen (d. 1793), between 1794 and 1805. Sarah was the daughter of Tobias and Blanche Stansbury. She was born about 1758 and died between 1806 and 1809. John M. Gorsuch married (2) Ariana (Sollers) Stansbury on 28 November 1811. She was the widow of the Rev. Tobias Stansbury (d. 1811), and the sister-in-law to John M. Gorsuch's first wife. Ariana and her husband, the Rev. Tobias Stansbury, had three children: Nathaniel, Catharine P., and Sarah B., who married Edward Gorsuch, the son of Dickinson. John M. Gorsuch had no children of his own.

By occupation, John M. Gorsuch was also a planter. In 1803, he purchased from Daniel Bowly of Baltimore County, seventy-five acres of a tract of land known as “Josias's Outlet.”

Two years later he purchased an additional forty-two acres from the same tract. Over the next four years, he acquired even more land. In 1806, for example, he purchased five acres of land from William Coram. He also acquired, in or about 1809, by virtue of a land grant, about five acres of vacant land lying between the tracts known as “Popular Ridge,” “[Nashes Rest],” and “Pleasant Plains.” Besides all this land, upon the division of his father's estate in 1810, John M. Gorsuch came into the ownership of about 700 acres of land known as “The Forest,” lying on the York road near Glencoe Village.

In 1812, John M. Gorsuch was residing in the area of Whetstone Point (now Fort McHenry) on Patapsco Neck. However, he removed his family to “Forest Farm” with the British march on Baltimore in 1814. After the war he appropriately renamed it “Retreat Farm.” He continued to acquire in Baltimore County up until his death.

John M. Gorsuch died in 1845. His Last Will and Testament, dated 17 November 1840, and proved about 22 August 1845, names his nephew, Edward Gorsuch, executor of the estate, bequeathing also to him the parcels of land known as “Gorsuch's Retirement Resurveyed,” “Bacon Hall Enlarged,” and “Josiah's Outlet,” as well as two small tracts known as “Gorsuch's Expedition” and “Gorsuch's Folly.” The Will also grants Edward all his uncle's interest in the mill and in “Mill Seat,” all of his Negro servants and his wearing apparel. Other's mentioned in the Will are Edward Gorsuch's children: his sons, John S., Dickinson and Thomas; his daughters, Mary S. and Belinda; John M. Gorsuch's sisters, Eleanor Merryman and Deborah Bryan; his servant girl, Martha Buly; his stepson, Nathaniel Stansbury; his niece, Sarah McVey.

The papers of John M. Gorsuch consist of land records, receipted bills, a deed of manumission for his Negro girl, Harriet, and his Last Will and Testament. Some of these papers, which include receipted bills and accounts, relate to the administration of his estate. Oversize land records are filed separately.


Joshua Gorsuch, the son of John Gorsuch and Elizabeth Merryman, was born in Baltimore County about 1769. He married Ann Smith of Fells Point on 24 June 1795. She died eight years later on 10 February 1803 in her 35th year. His second wife, Eleanor Lynch, survived him. Joshua and Eleanor had about nine children (the names of eight of these children are known): John Lynch, James M., Joshua Merryman, George R., William McHenry, Elizabeth Ann (Mrs. Thomas Talbott Gorsuch), Martha L., and Ellen Maria.

In 1810, Joshua Gorsuch came into possession of all the parcel of land called “Philpot's Addition,” also referred to as Lot 352, lying in the City of Baltimore. This was his allotment from the division of his father's estate.

Joshua Gorsuch had strong ties to Baltimore. As a young man he actively pursued a career at sea, rising to the rank of Captain. He later gave up the sea and entered into Baltimore's

mercantile trade, an endeavor which was marked with much success. He was residing near Baltimore during the British march to Baltimore.

Joshua Gorsuch spent his last years at his property on the Baltimore and York turnpike. He died there in 1844. In his Last Will and Testament, proved 7 September 1844, he mentions his wife, Ellenor; his sons, Joshua M., George R., James M., John [S.], and William McHenry; his daughters, Elizabeth Ann, Martha [S.] and Ellen Maria. He also mentions his nephew, Thomas Talbott Gorsuch.

The papers of Joshua Gorsuch consist of Richard Marshall's transferals of Edward Gorsuch's account over to Joshua Gorsuch. Oversize land records are filed separately.


Edward Gorsuch, the son of Dickinson Gorsuch and Mary Talbott, was born in Baltimore County about [1 February] 1795. He married Sarah Bowen Stansbury, the daughter of Tobias Stansbury and Ariana Sollers, on 1 February 1820. By this marriage to Sarah, Edward had five children: John Stansbury, Dickinson (III), Thomas, Mary S. (Mrs. Alexander M. Morrison), and Belinda T. (Mrs. R. Wesley Black).

Edward Gorsuch, a planter and slave owner, resided near Glencoe Village, Maryland upon the property called “Retreat Farm.” His land holdings also included parts of “Gorsuch's Retirement Resurveyed,” “The Sign of the Panther,” “Gorsuch's Mill Seat,” “Cold Bottom,” and “Addition to Gorsuch's Retirement,” which he received from his father's estate. He also received land from his mother. This land included a tract in Harford County known as “Friendship's Benefit,” which had been deeded to her as a gift from her stepfather, Capt. Edmund Stansbury. Edward deeded part of this property to Dr. James Montgomery of Harford County in 1820. Edward also received by her “Jenkin's Chance” and a part of her lands in the state of Virginia, which she had been entitled to as one of the heirs at law of her late father, Thomas Talbott. And later, by virtue of his uncle's Will, he came into ownership of his uncle's interest in “Gorsuch's Retirement Resurveyed.” Edward also received “Bacon Hall Enlarged” and “Josiah's Outlet,” two small tracts known as “Gorsuch's Expedition” and “Gorsuch's Folly,” interest in the mill and in “Mill Seat,” all his uncle's Negro servants and wearing apparel.

Edward Gorsuch died on 11 September 1851 at the Riot of Christiana, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania. Two years earlier he had learned that a freed colored man named Abraham Johnson had acquired some stolen wheat from the Gorsuch farm. When charges were filed against Abraham Johnson, he and four of Edward Gorsuch's slaves, who feared that they might also be implicated, fled to Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, where abolitionist sentiment was strong. Over the next couple of years, Edward Gorsuch received reports from Pennsylvania about his four boys. Finally, in 1851, word arrived that they were working near Christiana. Under the authority of the Fugitive Slave Law, he secured the necessary warrants in Philadelphia and then set out

with a party of men that included his son, Dickinson, his son-in-law, Alexander M. Morrison, his nephew, Joshua, Dr. Thomas Pearce, Nicholas Hutchins, Nathan Nelson, and Cockey Gist. They were accompanied by Deputy United States Marshal H.C. Kline, who had a reputation for capturing fugitive slaves.

As the men approached Christiana, the community was alerted. Reaching the home where Edward Gorsuch believed his boys were staying, the men were confronted with an angry mob. Rioting followed and Edward Gorsuch was killed. Dickinson Gorsuch was seriously wounded and left for dead. Reports of the riot spread all over the country. The Christiana Riot marked the first bloodshed in resistance to the Fugitive Slave Law.

The papers of Edward Gorsuch consist of receipted bills, land records, his insurance policy, deeds of manumission, and miscellaneous legal records and requests regarding his criminal theft complaint against Abraham Johnson. Other papers relate to the administration of his estate. These papers include letters of administration and administrative accounts. Oversize land records are filed separately.


Thomas Talbott Gorsuch, the son of Dickinson Gorsuch and Mary Talbott, was born in Baltimore County about 1801. He married Elizabeth Ann Gorsuch, a first cousin, on 15 September 1829. They had about eight children: Dickinson, Mary T., Edward B., John D., Joshua Larkin, Elizabeth Frances, Ellenor Ann, and Thomas Talbott, Jr. Thomas Talbott Gorsuch Sr. died on 6 February 1879 at his home near Glencoe Village, maryland. He died in his 78th year.

At age 16, Thomas took a position at Uncle Joshua's mercantile firm. He gave up this job to study at Asbury College toward a career in the legal profession. Later, upon completion of his studies, he read law in the office of Gen. Benjamin C. Howard. But due to a disease of the eyes, which could not be treated medically, he was forced to leave this profession and return to the family farm near Glencoe. Here, Thomas ardently devoted himself to farming; he studied agriculture and even contributed to the formation of the Gunpowder Farmer's Club.

In 1851, his older brother was tragically killed at the Riot of Christiana. Edward's oldest son, John S. Gorsuch, was granted his youngest brother, Thomas. One year later, when John S. Gorsuch died, Uncle Thomas Talbott Gorsuch was appointed administrator of Edward Gorsuch's estate, de monis mon, and awarded guardianship of young Thomas.

The bulk of the papers of Thomas Talbott Gorsuch consist of bills and accounts. These papers relate to his guardianship of his nephew, Thomas Gorsuch.


Dickinson Gorsuch Jr., the youngest son of Dickinson Gorsuch and Mary Talbott, was born in Baltimore County about 1805. He died unmarried in 1837.

The papers of Dickinson Gorsuch Jr. consist of receipted

bills, dated 1824-1825, acknowledging payment for goods purchased from Joshua Gorsuch.


Mary Gorsuch, the youngest daughter of Dickinson Gorsuch and Mary Talbott, was born in Baltimore County about 1810. She died in 1826. Her estate was administered by her brother, Edward.

The papers of Mary Gorsuch consist of the letter of administration granting Edward Gorsuch the authority to settle her estate. Also included are Edward's administrative accounts, which note payment for Mary's school and boarding expenses.


John Stansbury Gorsuch, the eldest son of Edward Gorsuch and Sarah Bowen Stansbury, was born near Glencoe Village in Baltimore County on 17 December 1820. He married Francina H. Warfield, the daughter of Dr. Jesse Lee Warfield of Carroll County, on 21 February 1850.

John S. Gorsuch was a minister of the Methodist Episcopal Church. From 1846 to 1852, he served as a member of the Baltimore Methodist Episcopal Conference.

In 1851, upon the sudden death of his father at the Riot of Christiana, John S. Gorsuch was granted administration of his father's estate and awarded legal guardianship of his youngest brother, Thomas. One year later, on 15 March 1852, at the age of 32 years, John S. Gorsuch died at Cumberland, Allegany County, Maryland. His estate was administered by his father-in-law, Dr. Warfield. The first administrative and guardianship accounts for the estates of Edward and Thomas Gorsuch were consequently rendered and filed by Dr. Warfield from the books and papers left to him. In 1852, Edward Gorsuch's brother, Thomas Talbott Gorsuch, was appointed administrator, de monis mon. The responsibility of administering the estates of Edward and Thomas Gorsuch fell upon him.

The papers of John S. Gorsuch consist of his petition for the guardianship of his brother. Related items are filed with the papers of Edward and Thomas Gorsuch.


Dickinson Gorsuch, the son of Edward Gorsuch and Sarah Bowen Stansbury, was born near Glencoe Village in Baltimore County about 1826. He married (1) Rebecca F. Matthews. By this marriage to Rebecca, Dickinson Gorsuch had at least three children. Only one child survived infancy: Rebecca F. Gorsuch, who married Frederick G. Mitchell. Rebecca F. (Matthews) Gorsuch died from complications stemming from the birth of this daughter on 25 September 1860 at “Cold Bottom.” She died in her 30th year. Dickinson Gorsuch married (2) Susannah H. Johnson on 20 May 1862. At least two children were born to this marriage: Thomas and [Irving]. Dickinson Gorsuch died on 3 August 1882 in his 56th year. His second wife survived him. She died five years later on 27 November 1887.

Dickinson Gorsuch had accompanied his father to Christiana, Pennsylvania in 1851. His father was killed there and he was

seriously wounded. After a long recovery in Pennsylvania, Dickinson Gorsuch returned to Maryland and assumed responsibility for “Retreat Farm” and its slaves. His diaries, which span from 1851 to 1882, describe his life on the farm. Among the topics discussed are farm chores, livestock, the health of family members, visits to and from friends, and the weather. Other topics of discussion are his travels, his slaves, the Baltimore Riot, the Battle of Gettysburg, and politics.

He was once referred to as “a good Union man.” Of course, as a result of the war, he lost all of his slaves. He sought legal compensation for at least one of these slaves who, during the war, had enlisted in the 19th Regiment of the U.S. Colored Volunteers.

After the war, with the help of family members and some of the local boys, Dickinson Gorsuch continued with the operation of the farm. He also became active in community affairs and was elected as an executive member of the Gunpowder Agricultural Club. And, in 1881, as a member of the Baltimore County Temperance Alliance, a local option party to the Republican party, he ran for political office on the Alliance's political party ticket.

Dickinson Gorsuch died at “Retreat Farm.” Ownership of “Retreat Farm” was passed to his daughter, Rebecca F. (Gorsuch) Mitchell.

The papers of Dickinson Gorsuch consist of his diaries, a slave bill of sale, the indenture for a Negro orphan boy, legal papers regarding his claim for compensation of an enlisted slave, incoming correspondence, accounts and receipts, contest entries for the Rasin Prize, political party tickets, and newspaper clippings.


Thomas Gorsuch, the youngest son of Edward Gorsuch and Sarah Bowen Stansbury, was born near Glencoe Village in Baltimore County about 1836. He died in his 61st year.

In 1851, as a ward of the Orphans Court, he was placed under the guardianship of John S. Gorsuch. Less than one year later, following John S. Gorsuch's sudden death, this responsibility fell to Uncle Thomas Talbott Gorsuch. The settlement of his ward's estate with the Orphans Court of Baltimore County occurred about 1855.

Thomas Gorsuch, as an heir to his father's estate, came into ownership of some property. The annual 1853 appraisal of his real estate indicates that he owned one fifth part of a farm in Baltimore County, situated on Patapsco Neck, called “Creton's Plains,” “Philip's Addition,” and “Calf Pasture.” This property contained about two hundred and twenty acres of land and included a nine room house, a barn, a smoke house, an orchard, a garden, a meadow, and a heavily wooded area.

From about 1852 to 1855, however, Thomas Gorsuch lived in Charlottsville, Virginia where he was attending the University of Virginia. Although he periodically returned to Maryland during his school breaks to assist with the operation of the family farm, he eventually chose the teaching profession and spent much

of his time traveling abroad. He died on 2 August 1897 while on passage from England.

The papers of Thomas Gorsuch consist of the 1853 appraisal of his real estate, land records concerning property in Maryland and abroad, an outgoing letter dated 1888 from Rome, Italy, to Rebecca F. (Gorsuch) Mitchell, and an 1899 supplement to his executor's account (removed from Dr. F. G. Mitchell's medical account book). The bulk of his papers, which consist of receipted bills and accounts, relate to his guardianship and are filed under Thomas Talbott Gorsuch. Oversize land records are also filed separately.


Frederick G. Mitchell, the son of Dr. Frederick Dorsey Mitchell and Mary Elizabeth Yost, was probably born near Hereford in Baltimore County about 1856. He married about 1886. His wife, who was Rebecca F. Gorsuch, the daughter of Dickinson Gorsuch (III) and Rebecca Frances Matthews, was born at “Retreat Farm” on 16 September 1860. The Mitchell's were the parents of at least three children: Frederick Dorsey, Mary Bosley Matthews, and Rebecca Frances. Frederick G. Mitchell died in his 74th year on 11 January 1930. His wife survived him.

He practiced medicine at Glencoe. He was also engaged as a farmer upon the property known as “Retreat Farm.” His wife had inherited “Retreat Farm” from her father, following his death in 1882 (Ownership eventually passed to a daughter, Mary Bosley Matthews Mitchell, who sold it in 1956. She was the last of the Gorsuch heirs to live upon this property).

The papers of Frederick G. Gorsuch consist of accounts, bills and receipts, promissory notes, insurance policies, stock portfolios, legal papers, correspondence, a poem, notes, and an eulogy for Mammy. Also included are medical forms, farm equipment order forms, medical reports and notes, his short story entitled “Tragedy at Retreat Farm,” and his medical account books spanning 1889 to 1904.


Mary V. Mitchell, the daughter of Dr. Frederick Dorsey Mitchell and Mary Elizabeth Yost, was probably born near Hereford about 1853. She died unmarried.

The papers of Mary V. Mitchell consist of a duplicate income tax return for 1921. It was filed by Dr.'s Alexander R. Mitchell and Frederick G. Mitchell, her trustees.


Frederick D. Mitchell married Mary Elizabeth Yost. They were the parents of at least four children: Emily Carr (Mrs. George R. Mowell), Mary Virginia, Alexander R., who married Edith Stockton Conway, and Frederick Gibbons, who married Rebecca F. Gorsuch.

Frederick D. Mitchell practiced medicine near Glencoe Village, Maryland. He formally resided in Hagerstown and Hereford, Maryland.

His papers consist of a receipted bill, dated 25 February

1853, acknowledging payment from Dr. Mitchell to David Pearce for the land and premises assigned to Dr. Mitchell by lease.


Irving J. Gorsuch, the son of Dickinson Gorsuch and Susannah H. Johnson, was born at “Retreat Farm” about 1866. He died at his home near Glencoe about 1899. Dr. Frederick G. Gorsuch, his brother-in-law, served as an administrator of the estate.

The papers of Irving J. Gorsuch consist of a rental agreement with W.T. Matthews for “Gorsuch's Retreat,” a receipt acknowledging payment of rent for the use of a school room from September 1889 to June 1899, and an inventory of the property belonging to his estate.


The papers of J.E. Gorsuch (fl. 1899) consist of a supplement to the rental agreement of 1899 for “Gorsuch's Retreat.”


Josias Bowen was born in Baltimore County about 1729. He married Sarah Stansbury, age 33, on 24 December 1791.

By occupation, Josias Bowen was a planter. He resided on Patapsco Neck in Baltimore County until his death which occurred on 21 February 1793. His Last Will and Testament, dated 6 March 1792, and proved 19 October 1793, mentions: his sister, Mary Sollers; his wife, Sarah Bowen; his brother, Solomon Bowen; his nephew, Elijah; the sons of Benjamin Bowen, Josias and Benjamin; his old Negro fellow, Davey. His wife and two others, Josias Bowen and John Partridge, were named as executors of the estate. Sarah (Stansbury) Bowen married (2) John M. Gorsuch. She died about 1808.

The papers of Josias Bowen consist of a deed. In 1761, he executed this deed with Nicholas Ruxton Gay for three-hundred and fifty eight acres of land being a part of a tract of land called “Josias's Outlet” lying in Baltimore County. However, the bulk of Josias Bowen's papers relate to the settlement of his estate. These papers include his Last Will and Testament, the agreements made between his heirs and the estate, and Thomas Sweeting's receipt acknowledging payment from John Gorsuch for his portion of Josias Bowen's legacy.


Abraham Green (fl 1815-1832) served as a commissioner for dividing the real estate of Dickinson Gorsuch (d. 1815). Abraham Green died in Baltimore County in late 1832.

His Last Will and Testament, dated 21 September 1831, and proved 10 December 1832, mentions: his daughter, Jemima Johnson, the wife of Abraham Johnson (deceased); his grandson, Abraham Green; the children of Jemima and Abraham Johnson: his grandsons, James, Jacob, and Thomas, Marican, Hezekiah, and William Johnson; his granddaughters: Ann, Elizabeth, Mary, Emmeline, and Susan Johnson [who later married Dickinson Gorsuch (III)]. He also mentions Micajah Coale, the son of Stephen and Rachel Coale.

Abraham Green bequeathed to his daughter, Jemima Johnson, his tract of land called “Taylor's Purchase.” His grandson, Abraham Green, received the tract called “Merryman's Enclosures.” His land in Know County, Ohio was bequeathed to Micajah Coale, it being part of the fifteenth range of the United States Military Tract. The residue of his estate was divided among the other heirs. His grandsons, Abraham Green and Jacob Johnson, were named executor's of his estate.

The papers of Abraham Green consist of a deed and an inventory of his personal estate.


The papers consist of land deeds and plats with courses, the bulk of which refer to land lying in Baltimore County. Span dates are 1756 to 1881. Family names represented include Gorsuch, Anderson, Chancy, Lynch, Lennox, Matthews, Stansbury, Bowly, Smith, Green, Harrison, Fultz, and German.


Papers consist of miscellaneous accounts, from various sources, and a magazine clipping.


Container List

Box 1


Bill, 1802

Estate Papers-

Letter of Administration, 1808

Appraisal, [1808]

First Account Settled with Orphans Court, 1809

Deed, Robert Gorsuch, et. al. to Richard Gorsuch for “Gorsuch's Retirement Resurveyed,” “The Sign of the Panther,” “Gorsuch's Regulation,” “Ensor's Choice,” “[Lovely] Addition” and “Philpot's Addition,” 1810

Deed, Robert Gorsuch, et. al. to Joshua Gorsuch for “Philpot's Addition,” 1810

Receipts, 1810, 1817


Receipted Bill, 1808


Letter to Thomas [Levi], 1802

Deed from John Ensor for 1/4 part of “Cold Bottom,” 1808

Promissory Note, 1812

Estate Papers-

Promissory Note, 1816

Receipts, 1817-18

Thomas Montgomery's Account, 1823


Receipted Bill, 1816


Deed from William Coram for land formerly belonging to Elizabeth Smith, 1806

Land Warrant, 1809

Receipted Bills, 1809, 1810

Manumission, 1827

Deed from George and Elizabeth Merryman for Lot No. 2 of “Bacon Hall Enlarged,” 1839

Patent (first-title deed) for “Gorsuch's Folly,” 1840

Last Will and Testament, 1845

Estate Papers-

Receipted Bills, 1845, 1846

Administrative Accounts, 1845-46


Receipted Bills, 1816, 1850

Agreement with Dr. James Montgomery for part of “Friendship's Benefit,” 1823

Manumissions, 1828

Insurance Policy, 1847

Papers re criminal theft complaint against Abraham Johnson, 1849-1850

Estate Papers-

Letters of Administration, 1851, 1852

Administrative Accounts, 1851-56


Receipted Bill, 1826

Receipted Bills from guardianship of Thomas Gorsuch, 1852-57, n.d.

Guardianship Accounts, 1853-56

Dickinson Gorsuch's Account with Thomas Gorsuch, 1853


Receipted Bills, 1824-25


Estate Papers-

Letter of Administration, 1826

Receipted Bills, [1825]-26


Guardianship Petition for Thomas Gorsuch, 1851

Guardianship Account, 1852

Box 2


Diaries, 1851; 1853-56; 1858-64; 1866-72

Box 3

Diaries, 1873-82

Slave Bill of Sale, 1861

Letter from [?] Morrison to Cadet Charles H. Breckenridge re Dickinson Gorsuch, 1863

Indenture of Grafton Foard, a Negro orphan boy, 1864

Legal papers re claim for compensation of Albert Brooke, an enlisted slave, 1867

Letter from R. W[esley] Black, 1871

Letter from [?], 1874

Contest Entries for the Rasin Prize, 1880-81

Political Party Tickets, 1881

Letter re prescription formula for “Horse or Cattle Powder,” [1881]

Accounts, 1862

Receipts, 1878

Newspaper Clippings, 1878

Newspaper Clippings, 1880

Newspaper Clippings, 1881

Newspaper Clippings, 1882

Miscellaneous Material, 1859

Miscellaneous Material, 1872

Miscellaneous Material, 1873


Report of his real estate, 1853

Agreement with Thomas Harwood Perine, 1853

Deed, Thomas M. Johnson to Suzannah H. Gorsuch, 1880

Outgoing Correspondence, 1888

Mortgage from Josiah Price, 1882

Estate Papers-

Executor's Account, 1899


Accounts, 1877-1905

Bills and Receipts, 1877-1906

Incoming Correspondence, 1878-1906

Outgoing Correspondence, 1910, n.d.

Box 4

Medical Account Books, 1882-99

Box 5

Medical Account Books, 1899-1904

Court Judgement in the case of Mitchell vs. Shepperd, 1887

Court Judgement in the case of Mitchell vs. Ports, 1892

Insurance Policies, 1892-1900

Form of Certificate for committing a person to an institution for the insane (blank), ca. 1900

Certificate of Vaccination Forms (blank), [ca. 1900]

Material re subscription to the Comstock Collection Agency, 1902-03

Oath of Office, District School Trustees, 1904

Stock Portfolio, [ca. 1904]

Promissory Note, 1905

Machine Order Forms for Farm Equipment, 1905

Report, “1,000 Cases of Hydrophobia Treated,” [ca. 1911]

Article, “Tragedy at Retreat Farm,” 1911

Material re copyright of “Tragedy at Retreat Farm,” 1912

Pamphlet, “Treatment of The Chloral, Opium, and Alcohol Habits,” n.d.

Notes on “Soiling,” n.d.

Notes on “Asparagus,” n.d.

Notes on “The Glories of Living,” n.d.

Eulogy for Mummy Kelly, n.d.

Untitled Poem, n.d.

Miscellaneous Material


Income Tax Return (Duplicate), 1921


Receipt, 1853


Rental Agreement with W.T. Matthews for “Gorsuch's Retreat,” [1889]

Estate Papers-

Receipt, 1899

Inventory, 1900


Supplement to Rental Agreement of 1899 for “Gorsuch's Retreat,” n.d.


Conveyance with Nicholas Ruxton Gay, 1761

Last Will and Testament, 1792

Estate Papers-

Agreements, 1798-01; 1805-07

Receipt, 1817


Estate Papers-

Household Inventory, ca. 1832


Deed (Extract), George Chancy to Thomas Smith Jr., [ca. 1698]

Patent (Extract), Patrick Lynch, William Lynch and Mary Lenox, [ca. 1734]

Deed (Extract), Patrick Lynch to William Lynch, [ca. 1786]

Plat and Courses for “Gorsuch's Retirement Resurveyed,” 1817

Courses of a parcel of land sold to Joshua Gorsuch by Edward Gorsuch, n.d.

Depositions re the land called “Poplar Ridge,” n.d.




Deed, Leonard Anderson to Oliver Matthews for “Anderson's Barrens,” 1756

Deed, Oliver Matthews to John Gorsuch for “Anderson's Barrens” and a part of “The Sign of the Painter,” 1761

Deed of Gift, Edmund Stansbury to Mary [(Talbott)] Gorsuch for “Friendship's Benefit,” 1796

Deed, Daniel Bowly to John M. Gorsuch for “Josiah's Out Let,” 1803

Deed, Daniel Bowly to John M. Gorsuch for “Josiah's Outlet,” 1805

Deed, Dickinson Gorsuch to Joshua Gorsuch for “Philpot's Addition,” 1810

Agreement between Samuel Smith and John M. Gorsuch, 1812

Deed, John M. Gorsuch to Dickinson Gorsuch for “Gorsuch's Retirement Resurveyed” and “The Sign of the Panther,” 1813

Deed, Mary [(Talbott)] Gorsuch to Edward Gorsuch for “Friendship's Benefit” and “Jenkins Chance,” 1820

Deed, Abraham Green, the surviving acting commissioner for dividing the real estate of Dickinson Gorsuch, dec., to Edward Gorsuch for “Gorsuch's Retirement Resurveyed,” The Sign of the Panther,” Gorsuch's Mill Seat,” “Cold Bottom,” and “Addition to Gorsuch's Retirement,” 1826

Deed, John M. Gorsuch to William Harrison for “Josiah's Outlet,” 1848

Deed, Thomas Gorsuch to Joshua Gorsuch for “Gorsuch's Retirement,” 1858

Mortgage, George M. Fultz and wife to Thomas Gorsuch for parcels of “Three Elbows,” “Unexpected Discovery” and “Pitt,” 1879

Mortgage, George German and wife to Thomas Gorsuch for parcels of Lot No. 4, 1880

Course and Plat of “Gorsuch's Expedition” and “Gorsuch's Retirement,” n.d.

Plat of “Smith's Addition,” “Gorsuch's Adventure” and “Sidewell,” n.d.

Unidentified Course and Plat, n.d.


Obituary Entries Found in Hain Scrapbook;
MS. 2737

BAIRD, William F., Sr.

BOWEN, George W.


CHAMBERS, William Paris

CHRISTIAN, Grace (Mrs.)

CLARK, Clarence R.

CORAME, Charles H.



GALL, Alfred J.

HAIN, Ruth V. (Mrs.)

HAMLEN, Alfred H.

HEIN, Ernest H.


HOOK, William T.

HUTH, Harry M.

KNIGHT, Frank L.

LEUTNER, Charles H.

LYDECKER, Dr. William S.




MAULE, Raymond Conrad

MERRIKEN, Alverta E.

MULLER, Charles L.

NASS, John

NEALL, Earl M., Sr.

NEUMAYER, Frederick W.

RINE, George D.

SCHMIDT, Herman B.

SEMMLER, Ethel Hain



WILCOX, Howard C.

WOLFE, Townley Robey, Jr.